Exodus 34
ESV

Exodus 34

34
Moses Makes New Tablets
1The Lord said to Moses, #Deut. 10:1 “Cut for yourself two tablets of stone like the first, #ver. 28; Deut. 10:2, 4 and I will write on the tablets the words that were on the first tablets, #ch. 32:19which you broke. 2Be ready by the morning, and come up in the morning to Mount Sinai, and present yourself there to me #ch. 19:20on the top of the mountain. 3No #ch. 19:12, 13, 21one shall come up with you, and let no one be seen throughout all the mountain. Let no flocks or herds graze opposite that mountain.” 4So Moses cut two tablets of stone like the first. And he rose early in the morning and went up on Mount Sinai, as the Lord had commanded him, and took in his hand two tablets of stone. 5The Lord #Num. 11:25; [1 Kgs. 8:10, 11] descended in the cloud and stood with him there, and #ch. 33:19proclaimed the name of the Lord. 6The Lord passed before him and proclaimed, #Num. 14:18; 2 Chr. 30:9; Neh. 9:17; Ps. 86:15; 103:8; 111:4; 112:4; 116:5; 145:8; Joel 2:13 “The Lord, the Lord, a God merciful and #ch. 22:27 gracious, slow to anger, and abounding in steadfast #Ps. 57:10; 108:4love and faithfulness, 7#ch. 20:5, 6; Deut. 5:10; Jer. 32:18; Dan. 9:4 keeping steadfast love for thousands,#34:7 Or to the thousandth generation #Ps. 103:3; 130:4; Dan. 9:9; 1 John 1:9 forgiving iniquity and transgression and sin, but #ch. 23:21; Josh. 24:19; Job 10:14; Nah. 1:3 who will by no means clear the guilty, #Deut. 5:9visiting the iniquity of the fathers on the children and the children’s children, to the third and the fourth generation.” 8And Moses quickly #ch. 4:31; 12:27bowed his head toward the earth and worshiped. 9And he said, “If now I have found favor in your sight, O Lord, please #ch. 33:15, 16 let the Lord go in the midst of us, for #See ch. 32:9 it is a stiff-necked people, and pardon our iniquity and our sin, and take us for #Deut. 32:9; Ps. 28:9; 33:12; 78:62; 94:14; Jer. 10:16; Zech. 2:12your inheritance.”
The Covenant Renewed
10And he said, “Behold, #ver. 27; Deut. 5:2; 29:1 I am making a covenant. Before all your people #Deut. 4:32-35; Josh. 6:20; 10:12, 13; 2 Sam. 7:23; Ps. 77:14; 78:12 I will do marvels, such as have not been created in all the earth or in any nation. And all the people among whom you are shall see the work of the Lord, for it is an #Deut. 10:21; Ps. 145:6; [Isa. 64:3]awesome thing that I will do with you.
11“Observe what I command you this day. Behold, #See ch. 13:5I will drive out before you the Amorites, the Canaanites, the Hittites, the Perizzites, the Hivites, and the Jebusites. 12#ch. 23:32; Deut. 7:2; Josh. 23:12, 13; Judg. 2:2 Take care, lest you make a covenant with the inhabitants of the land to which you go, lest it become a #See ch. 23:33snare in your midst. 13You shall #Deut. 7:5; 12:3; Judg. 2:2; 6:25; 2 Chr. 34:3, 4 tear down their altars and #ch. 23:24; 2 Kgs. 18:4; 23:14; 2 Chr. 31:1 break their pillars and cut down their #See Deut. 16:21Asherim 14(for #ch. 20:3, 5you shall worship no other god, for the Lord, whose name is Jealous, is a jealous God), 15#[See ver. 12 above] lest you make a covenant with the inhabitants of the land, and when they #Lev. 17:7; 20:5; Deut. 31:16; Judg. 2:17; Jer. 3:9; Ezek. 6:9 whore after their gods and sacrifice to their gods and #Num. 25:2; Ps. 106:28; [1 Cor. 8:4, 7, 10; 10:27]you are invited, you eat of his sacrifice, 16and you take of #Deut. 7:3, 4; 1 Kgs. 11:2; Ezra 9:2; Neh. 13:25 their daughters for your sons, and their daughters #[See ver. 15 above]whore after their gods and make your sons whore after their gods.
17 # Lev. 19:4; Deut. 27:15; [ch. 32:4, 8] “You shall not make for yourself any gods of cast metal.
18 # See ch. 12:15 “You shall keep the Feast of Unleavened Bread. Seven days you shall eat unleavened bread, as I commanded you, at the time appointed in #ch. 13:4the month Abib, for in the month Abib you came out from Egypt. 19#See ch. 13:2All that open the womb are mine, all your male#34:19 Septuagint, Theodotion, Vulgate, Targum; the meaning of the Hebrew is uncertain livestock, the firstborn of cow and sheep. 20The #ch. 13:13; Num. 18:15 firstborn of a donkey you shall redeem with a lamb, or if you will not redeem it you shall break its neck. All the firstborn of your sons you shall redeem. And #ch. 23:15; Deut. 16:16none shall appear before me empty-handed.
21 # See ch. 20:9 “Six days you shall work, but on the seventh day you shall rest. In plowing time and in harvest you shall rest. 22#ch. 23:16; Deut. 16:10, 13You shall observe the Feast of Weeks, the firstfruits of wheat harvest, and the Feast of Ingathering at the year’s end. 23#ch. 23:14, 17; Deut. 16:16Three times in the year shall all your males appear before the Lord God, the God of Israel. 24For I will #ch. 33:2; Deut. 7:1; Ps. 78:55; 80:8; See ch. 23:27-31 cast out nations before you and #Deut. 12:20; 19:8 enlarge your borders; #[Prov. 16:7]no one shall covet your land, when you go up to appear before the Lord your God three times in the year.
25 # See ch. 12:8 “You shall not offer the blood of my sacrifice with anything leavened, #See ch. 12:10or let the sacrifice of the Feast of the Passover remain until the morning. 26#See ch. 23:19 The best of the firstfruits of your ground you shall bring to the house of the Lord your God. #Deut. 14:21You shall not boil a young goat in its mother’s milk.”
27And the Lord said to Moses, “Write these words, for in accordance with these words #ver. 10I have made a covenant with you and with Israel.” 28#See ch. 24:18 So he was there with the Lord forty days and forty nights. He neither ate bread nor drank water. And he #[ver. 1; ch. 31:18; 32:16; Deut. 4:13; 10:2, 4]wrote on the tablets the words of the covenant, the Ten Commandments.#34:28 Hebrew the ten words
The Shining Face of Moses
29When Moses came down from Mount Sinai, with #ch. 32:15 the two tablets of the testimony in his hand as he came down from the mountain, Moses did not know that the skin of his face #2 Cor. 3:7; [Matt. 17:2]shone because he had been talking with God.#34:29 Hebrew him 30Aaron and all the people of Israel saw Moses, and behold, the skin of his face #ver. 29shone, and they were afraid to come near him. 31But Moses called to them, and Aaron and all the leaders of the congregation returned to him, and Moses talked with them. 32Afterward all the people of Israel came near, and he #ch. 24:3commanded them all that the Lord had spoken with him in Mount Sinai. 33And when Moses had finished speaking with them, he put a #2 Cor. 3:13veil over his face.
34Whenever Moses #2 Cor. 3:16went in before the Lord to speak with him, he would remove the veil, until he came out. And when he came out and told the people of Israel what he was commanded, 35the people of Israel would see the face of Moses, that the skin of Moses’ face was #ver. 29shining. And Moses would put the veil over his face again, until he went in to speak with him.

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