1 # 5:1 Ch 4:17 in Hebrew #[Ex. 3:5; Isa. 1:12] Guard your steps when you go to #[Gen. 28:17] the house of God. To draw near to listen is better than to #Prov. 15:8; See 1 Sam. 15:22offer the sacrifice of fools, for they do not know that they are doing evil. 2#5:2 Ch 5:1 in Hebrew Be not rash with your mouth, nor let your heart be hasty to utter a word before God, for God is in heaven and you are on earth. Therefore #[Matt. 6:7]let your words be few. 3For a dream comes with much business, and a fool’s voice with #Prov. 10:19; [Job 11:2]many words.
4When #Num. 30:2 you vow a vow to God, #Deut. 23:21; Ps. 50:14; 76:11 do not delay paying it, for he has no pleasure in fools. #[Ps. 66:13, 14]Pay what you vow. 5#[Prov. 20:25; Acts 5:4]It is better that you should not vow than that you should vow and not pay. 6Let not your mouth lead you#5:6 Hebrew your flesh into sin, and do not say before #[1 Cor. 11:10] the messenger#5:6 Or angel that it was #ch. 10:5; Num. 15:25, 26a mistake. Why should God be angry at your voice and destroy the work of your hands? 7For when dreams increase and words grow many, there is vanity;#5:7 The Hebrew term hebel can refer to a “vapor” or “mere breath”; also verse 10 (see note on 1:2) but#5:7 Or For when dreams and vanities increase, words also grow many; but #ch. 12:13God is the one you must fear.
The Vanity of Wealth and Honor
8 # ch. 3:16; 4:1 If you see in a province the oppression of the poor and the violation of justice and righteousness, #[1 Pet. 4:12] do not be amazed at the matter, #[Ps. 12:5; 58:11; 82:1]for the high official is watched by a higher, and there are yet higher ones over them. 9But this is gain for a land in every way: a king committed to cultivated fields.#5:9 The meaning of the Hebrew verse is uncertain
10He who loves money will not be satisfied with money, nor he who loves wealth with his income; this also is vanity. 11When goods increase, they increase who eat them, and what advantage has their owner but to see them with his eyes? 12Sweet is the sleep of a laborer, whether he eats little or much, but the full stomach of the rich will not let him sleep.
13 # ch. 6:1 There is a grievous evil that I have seen under the sun: riches were kept by their owner to his hurt, 14and those riches were lost in a bad venture. And he is father of a son, but he has nothing in his hand. 15#See Job 1:21As he came from his mother’s womb he shall go again, naked as he came, and shall take nothing for his toil that he may carry away in his hand. 16This also is a grievous evil: just as he came, so shall he go, and what #See ch. 1:3 gain is there to him who #[Prov. 11:29]toils for the wind? 17Moreover, all his days he #[Ps. 127:2]eats in darkness in much vexation and sickness and anger.
18Behold, what I have seen to be #See ch. 2:24 good and fitting is to eat and drink and find enjoyment#5:18 Or and see good in all the toil with which one toils under the sun the few days of his life that God has given him, for this is his #See ch. 2:10lot. 19Everyone also to whom #ch. 6:2; [ch. 2:24] God has given #2 Chr. 1:11 wealth and possessions #[ch. 6:2] and power to enjoy them, and to accept his lot and rejoice in his toil—this is #See ch. 3:13the gift of God. 20For he will not much remember the days of his life because God keeps him occupied with joy in his heart.