A Lament over Pharaoh and Egypt
1 # See ch. 20:1 In the twelfth year, in the twelfth month, on the first day of the month, the word of the Lord came to me: 2#See ch. 2:1 “Son of man, #See ch. 19:1 raise a lamentation over #ch. 29:2 Pharaoh king of Egypt and say to him:
“You consider yourself #ch. 19:3, 5, 6; 38:13 a lion of the nations,
but you are like #ch. 29:3 a dragon #[Isa. 18:2] in the seas;
# [ver. 14; Jer. 46:8] you burst forth in your rivers,
trouble the waters with your feet,
and foul their rivers.
3Thus says the Lord God:
# See ch. 12:13 I will throw my net over you
with a host of #[ch. 26:3] many peoples,
and #[ch. 29:4]they will haul you up in my dragnet.
4And #[ch. 29:5]I will cast you on the ground;
on the open field I will fling you,
and will cause all the birds of the heavens to settle on you,
and I will gorge the beasts of the whole earth with you.
5I will strew your flesh #[ch. 31:12]upon the mountains
and fill the valleys with your carcass.#32:5 Hebrew your height
6I will drench the land even to the mountains
with your flowing blood,
and the ravines will be full of you.
7 # [Isa. 14:12] When I blot you out, #[Isa. 13:10; Joel 2:31; Matt. 24:29; Mark 13:24, 25]I will cover the heavens
and make their stars dark;
I will cover the sun with a cloud,
and the moon shall not give its light.
8All the bright lights of heaven
will I make dark over you,
and #[Ex. 10:21; Isa. 5:30]put darkness on your land,
declares the Lord God.
9“I will trouble the hearts of many peoples, when I bring your destruction among the nations, into the countries that you have not known. 10#[ch. 27:35] I will make many peoples appalled at you, and the hair of their kings shall bristle with horror because of you, when #[1 Chr. 21:16] I brandish my sword before them. #ch. 26:16; [Deut. 28:66]They shall tremble every moment, every one for his own life, on the day of your downfall.
11“For thus says the Lord God: #[ch. 29:8, 19]; See Jer. 46:26The sword of the king of Babylon shall come upon you. 12I will cause #See ch. 31:2 your multitude to fall by the swords of mighty ones, all of them #See ch. 28:7 most ruthless of nations.
# ch. 29:19 “They shall bring to ruin the pride of Egypt,
and all its multitude#32:12 Or wealth shall perish.
13I will destroy all its beasts
from beside many waters;
# ch. 29:11 and no foot of man shall trouble them anymore,
nor shall the hoofs of beasts trouble them.
14Then #[ver. 2]I will make their waters clear,
and cause their rivers to run like oil,
declares the Lord God.
15When I make the land of Egypt desolate,
and when the land #[ch. 12:19] is desolate of all that fills it,
when I strike down all who dwell in it,
then #[Ex. 7:5]; See ch. 6:7they will know that I am the Lord.
16 # [ver. 2] This is a lamentation that shall be chanted; the daughters of the nations shall chant it; over Egypt, and over #See ch. 31:2all her multitude, shall they chant it, declares the Lord God.”
17 # See ch. 20:1 In the twelfth year, in the twelfth month,#32:17 Hebrew lacks in the twelfth month on the fifteenth day of the month, the word of the Lord came to me: 18#See ch. 2:1 “Son of man, #[ver. 2] wail over #[See ver. 16 above] the multitude of Egypt, and #[ch. 26:20; 31:16] send them down, her and the daughters of majestic nations, #See ch. 31:14to the world below, to those who have gone down to the pit:
19 # [ch. 31:2, 18] ‘Whom do you surpass in beauty?
Go down and #ver. 32; See ver. 28-30be laid to rest with the uncircumcised.’
20They shall fall amid those #ch. 31:17, 18 who are slain by the sword. Egypt#32:20 Hebrew She is delivered to the sword; drag her away, and #See ch. 31:2all her multitudes. 21The mighty chiefs #Isa. 14:9, 10 shall speak of them, #[ch. 30:6, 8] with their helpers, out of the midst of Sheol: ‘They have come down, they lie still, #ch. 28:10; 31:18 the uncircumcised, #[See ver. 20 above]slain by the sword.’
22 # [ver. 24, 26, 29, 30] “Assyria is there, and all her company, #ver. 25, 26its graves all around it, all of them slain, fallen by the sword, 23whose graves are set in #Isa. 14:15 the uttermost parts of the pit; and her company is all around her grave, all of them slain, fallen by the sword, #ver. 24, 25, 26, 27; [ch. 26:17] who spread terror #Ps. 27:13in the land of the living.
24 # Isa. 11:11; See Jer. 49:34-39 “Elam is #[ver. 22] there, and all her multitude around her grave; all of them #ver. 20 slain, fallen by the sword, who went down uncircumcised into #ver. 18; See ch. 31:14 the world below, who spread their terror in the land of the living; and #ver. 25, 30; ch. 16:52, 54; 36:7; 44:13; [ch. 34:29; 36:6; 39:26]they bear their shame #ver. 18; See ch. 31:14 with those who go down to the pit. 25#[Isa. 30:33] They have made her a bed among the slain with all her multitude, #[ver. 22]her graves all around it, all of them uncircumcised, slain by the sword; for terror of them was spread in the land of the living, and they bear their shame with those who go down to the pit; they are placed among the slain.
26 # See ch. 27:13 “Meshech-Tubal is #[See ver. 25 above]there, and all her multitude, #[See ver. 25 above]her graves all around it, all of them uncircumcised, slain by the sword; for they spread their terror in the land of the living. 27And #[Isa. 14:18, 19]they do not lie with the mighty, the fallen from among the uncircumcised, who went down to Sheol with their weapons of war, whose swords were laid under their heads, and whose iniquities are upon their bones; for the terror of the mighty men was in the land of the living. 28But as for you, you shall be broken #ch. 28:10; 31:18and lie among the uncircumcised, with those who are slain by the sword.
29 # See ch. 25:12-14 “Edom is #[ver. 22]there, her kings and all her princes, who for all their might are laid with those who are killed by the sword; they lie with the uncircumcised, with those who go down to the pit.
30“The princes #[ch. 38:6; 39:2] of the north are there, all of them, and all the #ch. 28:21; See Isa. 23:2 Sidonians, who have gone down in shame with the slain, #ver. 23 for all the terror that they caused by their might; they lie uncircumcised with those who are slain by the sword, and #See ver. 24bear their shame with those who go down to the pit.
31“When Pharaoh sees them, he #[ch. 31:16] will be comforted for #See ch. 31:2all his multitude, Pharaoh and all his army, slain by the sword, declares the Lord God. 32#[ver. 10] For I spread terror #ver. 23 in the land of the living; and he shall be laid to rest among #ver. 21, 27the uncircumcised, with those who are slain by the sword, Pharaoh and all his multitude, declares the Lord God.”
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