The Vineyard of the Lord Destroyed
1Let me sing for my beloved
my love song concerning his vineyard:
My beloved had #Ps. 80:8; Matt. 21:33; Mark 12:1; Luke 20:9; [Hos. 9:10]a vineyard
on a very fertile hill.
2He dug it and cleared it of stones,
and planted it with #Jer. 2:21 choice vines;
he built a watchtower in the midst of it,
and hewed out a wine vat in it;
and #[Matt. 21:19; Mark 11:13; Luke 13:6]he looked for it to yield grapes,
but it yielded wild grapes.
3And now, O inhabitants of Jerusalem
and men of Judah,
judge between me and my vineyard.
4 # [Mic. 6:3, 4] What more was there to do for my vineyard,
that I have not done in it?
# [See ver. 2 above] When I looked for it to yield grapes,
why did it yield wild grapes?
5And now I will tell you
what I will do to my vineyard.
I will remove #[Jer. 5:10] its hedge,
and it shall be devoured;#5:5 Or grazed over; compare Exodus 22:5
Ps. 80:12; [Prov. 24:31] I will break down its wall,
and it shall be trampled down.
6I will make it a waste;
it shall not be pruned or hoed,
and #See ch. 7:23-25 briers and thorns shall grow up;
# [1 Kgs. 17:1; Jer. 14:1, 22] I will also command the clouds
that they rain no rain upon it.
7 # [ch. 3:14]; See Ps. 80:8-11 For the vineyard of the Lord of hosts
is the house of Israel,
and the men of Judah
are his pleasant planting;
and he looked for justice,
but behold, bloodshed;#5:7 The Hebrew words for justice and bloodshed sound alike
but behold, an outcry!#5:7 The Hebrew words for righteous and outcry sound alike
Woe to the Wicked
8Woe to those who #Mic. 2:2join house to house,
who add field to field,
until there is no more room,
and you are made to dwell alone
in the midst of the land.
9The Lord of hosts has sworn in my hearing:
# ch. 6:12 “Surely many houses shall be desolate,
large and beautiful houses, without inhabitant.
10 # [Lev. 26:26; Hag. 1:6; 2:16] For ten acres#5:10 Hebrew ten yoke, the area ten yoke of oxen can plow in a day of vineyard shall yield but one bath,
and a #Ezek. 45:11homer of seed shall yield but an ephah.”#5:10 A bath was about 6 gallons or 22 liters; a homer was about 6 bushels or 220 liters; an ephah was about 3/5 bushel or 22 liters
11Woe to those who #ver. 22; [Prov. 23:29, 30; Eccles. 10:16, 17]rise early in the morning,
that they may run after strong drink,
who tarry late into the evening
as wine inflames them!
Amos 6:5, 6 They have lyre and harp,
tambourine and flute and wine at their feasts,
# ch. 26:11 but they do not regard the deeds of the Lord,
or see the work of his hands.
13Therefore my people go into exile
# ch. 1:3; Hos. 4:6 for lack of knowledge;#5:13 Or without their knowledge
their #[Lam. 4:2, 7, 8]honored men go hungry,#5:13 Or die of hunger
and their multitude is parched with thirst.
14Therefore Sheol has #Hab. 2:5 enlarged its appetite
and opened #Ps. 141:7 its mouth beyond measure,
and the nobility of Jerusalem#5:14 Hebrew her nobility and her multitude will go down,
her revelers and he who #[ver. 12; Job 1:18, 19]exults in her.
15 # ch. 2:9 Man is humbled, and each one is brought low,
and the eyes of the haughty#5:15 Hebrew high are brought low.
16 # ch. 2:11, 17 But the Lord of hosts is exalted#5:16 Hebrew high in justice,
and the Holy God shows himself holy in righteousness.
17Then shall the lambs graze #Mic. 2:12 as in their pasture,
and #[Judg. 6:3]nomads shall eat among the ruins of the rich.
18Woe to those who draw iniquity with #Prov. 5:22cords of falsehood,
who draw sin as with cart ropes,
19who say: #[Ezek. 12:22; 2 Pet. 3:4]“Let him be quick,
let him speed his work
that we may see it;
let the counsel of the Holy One of Israel draw near,
and let it come, that we may know it!”
20Woe to #[Amos 5:7] those who call evil good
and good evil,
# [Job 17:12; Matt. 6:22, 23; Luke 11:34, 35] who put darkness for light
and light for darkness,
who put bitter for sweet
and sweet for bitter!
21Woe to those who are #Prov. 3:7; Rom. 12:16wise in their own eyes,
and shrewd in their own sight!
22Woe to those who are #ver. 11heroes at drinking wine,
and valiant men in mixing strong drink,
23who #Ex. 23:8; Prov. 17:15acquit the guilty for a bribe,
and deprive the innocent of his right!
24Therefore, #ch. 47:14; Joel 2:5; [Ex. 15:7] as the tongue of fire devours the stubble,
and as dry grass sinks down in the flame,
so #Job 18:16 their root will be #Hos. 5:12 as rottenness,
and their blossom go up like dust;
for they have #ch. 30:9 rejected the law of the Lord of hosts,
and have #ch. 1:4despised the word of the Holy One of Israel.
25Therefore #2 Kgs. 22:13, 17 the anger of the Lord was kindled against his people,
and he stretched out his hand against them and struck them,
and #Jer. 4:24; [Ps. 97:5; Hab. 3:6] the mountains quaked;
and their corpses were #[2 Kgs. 9:37; Jer. 36:30] as refuse
in the midst of the streets.
# ch. 9:12, 17, 21; 10:4 For all this his anger has not turned away,
and his hand is stretched out still.
26He will #ch. 11:12; 13:2; 18:3 raise a signal for nations far away,
and #ch. 7:18; Zech. 10:8 whistle for them #ch. 10:3; Deut. 28:49from the ends of the earth;
and behold, quickly, speedily they come!
27 # See ch. 10:28-31 None is weary, none stumbles,
none slumbers or sleeps,
not a waistband is loose,
not a sandal strap broken;
Ps. 7:12, 13 their arrows are sharp,
all their bows bent,
their horses’ hoofs seem like flint,
and their wheels #ch. 21:1like the whirlwind.
29Their roaring is like a lion,
like young lions they roar;
they growl and #See 2 Kgs. 18:13-16seize their prey;
they carry it off, and none can rescue.
30They will growl over it on that day,
like the growling of the sea.
And if one looks to the land,
behold, #ch. 8:22darkness and distress;
and the light is darkened by its clouds.