The Breton Language
Breton (Brezhoneg) is a Celtic language related to Welsh (Cymraeg) and Cornish (Kernewek). It is spoken in western or lower Brittany (Breizh), in the north-west of France. In 1814, the committee of the British and Foreign Bible Society (BFBS) first discussed the fact that the Breton language did not have a translation of the Holy Scriptures.
Testamant Nevez 1827
In 1824 Le Gonidec was contracted by the Bible Society to translate the New Testament from the Latin Vulgate into Breton. Jean François Le Gonidec (1775-1838), was a respected Breton scholar who had already published a dictionary and grammar for the Breton language. Le Gonidec was a Roman Catholic who knew French, Breton and Latin. The translation was made from the Latin Vulgate and the text was checked against the Greek and revised by two Welsh scholars: Rev Thomas Price (1787-1848) of Crickhowell and Rev David Jones of Swansea, Wales. The New Testament (Testamant Nevez) was published in 1827.
John Jenkins Revision 1870
From the 1830s Welsh-speaking Baptist and Calvinist Methodist missionaries started to arrive in Brittany. In 1834 John Jenkins of Glamorgan in Wales arrived in Brittany with the Baptist Mission. Jenkins learnt the Breton and French languages, and became a Bible Society colporteur selling copies of the Le Gonidec New Testament. These missionaries soon found that the scholarly language of the Le Gonidec version, was not well enough understood by general Breton speakers.
John Jenkins recommended a revision of this translation, which he was commissioned to do in 1838. He simplified the language and revised it by reference to the Greek, Welsh and English texts. From 1845 until 1847 Jenkins was assisted by the Breton writer Guillaume Ricou (1778-1848), who ensured it was in understandable language. The first revision was printed in Brest, Brittany in 1847. After Ricou died in 1848, further revisions were made with the help of the Welsh Calvinist Methodist missionary Rev James Williams, who came to Quimper in Brittany in 1842. Jenkins and Williams continued to revise the New Testament, and it was republished in 1854 and 1863 and the last revision was published in 1870.
Alfred Llewellyn Jenkins Revision 1897
In 1882 Alfred Llewellyn Jenkins agreed to revise his father's New Testament. He had grown up in Brittany and spoke Welsh and Breton natively. He revised the text with the help of Monsieurs Rohan and Luzel, and V. E. Bouhon of St. Brieuc. It was first published by the BIble Society in 1885, and then in 1886 as a dual language edition with French. In 1889 Alfred Ll. Jenkins started to translate the Old Testament from Hebrew into Breton. In 1897 the British and Foreign Bible Society published his book of Genesis (Levr ar Genes), and a final corrected edition of the New Testament (Testament Nevez). The Gospels were reprinted separately in 1906, and the New Testament was reprinted in 1920, 1927 and the last time it was reprinted was 1935.
The Jenkins edition of the 1897 Breton New Testament was digitised in 2017, from originals in the BFBS archives, with the help of volunteers from MissionAssist. This historical text is maintained by the British and Foreign Bible Society.
An Bibel Kernewek 2020An Bíobla Naomhtha 1817 (Bedell)An Sowter 1997Aneityum Gospels 1863Ashiri Aeuitaknup, Iyohaichish, Yona 1897Baiberi Magwaro Matȿene aMŋari 1949 (Doke)Beibl Cymraeg Newydd Diwygiedig 2004Beibl Cymraeg Newydd Diwygiedig yn cynnwys yr Apocryffa 2004Beibl William Morgan - Argraffiad 1955Beibl William Morgan yn cynnwys yr Apocryffa - Argraffiad 1959Bibela ea Boitsépho 1890 (Sechuana Tlhaping - Moffatt Bible)Bibl Koad 21: Ar Bibl e Brezhoneg evit ar VretonedBiblija - Pe Baltitko Romani čib (Romanes) 2019Book Hoa Matthew 1816Bullom So Prayer Book Selections 1816Chauṉh Anajíl te Rusulan de A’Amal 1927 (Roman Punjábí)Contemporary English Version (Anglicised) 2012Criscote e Majaró Lucas 1872 (Caló)Cyfieithiad Briscoe 1853-94 (Test. Newydd a rhannau o'r Hen Dest.)Cyfieithiad Urdd y Graddedigion 1921-45 (T.N., Hosea ac Amos)Darby's Translation 1890Detholiad o’r Salmau 1936 (Lewis Valentine)Diɛt ke Dabid 1956Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision 1752Duw ar waith - Y Newyddion da yn ôl