David Avenges the Gibeonites
1Now there was a famine in the days of David for three years, year after year. And David #[Num. 27:21]sought the face of the Lord. And the Lord said, “There is bloodguilt on Saul and on his house, because he put the Gibeonites to death.” 2So the king called the Gibeonites and spoke to them. Now the Gibeonites were not of the people of Israel but #See Josh. 9:3-17of the remnant of the Amorites. Although the people of Israel had sworn to spare them, Saul had sought to strike them down in his zeal for the people of Israel and Judah. 3And David said to the Gibeonites, “What shall I do for you? And how shall I make atonement, that you may bless #See 1 Sam. 26:19the heritage of the Lord?” 4The Gibeonites said to him, “It is not a matter of silver or gold between us and Saul or his house; neither is it for us to put any man to death in Israel.” And he said, “What do you say that I shall do for you?” 5They said to the king, “The man who consumed us and planned to destroy us, so that we should have no place in all the territory of Israel, 6let seven of his sons be given to us, so that we may hang them before the Lord at #1 Sam. 10:26; 11:4 Gibeah of Saul, #1 Sam. 10:24the chosen of the Lord.” And the king said, “I will give them.”
7But the king spared Mephibosheth, the son of Saul’s son Jonathan, because of #1 Sam. 20:8, 42; 23:18the oath of the Lord that was between them, between David and Jonathan the son of Saul. 8The king took the two sons of #ch. 3:7 Rizpah the daughter of Aiah, whom she bore to Saul, Armoni and Mephibosheth; and the five sons of Merab#21:8 Two Hebrew manuscripts, Septuagint; most Hebrew manuscripts Michal the daughter of Saul, whom #[Gen. 50:23] she bore to #[1 Sam. 18:19]Adriel the son of Barzillai the Meholathite; 9and he gave them into the hands of the Gibeonites, and they hanged them on the mountain before the Lord, and the seven of them perished together. They were put to death in the first days of harvest, #Ruth 1:22at the beginning of barley harvest.
10 # [Deut. 21:23] Then Rizpah the daughter of Aiah took sackcloth and spread it for herself on the rock, from the beginning of harvest until rain fell upon them from the heavens. And she did not allow the birds of the air to come upon them by day, or the beasts of the field by night. 11When David was told what Rizpah the daughter of Aiah, the concubine of Saul, had done, 12David went and took the bones of Saul and the bones of his son Jonathan from the men of Jabesh-gilead, #1 Sam. 31:10-13; [ch. 2:4] who had stolen them from the public square of #Josh. 17:11Beth-shan, where the Philistines had hanged them, on the day the Philistines killed Saul on Gilboa. 13And he brought up from there the bones of Saul and the bones of his son Jonathan; and they gathered the bones of those who were hanged. 14And they buried the bones of Saul and his son Jonathan in the land of Benjamin in #Josh. 18:28 Zela, in the tomb of Kish his father. And they did all that the king commanded. And after that #ch. 24:25God responded to the plea for the land.
War with the Philistines
15There was war again between the Philistines and Israel, and David went down together with his servants, and they fought against the Philistines. And David grew weary. 16And Ishbi-benob, one of the descendants #ver. 18, 20, 22of the giants, whose spear weighed three hundred shekels#21:16 A shekel was about 2/5 ounce or 11 grams of bronze, and who was armed with a new sword, thought to kill David. 17But Abishai the son of Zeruiah came to his aid and attacked the Philistine and killed him. Then David’s men swore to him, #[ch. 18:3] “You shall no longer go out with us to battle, lest you quench #ch. 22:29; 1 Kgs. 11:36; 15:4; 2 Kgs. 8:19; 2 Chr. 21:7; Ps. 132:17the lamp of Israel.”
18 # For ver. 18-22, see 1 Chr. 20:4-8 After this there was again war with the Philistines at Gob. Then #1 Chr. 11:29; 27:11 Sibbecai #ch. 23:27 the Hushathite struck down Saph, who was one of the descendants #ver. 16, 20, 22of the giants. 19And there was again war with the Philistines at Gob, and #[ch. 23:24] Elhanan the son of Jaare-oregim, the Bethlehemite, struck down Goliath the Gittite, #1 Sam. 17:7; 1 Chr. 20:5the shaft of whose spear was like a weaver’s beam.#21:19 Contrast 1 Chronicles 20:5, which may preserve the original reading 20And there was again war at Gath, where there was a man of great stature, who had six fingers on each hand, and six toes on each foot, twenty-four in number, and he also was descended #ver. 16, 18from the giants. 21And when #1 Sam. 17:10, 25, 26, 36, 45he taunted Israel, Jonathan the son of Shimei, David’s brother, struck him down. 22These four were descended #[See ver. 20 above]from the giants in Gath, and they fell by the hand of David and by the hand of his servants.