The Gate for the Prince
1Then he brought me #[ch. 43:5] back to the outer gate of the sanctuary, #See ch. 43:1which faces east. And it was shut. 2And the Lord said to me, “This gate shall remain shut; it shall not be opened, and no one shall enter by it, for #[ch. 43:4]the Lord, the God of Israel, has entered by it. Therefore it shall remain shut. 3Only #ch. 34:24; 37:25; 45:7; 46:2 the prince may sit in it #[Gen. 31:54] to eat bread before the Lord. He #ch. 46:2, 12shall enter by way of the vestibule of the gate, and shall go out by the same way.”
4Then he brought me by way of #ch. 40:20 the north gate to the front of the temple, and I looked, and behold, #See ch. 43:5 the glory of the Lord filled the temple of the Lord. And #See ch. 1:28I fell on my face. 5And the Lord said to me, #See ch. 2:1 “Son of man, mark well, #ch. 40:4 see with your eyes, #ch. 40:4 and hear with your ears all that I shall tell you concerning #[ch. 43:11]all the statutes of the temple of the Lord and all its laws. And mark well #[ch. 43:11]the entrance to the temple and all the exits from the sanctuary. 6And say to #See ch. 2:3 the rebellious house,#44:6 Septuagint; Hebrew lacks house to the #ch. 40:4 house of Israel, Thus says the Lord God: O house of Israel, #ch. 45:9; [1 Pet. 4:3]enough of all your abominations, 7in #[ver. 9; Neh. 7:64, 65; Acts 21:28] admitting foreigners, #[Jer. 9:26; Acts 7:51] uncircumcised in heart and flesh, to be in my sanctuary, #ch. 23:39profaning my temple, when you offer to me my food, the fat and the blood. You#44:7 Septuagint, Syriac, Vulgate; Hebrew They have broken my covenant, in addition to all your abominations. 8And #[ch. 22:26]you have not kept charge of my holy things, but you have set others to keep my charge for you in my sanctuary.
9“Thus says the Lord God: #[ver. 7]No foreigner, uncircumcised in heart and flesh, of all the foreigners who are among the people of Israel, shall enter my sanctuary. 10But #[ver. 15; ch. 48:11] the Levites who went far from me, going astray from me after their idols #ch. 48:11 when Israel went astray, #See ch. 4:4shall bear their punishment.#44:10 Or iniquity; also verse 12 11They shall be #ch. 46:24 ministers in my sanctuary, having oversight #[1 Chr. 26:1] at the gates of the temple and ministering in the temple. They shall slaughter the burnt offering and the sacrifice for the people, and #Num. 16:9they shall stand before the people, to minister to them. 12Because they ministered to them before their idols and became #ch. 7:19; 14:3, 4, 7; [Mal. 2:8] a stumbling block of iniquity to the house of Israel, therefore I have #Ps. 106:26sworn concerning them, declares the Lord God, and they shall bear their punishment. 13They #Num. 18:3; 2 Kgs. 23:9 shall not come near to me, to serve me as priest, nor come near any of my holy things and the things that are most holy, but #See ch. 32:24they shall bear their shame and the abominations that they have committed. 14Yet I will appoint them to keep #See ch. 40:45 charge of the temple, #1 Chr. 23:28, 32to do all its service and all that is to be done in it.
Rules for Levitical Priests
15“But #See ch. 43:19 the Levitical priests, #See ch. 43:19 the sons of Zadok, who kept #[See ver. 14 above] the charge of my sanctuary #[See ver. 10 above] when the people of Israel went astray from me, shall come near to me #[ver. 11; Deut. 10:8] to minister to me. And they shall stand before me to offer me #[ver. 7]the fat and the blood, declares the Lord God. 16They shall enter my sanctuary, and they shall approach #See ch. 41:22my table, to minister to me, and they shall keep my charge. 17When they enter the gates of the inner court, they shall wear #Ex. 28:39; 39:27linen garments. They shall have nothing of wool on them, while they minister at the gates of the inner court, and within. 18They shall have linen turbans on their heads, and linen undergarments around their waists. They shall not bind themselves with anything that causes sweat. 19And when they go out into the outer court to the people, they shall put off the garments in which they have been ministering #ch. 42:14 and lay them in the holy chambers. And #Lev. 6:11 they shall put on other garments, #[ch. 46:20; Ex. 29:37; 30:29; Lev. 6:27]lest they transmit holiness to the people with their garments. 20#Lev. 21:5; [ch. 5:1] They shall not shave their heads or #[Num. 6:5]let their locks grow long; they shall surely trim the hair of their heads. 21#Lev. 10:9No priest shall drink wine when he enters the inner court. 22#Lev. 21:7, 13, 14They shall not marry a widow or a divorced woman, but only virgins of the offspring of the house of Israel, or a widow who is the widow of a priest. 23#[ch. 22:26]; See Lev. 10:10, 11They shall teach my people the difference between the holy and the common, and #[ch. 22:26]; See Lev. 10:10, 11show them how to distinguish between the unclean and the clean. 24#Deut. 17:8, 9; [2 Chr. 19:8] In a dispute, they shall act as judges, and they shall judge it according to my judgments. They shall keep my laws and my statutes in all my appointed feasts, and #[ch. 22:26]they shall keep my Sabbaths holy. 25#See Lev. 21:1-3They shall not defile themselves by going near to a dead person. However, for father or mother, for son or daughter, for brother or unmarried sister they may defile themselves. 26#Num. 19:11, 12After he#44:26 That is, a priest has become clean, they shall count seven days for him. 27And on the day that he goes into the Holy Place, #ver. 17, 21 into the inner court, to minister in the Holy Place, #ch. 40:39; 42:13; Lev. 4:2, 3he shall offer his sin offering, declares the Lord God.
28 # See Num. 18:20 “This shall be their inheritance: I am their inheritance: and #[ch. 45:4, 5]you shall give them no possession in Israel; I am their possession. 29#See Lev. 6:14-18, 25-29; 7:1-6 They shall eat the grain offering, the sin offering, and the guilt offering, and #Lev. 27:21, 28; Num. 18:14every devoted thing in Israel shall be theirs. 30#See Ex. 23:19 And the first of all the firstfruits of all kinds, and every offering of all kinds from all your offerings, shall belong to the priests. #See Num. 15:20 You shall also give to the priests the first of your dough, #Mal. 3:10that a blessing may rest on your house. 31#Lev. 22:8; [Ex. 22:31]; See Lev. 7:24 The priests shall not eat of #ch. 4:14anything, whether bird or beast, that has died of itself or is torn by wild animals.
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