Marc 1990E Romaii Biblia 2020 (Kăldărărihko)E devléskoro sfjato lil e Ísus-Xristóskoro džiipé thai meribé e sfjatoné Lukéstar 1912 (Arlija Balkan Romani - Bulharsko)Ediția Dumitru Cornilescu revizuită 2019Embéo e Majaró Lucas 1837 (Caló)Enjil Yesu 1912 (4 Gospels in Nubian Kenuzi)Epistolau Bugeiliol c.1564 (Esgob Richard Davies)Fu in Ma-tai 1904Féké Testament 1947Good News Bible (Anglicised)Good News Bible (Anglicised) 1994Good News Bible (Catholic edition in Septuagint order)Gospel of Mark in Romanised Sudanese Arabic 1927I Ghiléngheri Ghília Salomunéskero an i Rômáni tćib 1875 (Sinte - Italia)Iaai Bible 1901 (New Caledonia)Iesu Keriso imo pai-dubi naiba kitouti dubu nou pai mea 1941Inji’l i Muqaddas 1955Isaiah 1830, 1842 (John Jones alias Ioan Tegid)Isezerano Risha 1967Iṅǵīl Yesū El-Messīhnilin, Markosin Fāyisīn Nagittā 1885Joannostir Svencono lačopheniben 1933 (Latvia)Juɛl a pwɔdɛn tɛ Mak 1947Jóhannesar Evangelium 1908Kildin Sami Matthew chapters 1-22, 1878 in CyrillicKitab Alkudus: Injil Isa Almasih 1866 (Keasberry)Kushti Bokkengro 1985Kushti Lavs (Romany Selections) 1981L' Sâint Évàngile Siévant Sâint Makyu 1863 (Georges Métivier)La Sankta Biblio 1926 (Esperanto Londona Biblio)Lek Jot de Jecu Kritho 1940Lemefeme da Yesu Kristo. Markus 1915 (Bacama)Levr ar Psalmou 1873 (Williams)Lingjili Matthew ki nache 1816Lioar ny Psalmyn 1765 (Pointed)Lis Evangèli 1903 (Provençal)Lu Vanzèli seònd S. Matìe 1860Luka Suvarta 1916 (Kuvi Kond)MUKANDA WANZAMBIMa'di Book of Ruth 1938MakrMark añgw’a téndé 1938Marku mau sau 1951; ZaiwaMattheo 1911 (Evangelho de S. Mattheus - XiPuthshu)Methelokên Hezretê Silêman 1947Mota New Testament 1931 (Vanuatu)Márk-Likhita Susamácár 1882 (Romanised Bengali)Na Cheithre Soisgéil agus Gníoṁartha na n-Aspol 1915, 1921 (Peadar Ua Laoghaire)Ne Saint John 1804Ne Saint Mark 1774New Testament in Braid Scots 1904 (William Wye Smith)Noo Ean 1936Noo Mian 1748O Devlikano lil e Sumnale Lukahtar 1936 (Bosnia)O Evangelio Jezus Kristusester pala Markus 1912 (Sinte)O Lašo Nevimos katar o Marko 1971 (Kalderaš)O keriben pal e Devleskre bičhade 1936 (Morava)Omulago Muhya 1946 (Kikahindurwa mu Kikerewe)Ootech oochu Takeh niya-Tinkles St. Mark 1886Pened balid Yoliánesà 1888Predigimo ä Johannesko 1930Proffwydi ac Epistolau 1852-62 (John Owen)Psalms of David in Metre 1650 (Scottish Psalter)Psalmyn Ghavid 1761 (Metrical)Revised Version 1885Revised Version with Apocrypha 1885, 1895Rut, la Cantica di li Cantici, e Matteu 1861 (volgarizzato in dialetto siciliano)Salmau 1-20 a detholiad o Ruth ac Eseia 1830-35 (Ioan Tegid)Salmau Cân - Tŵr Dafydd 1875 (Gwilym Hiraethog)Salmau Cân - Y Psallwyr 1850 (Nicander)Salmau Cân 1621 (Edmwnd Prys)Salmau Cân Newydd 2008 (Gwynn ap Gwilym)Salmau Dafydd Broffwyd 1603 (Edward Kyffin)Scottish Metrical Paraphrases 1781Segala Surat Perdjanjian Baharu Maha Besar Tuhan Jesus Christos 1877Sherbro Parables in Matthew and Luke 1839Shìng-King 1915 (Kwóng-Tung Wâ)St Paul from the Trenches 1916Swampy Cree Bible Portions 1877 (Hunter)Tandu tani adea ngoro ta tišile Marako tini. Tandu tani adea ngoro ta tišile Matayo tini.Tangale Bible Portions 1920-28Testamant Nevez 1897 (Jenkins)Testament Newydd Salesbury - Argraffiad 1850Testament Newydd a'r Salmau 1567 (William Salesbury)Testament ke Siki 1960 (Kabba Laka)The Drom 1995Tiomna Nua 1951 (de Siúnta)Tolomaku Portions 1909Uet-Apuaté Etong Luka 1905Ututi, Jona 1973 (Enga)Vangheilu al Matheu 1889Wel puat̤ ci Mak ke gor 1916Wester Boswell Scripture Selections 1874Y Cyfammod Newydd - Y Pedair Efengyl 1818 (John Jones LL.D.)Y Ffordd Newydd - 4 Efengyl mewn Cymraeg Byw 1971Y Septuagint, Genesis 1-10:2, 1866 (Evan Andrews)Yalunka Matthew 1907Yn Apocrypha (Broderick) 1979Yn Apocrypha 1772Yn Conaant Noa 1810Yn Vible Casherick 1819Young's Literal Translation 1898Yr Oraclau Bywiol - Testament Newydd 1842 (John Williams)Zabúr 1863 (Roman Urdū)beibl.net 2015, 2021luker lekha ʃuʃomacar 1921 (Colloquial Bengali in Simplified Phonetics)mārku eɹudhina suvisēsham 1952 (rōman thamiɹ)Évangile de Saint Matthieu 1855 (de Sacy)Библия - Пэ Балтитко Романи чиб (Романэс) 2019Библия Думитру Корнилеску 1924Біблія в пер. Івана Огієнка 1962Махьтвеест Пась‐Евангели 23-28, 1878ꓟ˗ꓘꓳ ꓕꓰ˗ꓷ 1932
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