Judgment on the Nations
1Draw near, #Ps. 49:1; [Joel 3:1, 2]O nations, to hear,
and give attention, O peoples!
Let the earth hear, and all that fills it;
the world, and all that comes from it.
2For the Lord is enraged against all the nations,
and furious against all their host;
he has #[Josh. 6:21]devoted them to destruction,#34:2 That is, set apart (devoted) as an offering to the Lord (for destruction); also verse 5 has given them over for slaughter.
3Their slain shall be cast out,
and #Joel 2:20 the stench of their corpses shall rise;
# [Ezek. 39:4] the mountains shall flow with their blood.
Joel 2:31; 3:15; Matt. 24:29; Acts 2:20; Rev. 6:13, 14; [Ps. 102:26; Heb. 1:11] All the host of heaven shall rot away,
and the skies roll up like a scroll.
All their host shall fall,
as leaves fall from the vine,
like leaves falling from the fig tree.
5For my sword has drunk its fill in the heavens;
behold, it descends for judgment upon #See ch. 63:1-6; Jer. 49:7-22; Obad. 1-21; Mal. 1:2-4 Edom,
upon the people #[ver. 2]I have devoted to destruction.
6The Lord has a sword; it is sated with blood;
it is gorged with fat,
with the blood of lambs and goats,
with the fat of the kidneys of rams.
# ch. 63:1 For the Lord has a sacrifice in Bozrah,
a great slaughter in the land of Edom.
Num. 23:22 Wild oxen shall #ch. 47:1 fall with them,
and #Ps. 22:12young steers with #Ps. 22:12the mighty bulls.
Their land shall drink its fill of blood,
and their soil shall be gorged with fat.
8 # ch. 61:2; 63:4; Ps. 137:7 For the Lord has a day of vengeance,
a year of recompense for the cause of Zion.
And the streams of Edom#34:9 Hebrew her streams shall be turned into pitch,
and her soil into sulfur;
her land shall become burning pitch.
10Night and day #ch. 66:24 it shall not be quenched;
# [Rev. 14:11; 18:18; 19:3] its smoke shall go up forever.
From generation to generation it shall lie waste;
none shall pass through it forever and ever.
11 # ch. 14:23; Zeph. 2:14; [Rev. 18:2] But the hawk and the porcupine#34:11 The identity of the animals rendered hawk and porcupine is uncertain shall possess it,
the owl and the raven shall dwell in it.
2 Kgs. 21:13; Lam. 2:8; See Amos 7:7-9 He shall stretch the line of #[ch. 24:10]confusion#34:11 Hebrew formlessness over it,
and the plumb line of emptiness.
12Its nobles—there is no one there to call it a kingdom,
and all its princes shall be nothing.
13 # See ch. 32:13 Thorns shall grow over its strongholds,
nettles and thistles in its fortresses.
It shall be the haunt of #ch. 13:22; Ps. 44:19; Mal. 1:3jackals,
an abode for ostriches.#34:13 Or owls
14 # See ch. 13:21 And wild animals shall meet with hyenas;
the wild goat shall cry to his fellow;
indeed, there the night bird#34:14 Identity uncertain settles
and finds for herself a resting place.
15There the owl nests and lays
and hatches and gathers her young in her shadow;
indeed, there #Deut. 14:13the hawks are gathered,
each one with her mate.
16Seek and read from the book of the Lord:
Not one of these shall be missing;
none shall be without her mate.
For the mouth of the Lord has commanded,
and his Spirit has gathered them.
17 # [Ps. 78:55] He has cast the lot for them;
his hand has portioned it out to them with the line;
they shall possess it forever;
from generation to generation they shall dwell in it.