Abner Joins David
1There was a long war between the house of Saul and the house of David. And David grew stronger and stronger, while the house of Saul became weaker and weaker.
2 # For ver. 2-5, see 1 Chr. 3:1-4 And sons were born to David at Hebron: his firstborn was Amnon, of #1 Sam. 25:42, 43Ahinoam of Jezreel; 3and his second, Chileab, of #[See ver. 2 above] Abigail the widow of Nabal of Carmel; and the third, Absalom the son of Maacah #ch. 13:37, 38 the daughter of Talmai king of #ch. 14:32; 15:8; [1 Sam. 27:8]Geshur; 4and the fourth, #1 Kgs. 1:5Adonijah the son of Haggith; and the fifth, Shephatiah the son of Abital; 5and the sixth, Ithream, of Eglah, David’s wife. These were born to David in Hebron.
6While there was war between the house of Saul and the house of David, Abner was making himself strong in the house of Saul. 7Now Saul had a concubine whose name was #ch. 21:8-10 Rizpah, the daughter of Aiah. And Ish-bosheth said to Abner, #[ch. 16:21]“Why have you gone in to my father’s concubine?” 8Then Abner was very angry over the words of Ish-bosheth and said, “Am I #See 1 Sam. 17:43a dog’s head of Judah? To this day I keep showing steadfast love to the house of Saul your father, to his brothers, and to his friends, and have not given you into the hand of David. And yet you charge me today with a fault concerning a woman. 9#ver. 35; See Ruth 1:17 God do so to Abner and more also, if I do not accomplish for David #1 Sam. 15:28; 16:1, 12; 28:17; 1 Chr. 12:23what the Lord has sworn to him, 10to transfer the kingdom from the house of Saul and set up the throne of David over Israel and over Judah, #ch. 17:11; 24:2, 15; Judg. 20:1; 1 Sam. 3:20; 1 Kgs. 4:25from Dan to Beersheba.” 11And Ish-bosheth could not answer Abner another word, because he feared him.
12And Abner sent messengers to David on his behalf,#3:12 Or where he was; Septuagint at Hebron saying, “To whom does the land belong? Make your covenant with me, and behold, my hand shall be with you to bring over all Israel to you.” 13And he said, “Good; I will make a covenant with you. But one thing I require of you; that is, #[Gen. 43:3] you shall not see my face unless you first bring #1 Sam. 14:49Michal, Saul’s daughter, when you come to see my face.” 14Then David sent messengers to Ish-bosheth, Saul’s son, saying, “Give me my wife Michal, #1 Sam. 18:25, 27for whom I paid the bridal price of a hundred foreskins of the Philistines.” 15And Ish-bosheth sent and took her from her husband Paltiel the son of Laish. 16But her husband went with her, weeping after her all the way to #ch. 16:5; 17:18; 19:16; 1 Kgs. 2:8Bahurim. Then Abner said to him, “Go, return.” And he returned.
17And Abner conferred with the elders of Israel, saying, “For some time past you have been seeking David as king over you. 18Now then bring it about, #See ver. 9for the Lord has promised David, saying, ‘By the hand of my servant David I will save my people Israel from the hand of the Philistines, and from the hand of all their enemies.’” 19Abner also spoke to #[1 Chr. 12:29]Benjamin. And then Abner went to tell David at Hebron all that Israel and the whole house of Benjamin thought good to do.
20When Abner came with twenty men to David at Hebron, David made a feast for Abner and the men who were with him. 21And Abner said to David, “I will arise and go and #ver. 12 will gather all Israel to my lord the king, that they may make a covenant with you, and that you may #1 Kgs. 11:37reign over all that your heart desires.” So David sent Abner away, and he went in peace.
22Just then the servants of David arrived with Joab from a raid, bringing much spoil with them. But Abner was not with David at Hebron, for he had sent him away, and he had gone in peace. 23When Joab and all the army that was with him came, it was told Joab, “Abner the son of Ner came to the king, and he has let him go, and he has gone in peace.” 24Then Joab went to the king and said, “What have you done? Behold, Abner came to you. Why is it that you have sent him away, so that he is gone? 25You know that Abner the son of Ner came to deceive you and to know #See 1 Sam. 29:6your going out and your coming in, and to know all that you are doing.”
Joab Murders Abner
26When Joab came out from David’s presence, he sent messengers after Abner, and they brought him back from the cistern of Sirah. But David did not know about it. 27And when Abner returned to Hebron, Joab took him aside into the midst of the gate to speak with him privately, #1 Kgs. 2:5, 32; [ch. 20:9, 10] and there he struck him #See ch. 2:23in the stomach, so that he died, for the blood of Asahel his brother. 28Afterward, when David heard of it, he said, “I and my kingdom are forever guiltless before the Lord for the blood of Abner the son of Ner. 29#See ch. 1:16 May it fall upon the head of Joab and upon all his father’s house, and may the house of Joab never be without #Lev. 15:2 one who has a discharge or who is #Lev. 14:2leprous or who holds a spindle or who falls by the sword or who lacks bread!” 30So Joab and Abishai his brother killed Abner, because #ch. 2:23he had put their brother Asahel to death in the battle at Gibeon.
David Mourns Abner
31Then David said to Joab and to all the people who were with him, #See Josh. 7:6 “Tear your clothes and #Gen. 37:34; 1 Kgs. 20:31put on sackcloth and mourn before Abner.” And King David followed the bier. 32They buried Abner at Hebron. And the king lifted up his voice and wept at the grave of Abner, and all the people wept. 33And the king #[ch. 1:17; 2 Chr. 35:25] lamented for Abner, saying,
# [Eccles. 2:16] “Should Abner die #ch. 13:12, 13as a fool dies?
34Your hands were not bound;
your feet were not fettered;
as one falls before the wicked
you have fallen.”
And all the people wept again over him. 35Then all the people came #ch. 12:17 to persuade David to eat bread while it was yet day. But David swore, saying, #See Ruth 1:17 “God do so to me and more also, if I taste bread or anything else #[ch. 1:12]till the sun goes down!” 36And all the people took notice of it, and it pleased them, as everything that the king did pleased all the people. 37So all the people and all Israel understood that day that it had not been the king’s will to put to death Abner the son of Ner. 38And the king said to his servants, “Do you not know that a prince and a great man has fallen this day in Israel? 39And I was gentle today, though anointed king. #[ch. 16:10; 19:22] These men, the sons of Zeruiah, are more severe than I. #[Ps. 28:4; 2 Tim. 4:14]The Lord repay the evildoer according to his wickedness!”