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Numbers 5

Unclean People
1The Lord spoke to Moses, saying, 2“Command the people of Israel that they #ch. 12:14; Lev. 13:46 put out of the camp everyone who is leprous#5:2 Leprosy was a term for several skin diseases; see Leviticus 13 or has #Lev. 15:2 a discharge and everyone who is #ch. 9:6, 10; 19:11, 13; 31:19; Lev. 21:1; [Hag. 2:13]unclean through contact with the dead. 3You shall put out both male and female, putting them outside the camp, that they may not defile their camp, #See Lev. 26:11, 12in the midst of which I dwell.” 4And the people of Israel did so, and put them outside the camp; as the Lord said to Moses, so the people of Israel did.
Confession and Restitution
5And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying, 6“Speak to the people of Israel, #Lev. 6:2, 3When a man or woman commits any of the sins that people commit by breaking faith with the Lord, and that person realizes his guilt, 7#Lev. 5:5; 26:40; [Josh. 7:19] he shall confess his sin that he has committed.#5:7 Hebrew they shall confess their sin that they have committed #Lev. 6:5And he shall make full restitution for his wrong, adding a fifth to it and giving it to him to whom he did the wrong. 8But if the man has no next of kin to whom restitution may be made for the wrong, the restitution for wrong shall go to the Lord for the priest, in addition to #Lev. 6:6, 7the ram of atonement with which atonement is made for him. 9And #ch. 18:19; Ex. 29:28; Lev. 6:17, 18; 7:6, 7, 9, 10, 14; Deut. 18:3, 4every contribution, all the holy donations of the people of Israel, which they bring to the priest, shall be his. 10Each one shall keep his holy donations: whatever anyone gives to the priest shall be his.”
A Test for Adultery
11And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying, 12“Speak to the people of Israel, If any man’s wife goes astray and breaks faith with him, 13if a man #Lev. 18:20 lies with her sexually, and it is hidden from the eyes of her husband, and she is undetected though she has defiled herself, and there is no witness against her, #John 8:4since she was not taken in the act, 14and if the spirit of jealousy comes over him and he is jealous of his wife who has defiled herself, or if the spirit of jealousy comes over him and he is jealous of his wife, though she has not defiled herself, 15then the man shall bring his wife to the priest and bring the offering required of her, a tenth of an ephah#5:15 An ephah was about 3/5 bushel or 22 liters of barley flour. #[Lev. 2:1, 15; 5:11] He shall pour no oil on it and put no frankincense on it, for it is a grain offering of jealousy, a grain offering of remembrance, #1 Kgs. 17:18; Ezek. 29:16bringing iniquity to remembrance.
16“And the priest shall bring her near and set her before the Lord. 17And the priest shall take holy water in an earthenware vessel and take some of the dust that is on the floor of the tabernacle and put it into the water. 18And the priest shall set the woman before the Lord and #[1 Cor. 11:5-7]unbind the hair of the woman’s head and place in her hands the grain offering of remembrance, which is the grain offering of jealousy. And in his hand the priest shall have the water of bitterness that brings the curse. 19Then the priest shall make her take an oath, saying, ‘If no man has lain with you, and if you have not turned aside to uncleanness while you were under your husband’s authority, be free from this water of bitterness that brings the curse. 20But if you have gone astray, though you are under your husband’s authority, and if you have defiled yourself, and some man other than your husband has lain with you, 21then’ (let the priest make the woman take the oath of the curse, and say to the woman) #[Jer. 29:22]‘the Lord make you a curse and an oath among your people, when the Lord makes your thigh fall away and your body swell. 22May this water that brings the curse #Ps. 109:18 pass into your bowels and make your womb swell and your thigh fall away.’ And the woman shall say, #See Deut. 27:15-26‘Amen, Amen.’
23“Then the priest shall write these curses in a book and wash them off into the water of bitterness. 24And he shall make the woman drink the water of bitterness that brings the curse, and the water that brings the curse shall enter into her and cause bitter pain. 25And the priest shall take the grain offering of jealousy out of the woman’s hand #[Lev. 8:27]and shall wave the grain offering before the Lord and bring it to the altar. 26And the priest #Lev. 2:2, 9; 5:12shall take a handful of the grain offering, as its memorial portion, and burn it on the altar, and afterward shall make the woman drink the water. 27And when he has made her drink the water, then, if she has defiled herself and has broken faith with her husband, the water that brings the curse shall enter into her and cause bitter pain, and her womb shall swell, and her thigh shall fall away, and the woman #Deut. 28:37; Jer. 24:9; 29:18, 22; 42:18; 44:12; Zech. 8:13shall become a curse among her people. 28But if the woman has not defiled herself and is clean, then she shall be free and shall conceive children.
29“This is the law in cases of jealousy, when a wife, #ver. 19, 20though under her husband’s authority, goes astray and defiles herself, 30or when the spirit of jealousy comes over a man and he is jealous of his wife. Then he shall set the woman before the Lord, and the priest shall carry out for her all this law. 31The man shall be free from iniquity, but the woman #Lev. 20:17, 19, 20shall bear her iniquity.”

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