1Peter, # Lk 6:14; Ac 10:32 an apostle of Jesus Christ:
To the temporary residents # Gn 23:4; Ps 39:12; Heb 11:9,13; 1Pt 2:11 dispersed # Jewish people scattered throughout Gentile lands who spoke Gk and were influenced by Gk culture. # Jn 7:35; Jms 1:1 in Pontus, Galatia, Cappadocia, Asia, and Bithynia, # Ac 2:9; 6:9; 16:6-7; Gl 1:2 chosen # Mt 22:14; 24:22; Ti 1:1 2according to the foreknowledge # Rm 8:29; 1Pt 1:20 of God the Father and set apart by the Spirit # 2Th 2:13 for obedience # 1Pt 1:14,22 and for sprinkling with the blood # Heb 9:12; 10:22; 12:24 of Jesus Christ.
May grace and peace be multiplied to you.
A Living Hope
3Praise the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ. # 2Co 1:3; Eph 1:3 According to His great mercy, # Gl 6:16; Ti 3:5 He has given us a new birth # Jn 1:13; 3:3,7; Jms 1:18; 1Pt 1:23 into a living hope # Ac 23:6; 1Th 1:3 through the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead # 1Co 15:20; 1Pt 3:21 4and into an inheritance that is imperishable, # Ac 20:32; Rm 8:17; Col 3:24 uncorrupted, and unfading, kept in heaven # 2Tm 4:8 for you. 5You are being protected by God’s power # Jn 10:28; Php 4:7 through faith for a salvation that is ready to be revealed in the last time. # Rm 8:18; 2Co 4:17; Heb 12:11; 1Pt 4:13; 5:1,10; Rv 15:1; 21:9 6You rejoice in this, # Or In this fact rejoice though now for a short time you have had to struggle in various trials # Jms 1:2; 1Pt 4:12 7so that the genuineness of your faith # Jms 1:3 — more valuable than gold, which perishes though refined by fire # Is 48:10; Zch 13:9; Mal 3:3; 1Co 3:13 — may result # 2Co 5:3; Php 3:9; Rv 14:5 in # Lit may be found for praise, glory, and honor # Rm 2:7,10,29; 1Co 4:5 at the revelation of Jesus Christ. # Lk 17:30 8You love Him, # 1Jn 4:20 though you have not seen # Ex 33:20; Rm 8:24 Him. And though not seeing Him now, you believe in Him and rejoice # Jn 15:11; 2Co 6:10 with inexpressible and glorious joy, 9because you are receiving the goal of your # Other mss read our, or they omit the possessive pronoun faith, the salvation of your souls. # Or your lives
10Concerning this salvation, the prophets # Lk 1:70; 10:24; 16:16,29; 18:31; 24:25,27,44 who prophesied about the grace that would come to you searched and carefully investigated. 11They inquired into what time or what circumstances # Or inquired about the person or time the Spirit of Christ # Rm 8:9 within them was indicating when He testified in advance # Mt 26:24 to the messianic sufferings # Or the sufferings of Christ # Mk 8:31; Lk 24:26; Php 3:10 and the glories # Lk 24:26 that would follow. # Lit the glories after that 12It was revealed to them that they were not serving themselves but you. These things have now been announced to you through those who preached the gospel to you # Mk 16:15; 1Co 9:14; 2Co 10:16 by the Holy Spirit sent from heaven. # Jn 14:26; 15:26; Ac 1:8; 2:2-4; 13:4 Angels desire to look into these things.
A Call to Holy Living
13Therefore, with your minds ready for action, # Lit Therefore, when you have the loins of your mind girded # Ex 12:11 be serious # 1Pt 5:8 and set your hope # Mt 12:21; Rm 8:24; 1Th 1:3 completely on the grace to be brought to you at the revelation # 1Pt 4:13; 5:4 of Jesus Christ. 14As obedient children, # Heb 2:13 do not be conformed to the desires of your former ignorance. 15But as the One who called you # Gl 1:6; 5:8; 1Th 2:12; 5:24; 1Pt 5:10 is holy, # Lk 1:49; 1Co 7:14 you also are to be holy in all your conduct; 16for it is written, Be holy, because I am holy. # Lv 11:44-45; 19:2; 20:7 # Lv 11:44-45; 19:2; 20:7
17And if you address as Father the One who judges impartially # Ac 10:34; Rm 2:11; Gl 2:6; Eph 6:9 based on each one’s work, # 1Co 3:12 you are to conduct yourselves in fear # Ac 9:31; Rm 3:18; 2Co 5:11; 7:1; Eph 5:21; Php 2:12 during the time of your temporary residence. 18For you know that you were redeemed from your empty way of life # 2Pt 3:11 inherited from the fathers, not with perishable things like silver or gold, # Is 52:3; 1Co 6:20; Ti 2:14; Heb 9:12 19but with the precious blood of Christ, # Jn 6:53; Ac 20:28; 1Co 10:16; Eph 2:13; Heb 10:19 like that of a lamb # Ex 12:5; Lv 4:32; Is 53:7; Jn 1:29 without defect or blemish. 20He was chosen # Or foreknown # Ac 2:23; Eph 1:4; 1Pt 1:2; Rv 13:8 before the foundation of the world but was revealed at the end of the times # 2Pt 3:3; Jd 18 for you 21who through Him are believers in God, # Ac 10:45; Rm 4:24; 10:9; Eph 1:1; 1Tm 4:12; 6:2 who raised Him from the dead # Ac 2:24; Rm 10:9 and gave Him glory, # Jn 17:5,24; 1Tm 3:16; Heb 2:9 so that your faith and hope are in God.
22By obedience to the truth, # Other mss add through the Spirit having purified yourselves # Or purified your souls for sincere love of the brothers, love one another # Zch 7:9; Jn 13:34; Rm 12:10; 1Th 4:9; 1Jn 4:7 earnestly # Or intensely from a pure # Other mss omit pure heart, # 1Tm 1:5 23since you have been born again # 1Pt 1:3 — not of perishable seed # 1Jn 3:9 but of imperishable — through the living and enduring word of God. # Lk 8:21; Heb 4:12 24For
All flesh is like grass,
and all its glory # 1Pt 5:4 like a flower of the grass.
The grass withers, and the flower falls,
25but the word of the Lord endures forever. # Is 40:6-8; Lk 21:33; Jms 1:10-11; 1Jn 2:17 # Is 40:6-8
And this is the word that was preached as the gospel to you.