The Covenant at Shechem
1Then Joshua gathered all the tribes of Israel to #Gen. 35:4Shechem and #Josh. 23:2called for the elders of Israel, for their heads, for their judges, and for their officers; and they #1 Sam. 10:19presented themselves before God. 2And Joshua said to all the people, “Thus says the Lord God of Israel: #Gen. 11:7–32‘Your fathers, including Terah, the father of Abraham and the father of Nahor, dwelt on the other side of the River in old times; and #Josh. 24:14they served other gods. 3#Gen. 12:1; Acts 7:2, 3Then I took your father Abraham from the other side of the River, led him throughout all the land of Canaan, and multiplied his descendants and #Gen. 21:1–8; (Ps. 127:3)gave him Isaac. 4To Isaac I gave #Gen. 25:24–26Jacob and Esau. To #Gen. 36:8; Deut. 2:5Esau I gave the mountains of Seir to possess, #Gen. 46:1, 3, 6but Jacob and his children went down to Egypt. 5#Ex. 3:10Also I sent Moses and Aaron, and #Ex. 7—10I plagued Egypt, according to what I did among them. Afterward I brought you out.
6‘Then I #Ex. 12:37, 51; 14:2–31brought your fathers out of Egypt, and you came to the sea; and the Egyptians pursued your fathers with chariots and horsemen to the Red Sea. 7So they cried out to the Lord; and He put #Ex. 14:20darkness between you and the Egyptians, brought the sea upon them, and covered them. And #Deut. 4:34your eyes saw what I did in Egypt. Then you dwelt in the wilderness #Josh. 5:6a long time. 8And I brought you into the land of the Amorites, who dwelt on the other side of the Jordan, #Num. 21:21–35and they fought with you. But I gave them into your hand, that you might possess their land, and I destroyed them from before you. 9Then #Judg. 11:25Balak the son of Zippor, king of Moab, arose to make war against Israel, and #Num. 22:2–14sent and called Balaam the son of Beor to curse you. 10#Deut. 23:5But I would not listen to Balaam; #Num. 23:11, 20; 24:10therefore he continued to bless you. So I delivered you out of his hand. 11Then #Josh. 3:14, 17you went over the Jordan and came to Jericho. And #Josh. 6:1; 10:1the men of Jericho fought against you—also the Amorites, the Perizzites, the Canaanites, the Hittites, the Girgashites, the Hivites, and the Jebusites. But I delivered them into your hand. 12#Ex. 23:28; Deut. 7:20I sent the hornet before you which drove them out from before you, also the two kings of the Amorites, but #Ps. 44:3not with your sword or with your bow. 13I have given you a land for which you did not labor, and #Deut. 6:10, 11cities which you did not build, and you dwell in them; you eat of the vineyards and olive groves which you did not plant.’
14#Deut. 10:12, 13; 1 Sam. 12:24“Now therefore, fear the Lord, serve Him in #2 Cor. 1:12sincerity and in truth, and #Josh. 24:2, 23; Ezek. 20:18put away the gods which your fathers served on the other side of the River and #Ezek. 20:7, 8in Egypt. Serve the Lord! 15And if it seems evil to you to serve the Lord, #Ruth 1:15; 1 Kin. 18:21choose for yourselves this day whom you will serve, whether #Josh. 24:2; Ezek. 20:39the gods which your fathers served that were on the other side of the River, or #Ex. 23:24, 32the gods of the Amorites, in whose land you dwell. #Gen. 18:19; Ps. 101:2; (1 Tim. 3:4, 5)But as for me and my house, we will serve the Lord.”
16So the people answered and said: “Far be it from us that we should forsake the Lord to serve other gods; 17for the Lord our God is He who brought us and our fathers up out of the land of Egypt, from the house of bondage, who did those great signs in our sight, and preserved us in all the way that we went and among all the people through whom we passed. 18And the Lord drove out from before us all the people, including the Amorites who dwelt in the land. #Ps. 116:16We also will serve the Lord, for He is our God.”
19But Joshua said to the people, #Matt. 6:24“You cannot serve the Lord, for He is a #Lev. 11:44, 45; 1 Sam. 6:20holy God. He is #Ex. 20:5a jealous God; #Ex. 23:21He will not forgive your transgressions nor your sins. 20#1 Chr. 28:9; Ezra 8:22; Is. 1:28; 63:10; 65:11, 12; Jer. 17:13If you forsake the Lord and serve foreign gods, #Deut. 4:24–26; Josh. 23:15then He will turn and do you harm and consume you, after He has done you good.”
21And the people said to Joshua, “No, but we will serve the Lord!”
22So Joshua said to the people, “You are witnesses against yourselves that #Ps. 119:173you have chosen the Lord for yourselves, to serve Him.”
And they said, “We are witnesses!”
23“Now therefore,” he said, #Gen. 35:2; Josh. 24:14; Judg. 10:15, 16; 1 Sam. 7:3“put away the foreign gods which are among you, and #1 Kin. 8:57, 58; Ps. 119:36; 141:4incline your heart to the Lord God of Israel.”
24And the people #Ex. 19:8; 24:3, 7; Deut. 5:24–27said to Joshua, “The Lord our God we will serve, and His voice we will obey!”
25So Joshua #Ex. 15:25made a covenant with the people that day, and made for them a statute and an ordinance #Josh. 24:1in Shechem.
26Then Joshua #Deut. 31:24wrote these words in the Book of the Law of God. And he took #Judg. 9:6a large stone, and #Gen. 28:18set it up there #Gen. 35:4under the oak that was by the sanctuary of the Lord. 27And Joshua said to all the people, “Behold, this stone shall be #Gen. 31:48a witness to us, for #Deut. 32:1it has heard all the words of the Lord which He spoke to us. It shall therefore be a witness to you, lest you deny your God.” 28So #Judg. 2:6, 7Joshua let the people depart, each to his own inheritance.
Death of Joshua and Eleazar
29#Judg. 2:8Now it came to pass after these things that Joshua the son of Nun, the servant of the Lord, died, being one hundred and ten years old. 30And they buried him within the border of his inheritance at #Josh. 19:50; Judg. 2:9Timnath Serah, which is in the mountains of Ephraim, on the north side of Mount Gaash.
31#Judg. 2:7Israel served the Lord all the days of Joshua, and all the days of the elders who outlived Joshua, who had #Deut. 11:2known all the works of the Lord which He had done for Israel.
32#Gen. 50:25; Ex. 13:19; Heb. 11:22The bones of Joseph, which the children of Israel had brought up out of Egypt, they buried at Shechem, in the plot of ground #Gen. 33:19; John 4:5which Jacob had bought from the sons of Hamor the father of Shechem for one hundred pieces of silver, and which had become an inheritance of the children of Joseph.
33And #Ex. 28:1; Num. 20:28; Josh. 14:1Eleazar the son of Aaron died. They buried him in a hill belonging to #Ex. 6:25Phinehas his son, which was given to him in the mountains of Ephraim.