The Greatest Commandment
1“Now this is #ch. 4:1; 5:31; 12:1the commandment—the statutes and the rules#6:1 Or just decrees; also verse 20—that the Lord your God commanded me to teach you, that you may do them in the land to which you are going over, to possess it, 2that #ch. 5:29; 10:12, 20; 13:4; Ps. 128:1; Eccles. 12:13 you may fear the Lord your God, you and your son and your son’s son, by keeping all his statutes and his commandments, which I command you, all the days of your life, and #See ch. 4:40that your days may be long. 3Hear therefore, O Israel, and be careful to do them, that it may go well with you, and that you may multiply greatly, #Gen. 15:5; 22:17; 26:4; 28:14; Ex. 32:13as the Lord, the God of your fathers, has promised you, in a land flowing with milk and honey.
4“Hear, O Israel: #Cited Mark 12:29; [Isa. 42:8; Zech. 14:9; John 17:3; 1 Cor. 8:4, 6]The Lord our God, the Lord is one.#6:4 Or The Lord our God is one Lord; or The Lord is our God, the Lord is one; or The Lord is our God, the Lord alone 5You #Cited Matt. 22:37; Mark 12:30; Luke 10:27; [2 Kgs. 23:25]shall love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your might. 6And #ch. 11:18; 32:46; Ps. 37:31; Isa. 51:7; Jer. 31:33these words that I command you today shall be on your heart. 7#See ch. 4:9You shall teach them diligently to your children, and shall talk of them when you sit in your house, and when you walk by the way, and when you lie down, and when you rise. 8#ch. 11:18; Prov. 3:3; 6:21; 7:3; See Ex. 13:9You shall bind them as a sign on your hand, and they shall be as frontlets between your eyes. 9#ch. 11:20; [Isa. 57:8]You shall write them on the doorposts of your house and on your gates.
10“And when the Lord your God brings you into the land that he swore to your fathers, to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob, to give you—with great and good cities #Josh. 24:13; [Josh. 11:13; Neh. 9:25; Ps. 105:44]that you did not build, 11and houses full of all good things that you did not fill, and cisterns that you did not dig, and vineyards and olive trees that you did not plant—and when you eat and are full, 12#[Prov. 30:8, 9]then take care lest you forget the Lord, who brought you out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of slavery. 13It is #Cited Matt. 4:10; Luke 4:8 the Lord your God you shall fear. Him you shall serve and #ch. 10:20; Josh. 2:12; Ps. 63:11; Isa. 45:23; 65:16; Jer. 12:16by his name you shall swear. 14You shall not #ch. 8:19; 11:16, 28; 13:2, 3; 28:14; Jer. 25:6 go after other gods, #ch. 13:7the gods of the peoples who are around you— 15for #ch. 7:21 the Lord your God in your midst #See Ex. 20:5 is a jealous God—#ch. 7:4; 11:17lest the anger of the Lord your God be kindled against you, and he destroy you from off the face of the earth.
16 # Cited Matt. 4:7; Luke 4:12 “You shall not put the Lord your God to the test, #ch. 9:22; 33:8; Ps. 95:8; [1 Cor. 10:9]; See Ex. 17:2-7as you tested him at Massah. 17You shall #ch. 11:22; Ps. 119:4diligently keep the commandments of the Lord your God, and his testimonies and his statutes, which he has commanded you. 18#See ch. 12:25And you shall do what is right and good in the sight of the Lord, that it may go well with you, and that you may go in and take possession of the good land that the Lord swore to give to your fathers 19#Ex. 23:28-30; Num. 33:52, 53by thrusting out all your enemies from before you, as the Lord has promised.
Ex. 12:26; 13:14 “When your son asks you in time to come, ‘What is the meaning of the testimonies and the statutes and the rules that the Lord our God has commanded you?’ 21then you shall say to your son, #[Ex. 20:2]‘We were Pharaoh’s slaves in Egypt. And the Lord brought us out of Egypt with a mighty hand. 22And #Ps. 135:9; See ch. 4:34the Lord showed signs and wonders, great and grievous, against Egypt and against Pharaoh and all his household, before our eyes. 23And he brought us out from there, that he might bring us in and give us the land that he swore to give to our fathers. 24And the Lord commanded us to do all these statutes, #ver. 2, 13 to fear the Lord our God, #ch. 10:13; Jer. 32:39 for our good always, that #ch. 4:1; 8:1; [Lev. 18:5; Ps. 41:2]he might preserve us alive, as we are this day. 25And #ch. 24:13it will be righteousness for us, if we are careful to do all this commandment before the Lord our God, as he has commanded us.’