Daniel’s Prayer for His People
1 # ch. 11:1 In the first year of #See ch. 5:31 Darius the son of Ahasuerus, by descent a #[ch. 8:20] Mede, who was made king over the realm of the #ch. 5:30Chaldeans— 2in the first year of his reign, I, Daniel, perceived in the books the number of years that, according to #[Ezra 1:1; Jer. 25:12]the word of the Lord to Jeremiah the prophet, must pass before the end of the desolations of Jerusalem, namely, seventy years.
3Then I turned my face to the Lord God, seeking him by #ver. 17, 18, 23; [Neh. 1:4]prayer and pleas for mercy with fasting and sackcloth and ashes. 4I prayed to the Lord my God and #ver. 20; [Ezra 10:1; Neh. 1:6] made confession, saying, #Neh. 1:5; 9:32 “O Lord, the #Neh. 1:5; 9:32 great and awesome God, who #Deut. 7:9keeps covenant and steadfast love with those who love him and keep his commandments, 5#ver. 15 we have sinned and done wrong and acted wickedly #Lam. 3:42and rebelled, turning aside from your commandments and rules. 6#2 Chr. 36:15, 16 We have not listened to #Ezra 9:11; Zech. 1:6 your servants the prophets, who spoke in your name to #Ezra 9:7; Neh. 9:34our kings, our princes, and our fathers, and to all the people of the land. 7To you, #[ver. 14; Lam. 1:18] O Lord, belongs righteousness, but to us open shame, as at this day, to the men of Judah, to the inhabitants of Jerusalem, and to all Israel, #[Esth. 9:20] those who are near and #[Esth. 9:20] those who are far away, in #See Jer. 8:3 all the lands to which you have driven them, because of #Lev. 26:40the treachery that they have committed against you. 8To us, O Lord, belongs open shame, to our kings, to our princes, and to our fathers, because #[See ver. 5 above]we have sinned against you. 9#Neh. 9:17; Ps. 86:15To the Lord our God belong mercy and forgiveness, for we have rebelled against him 10#[See ver. 6 above] and have not obeyed the voice of the Lord our God by walking in his laws, which he set before us by #[See ver. 6 above]his servants the prophets. 11#See Isa. 1:4-6 All Israel has transgressed your law and turned aside, #[Jer. 40:3; 44:23] refusing to obey your voice. #Jer. 44:22 And the curse and oath #See Lev. 26:14-45; Deut. 28:15-68 that are written in the Law of #1 Chr. 6:49; 2 Chr. 24:9; Neh. 10:29 Moses the servant of God have been poured out upon us, because #[See ver. 5 above]we have sinned against him. 12He has confirmed his words, which he spoke against us and against #[Ps. 82:2, 3] our rulers who ruled us,#9:12 Or our judges who judged us by #Jer. 39:16 bringing upon us a great calamity. #Ezek. 5:9; [Lam. 1:12]For under the whole heaven there has not been done anything like what has been done against Jerusalem. 13#[See ver. 11 above] As it is written in the Law of Moses, all this calamity has come upon us; yet we have not entreated the favor of the Lord our God, #Hos. 7:10turning from our iniquities and gaining insight by your truth. 14#[Jer. 1:12] Therefore the Lord has kept ready the calamity and has brought it upon us, #Neh. 9:33; See ver. 7 for the Lord our God is righteous in all the works that he has done, and #ver. 10we have not obeyed his voice. 15And now, O Lord our God, who brought your people out of the land of Egypt #Ex. 32:11; [Ex. 6:1; Neh. 1:10] with a mighty hand, and #Ex. 14:18; Neh. 9:10 have made a name for yourself, as at this day, #See ver. 5we have sinned, we have done wickedly.
