The Usefulness of Proverbs
1The proverbs (truths obscurely expressed, maxims) of Solomon son of David, king of Israel:
2To know [skillful and godly] wisdom and instruction;
To discern and comprehend the words of understanding and insight,
3To receive instruction in wise behavior and the discipline of wise thoughtfulness,
Righteousness, justice, and integrity;
4That prudence (good judgment, astute common sense) may be given to the naive or inexperienced [who are easily misled],
And knowledge and discretion (intelligent discernment) to the youth,
5The wise will hear and increase their learning,
And the person of understanding will acquire wise counsel and the skill [to steer his course wisely and lead others to the truth],
6To understand a proverb and a figure [of speech] or an enigma with its interpretation,
And the words of the wise and their riddles [that require reflection].
7The [reverent] fear of the Lord [that is, worshiping Him and regarding Him as truly awesome] is the beginning and the preeminent part of knowledge [its starting point and its essence];
But arrogant #In Proverbs various kinds of fools are discussed including those who are closed-minded, over-confident, and reject instruction and correction—the unteachable; those who lack spiritual insight—the spiritually blind; and those who are flippant, hardened, and who deliberately choose to reject God and wisdom—the arrogant.fools despise [skillful and godly] wisdom and instruction and self-discipline.
The Enticement of Sinners
8My son, hear the instruction of your father,
And do not reject the teaching of your mother.
9For they are a garland of grace on your head,
And chains and ornaments [of gold] around your neck.
10My son, if sinners entice you,
Do not consent.
11If they say, “Come with us;
Let us lie in wait to shed blood,
Let us ambush the innocent without cause;
12Let us swallow them alive like Sheol (the place of the dead),
Even whole, as those who go down to the pit [of death];
13We will find and take all kinds of precious possessions,
We will fill our houses with spoil;
14Throw in your lot with us [they insist];
We will all have one money bag [in common],”
15My son, do not walk on the road with them;
Keep your foot [far] away from their path,
16For their feet run to evil,
And they hurry to shed blood.
17Indeed, it is useless to spread the baited net
In the sight of any bird;
18But [when these people set a trap for others] they lie in wait for their own blood;
They set an ambush for their own lives [and rush to their destruction].
19So are the ways of everyone who is greedy for gain;
Greed takes away the lives of its possessors.
20 # Wisdom is personified as a woman in vv 20-33 and speaks, in the first person, of godly wisdom. Read the word “wisdom” as “the wisdom of God” and see the wonderful power of this book. Wisdom shouts in the street,
She raises her voice in the markets;
21She calls out at the head of the noisy streets [where large crowds gather];
At the entrance of the city gates she speaks her words:
22“How long, O naive ones [you who are easily misled], will you love being simple-minded and undiscerning?
How long will scoffers [who ridicule and deride] delight in scoffing,
How long will fools [who obstinately mock truth] hate knowledge?
23If you will turn and pay attention to my rebuke,
Behold, I [Wisdom] will pour out my spirit on you;
I will make my words known to you.
24Because I called and you refused [to answer],
I stretched out my hand and no one has paid attention [to my offer];
25And you treated all my counsel as nothing
And would not accept my reprimand,
26I also will laugh at your disaster;
I will mock when your dread and panic come,
27When your dread and panic come like a storm,
And your disaster comes like a whirlwind,
When anxiety and distress come upon you [as retribution].
28Then they will call upon me (Wisdom), but I will not answer;
They will seek me eagerly but they will not find me,
29Because they hated knowledge
And did not choose the fear of the Lord [that is, obeying Him with reverence and awe-filled respect],
30They would not accept my counsel,
And they spurned all my rebuke.
31Therefore they shall eat of the fruit of their own [wicked] way
And be satiated with [the penalty of] their own devices.
32For the turning away of the #Lit simple ones.naive will kill them,
And the careless ease of [self-righteous] fools will destroy them.
33But whoever listens to me (Wisdom) will live securely and in confident trust
And will be at ease, without fear or dread of evil.”