Twelve Disciples of John the Baptist
1While Apollos was in Corinth, Paul traveled through the interior regions and came to Ephesus. He found some disciples#Ac 18:1,24; 1Co 1:12; 3:5–6 2and asked them, “Did you receive the Holy Spirit when you believed?” #Ac 8:15–17; 10:44–45
“No,” they told him, “we haven’t even heard that there is a Holy Spirit.”#Jn 7:39; Ac 8:16; 11:16
3“Into what then were you baptized?” he asked them.
“Into John’s baptism,” they replied.#Ac 18:25
4Paul said, “John baptized with a baptism of repentance,#Lk 3:3; Ac 13:24 telling the people that they should believe in the one who would come after him, that is, in Jesus.”#Mt 3:11; Jn 1:7,27; Ac 13:24–25
5When they heard this, they were baptized into the name of the Lord Jesus. 6And when Paul had laid his hands on#Ac 6:6; 8:17 them, the Holy Spirit came on them, and they began to speak in tongues#19:6 Or other languages and to prophesy.#Mk 16:17; Ac 2:4; 10:46 7Now there were about twelve men in all.
In the Lecture Hall of Tyrannus
8Paul entered the synagogue and spoke boldly over a period of three months, arguing and persuading them about the kingdom of God.#Ac 1:3; 9:20; 28:23 9But when some became hardened and would not believe, slandering the Way in front of the crowd, he withdrew from them, taking the disciples, and conducted discussions every day in the lecture hall of Tyrannus.#Ac 9:2; 11:26; 14:4; 19:23,30 10This went on for two years, so that all the residents of Asia, both Jews and Greeks,#Ac 14:1; 18:4; 19:17; 20:21; 1Co 1:24 heard the word of the Lord.#Ac 19:8,22,26–27; 20:31
Demonism Defeated at Ephesus
11God was performing extraordinary miracles by Paul’s hands, 12so that even facecloths or aprons#19:12 Or sweat cloths that had touched his skin were brought to the sick, and the diseases left them, and the evil spirits came out of them.#Ac 5:15; 8:13
13Now some of the itinerant Jewish exorcists also attempted to pronounce the name of the Lord Jesus over those who had evil spirits, saying, “I command you by the Jesus that Paul preaches!” #Mt 12:27; Mk 9:38; Lk 11:19 14Seven sons of Sceva, a Jewish high priest, were doing this. 15The evil spirit answered them, “I know Jesus, and I recognize Paul — but who are you?” 16Then the man who had the evil spirit jumped on them, overpowered them all, and prevailed against them, so that they ran out of that house naked and wounded. 17When this became known to everyone who lived in Ephesus, both Jews and Greeks, they became afraid, and the name of the Lord Jesus#Ac 8:16; 19:5,13; 21:13; 1Co 6:11; Col 3:17 was held in high esteem.#Ac 5:5,11; 18:19
18And many who had become believers came confessing and disclosing their practices, 19while many of those who had practiced magic#Is 3:3; Ezk 13:18–20 collected their books and burned them in front of everyone. So they calculated their value and found it to be fifty thousand pieces of silver. 20In this way the word of the Lord spread and prevailed.#Ac 6:6–7; 12:24
The Riot in Ephesus
21After these events, Paul resolved by the Spirit#19:21 Or in his spirit to pass through Macedonia and Achaia and go to Jerusalem. “After I’ve been there,” he said, “It is necessary for me to see Rome as well.”#Ac 16:9; 18:12; 20:16,22; Rm 15:24–25,28 22After sending to Macedonia two of those who assisted him, Timothy and Erastus,#Rm 16:23; 2Tm 4:20 he himself stayed in Asia for a while.#Ac 13:5; 16:1,23; 19:10; 2Tm 4:20
23About that time there was a major disturbance about the Way.#Ac 9:2; 2Co 1:8 24For a person named Demetrius, a silversmith who made silver shrines of Artemis, provided a great deal of business for the craftsmen. 25When he had assembled them, as well as the workers engaged in this type of business, he said, “Men, you know that our prosperity is derived from this business. 26You see and hear that not only in Ephesus, but in almost all of Asia, this man Paul has persuaded and misled a considerable number of people by saying that gods made by hand are not gods.#Dt 4:28; Ps 115:4; Is 44:10–20; Jr 10:3; Ac 17:29; 1Co 8:4; Rv 9:20 27Not only do we run a risk that our business may be discredited, but also that the temple of the great goddess Artemis may be despised and her magnificence come to the verge of ruin — the very one all of Asia and the world worship.”
28When they had heard this, they were filled with rage and began to cry out, “Great is Artemis of the Ephesians!” 29So the city was filled with confusion, and they rushed all together into the amphitheater, dragging along Gaius#Rm 16:23; 1Co 1:14 and Aristarchus,#Ac 20:4; 27:2; Col 4:10; Phm 24 Macedonians who were Paul’s traveling companions. 30Although Paul wanted to go in before the people, the disciples did not let him. 31Even some of the provincial officials of Asia, who were his friends, sent word to him, pleading with him not to venture#19:31 Lit not to give himself into the amphitheater. 32Some were shouting one thing and some another,#Ac 21:34 because the assembly was in confusion, and most of them did not know why they had come together. 33Some Jews in the crowd gave instructions to Alexander#19:33 Or thought it was about Alexander after they pushed him to the front. Motioning with his hand, Alexander wanted to make his defense to the people.#Ac 12:17; 21:34 34But when they recognized that he was a Jew, they all shouted in unison for about two hours, “Great is Artemis of the Ephesians!”
35When the city clerk had calmed the crowd down, he said, “People of Ephesus! What person is there who doesn’t know that the city of the Ephesians is the temple guardian of the great#19:35 Other mss add goddess Artemis, and of the image that fell from heaven? 36Therefore, since these things are undeniable, you must keep calm and not do anything rash. 37For you have brought these men here who are not temple robbers or blasphemers of our#19:37 Other mss read your goddess. 38So if Demetrius and the craftsmen who are with him have a case against anyone, the courts are in session, and there are proconsuls. Let them bring charges against one another.#Ac 13:7; Rm 2:22 39But if you seek anything further, it must be decided in a legal assembly. 40In fact, we run a risk of being charged with rioting#Mt 26:5; 27:24; Ac 17:5 for what happened today, since there is no justification that we can give as a reason for this disturbance.” 41After saying this, he dismissed the assembly.