16“O Lord, #Ps. 31:1; 71:2 according to all your righteous acts, let your anger and your wrath turn away from your city Jerusalem, #ver. 20; ch. 11:45; Jer. 31:23; Zech. 8:3 your holy hill, #Lam. 1:5 because for our sins, and for #[Ex. 20:5] the iniquities of our fathers, #Lam. 2:15, 16 Jerusalem and your people have become #Ps. 44:13; 79:4; Ezek. 36:4; Mic. 6:16a byword among all who are around us. 17Now therefore, O our God, listen to the prayer of your servant and to his pleas for mercy, and for your own sake, O Lord,#9:17 Hebrew for the Lord’s sake #Num. 6:25 make your face to shine upon #Lam. 5:18your sanctuary, which is desolate. 18#2 Kgs. 19:16; Isa. 37:17 O my God, incline your ear and hear. Open your eyes and see #ver. 26; See ver. 27 our desolations, and #Jer. 25:29the city that is called by your name. For we do not present our pleas before you because of our righteousness, but because of your great mercy. 19O Lord, hear; O Lord, forgive. O Lord, pay attention and act. #Ps. 40:17; 70:5 Delay not, #Ps. 25:11; 79:9 for your own sake, O my God, because #[See ver. 18 above] your city and #Jer. 14:9your people are called by your name.”
Gabriel Brings an Answer
Isa. 65:24 While I was speaking and praying, confessing my sin and the sin of my people Israel, and presenting my plea before the Lord my God for #See ver. 16the holy hill of my God, 21while I was speaking in prayer, the man #See ch. 8:16 Gabriel, whom I had seen in the vision at the first, #See ch. 8:18 came to me in swift flight at #Ex. 29:39; [1 Kgs. 18:36; Ezra 9:4, 5]the time of the evening sacrifice. 22#[ch. 8:16] He made me understand, speaking with me and saying, “O Daniel, I have now come out to give you #[ch. 1:4, 17]insight and understanding. 23#[ver. 20] At the beginning of your pleas for mercy a word went out, #[ch. 10:12, 14] and I have come to tell it to you, for #ch. 10:11, 19 you are greatly loved. Therefore consider the word #[Matt. 24:15; Mark 13:14]and understand the vision.
The Seventy Weeks
24 # [Ezek. 4:6] “Seventy weeks#9:24 Or sevens; also twice in verse 25 and once in verse 26 are decreed about your people and #Neh. 11:1 your holy city, to finish #ch. 8:13 the transgression, to put an end to sin, #[Ps. 78:38; Heb. 2:17]; See Jer. 31:34 and to atone for iniquity, #Rom. 3:25, 26; See Jer. 23:5, 6 to bring in everlasting righteousness, to seal both vision and prophet, and #[Ps. 45:7; Isa. 61:1; Acts 4:26, 27]to anoint a most holy place.#9:24 Or thing, or one 25#[ver. 23] Know therefore and understand that #[2 Chr. 36:23; Ezra 1:3; 4:24; 6:15; Neh. 6:15] from the going out of the word to restore and #[Ps. 51:18] build Jerusalem to the coming of an #John 1:41 anointed one, a #Isa. 55:4 prince, there shall be seven weeks. Then for sixty-two weeks it shall be built again#9:25 Or there shall be seven weeks and sixty-two weeks. It shall be built again with squares and moat, #See Neh. 4:7, 8, 16-18but in a troubled time. 26And after the sixty-two weeks, an anointed one shall #Isa. 53:8; [Mark 9:12; Luke 24:26] be cut off and shall have nothing. And the people of the prince who is to come #[Matt. 24:2; Mark 13:2; Luke 19:43, 44] shall destroy the city and the sanctuary. #Nah. 1:8; [ch. 11:10, 22, 26, 40] Its#9:26 Or His end shall come with a flood, #Matt. 24:6, 14 and to the end there shall be war. #ver. 18; See ver. 27Desolations are decreed. 27And he shall make a strong covenant with many for one week,#9:27 Or seven; twice in this verse and for half of the week he shall put an end to sacrifice and offering. #Matt. 24:15; Mark 13:14; [Luke 21:20] And on the wing of abominations shall come one who makes desolate, until #Isa. 10:23the decreed end is poured out on the desolator.”