Isaiah Reassures Hezekiah
1 # For ver. 1-37, see 2 Chr. 32:20-22; Isa. 37:1-38 As soon as King Hezekiah heard it, #[See ch. 18:37 above] he tore his clothes and #See 2 Sam. 3:31covered himself with sackcloth and went into the house of the Lord. 2And he sent Eliakim, who was over the household, and Shebna the secretary, and the senior priests, #[See ver. 1 above]covered with sackcloth, to the prophet Isaiah the son of Amoz. 3They said to him, “Thus says Hezekiah, This day is a day of distress, of rebuke, and of disgrace; children have come to the point of birth, and there is no strength to bring them forth. 4#[2 Sam. 16:12] It may be that the Lord your God heard all the words of the Rabshakeh, whom his master the king of Assyria has sent #ver. 16 to mock the living God, and will rebuke the words that the Lord your God has heard; therefore lift up your prayer for #[Isa. 1:9]the remnant that is left.” 5When the servants of King Hezekiah came to Isaiah, 6Isaiah said to them, “Say to your master, ‘Thus says the Lord: Do not be afraid because of the words that you have heard, with which #ch. 18:17 the servants of the king of Assyria have #See ch. 18:22-25, 30-35reviled me. 7Behold, I will put a spirit in him, so that #ver. 9 he shall hear a rumor and return to his own land, and I will make him #ver. 37fall by the sword in his own land.’”
Sennacherib Defies the Lord
8The Rabshakeh returned, and found the king of Assyria fighting against #Josh. 10:29 Libnah, for he heard that the king had left #ch. 18:14; Josh. 10:31Lachish. 9#[1 Sam. 23:27]Now the king heard concerning Tirhakah king of Cush, “Behold, he has set out to fight against you.” So he sent messengers again to Hezekiah, saying, 10“Thus shall you speak to Hezekiah king of Judah: ‘Do not let your God #ch. 18:5 in whom you trust deceive you by promising that #ch. 18:30Jerusalem will not be given into the hand of the king of Assyria. 11Behold, you have heard what the kings of Assyria have done to all lands, devoting them to destruction. And shall you be delivered? 12#ch. 18:33 Have the gods of the nations delivered them, the nations that my fathers destroyed, #ch. 17:6 Gozan, #Gen. 11:31; Ezek. 27:23 Haran, Rezeph, and the people of #Ezek. 27:23; Amos 1:5Eden who were in Telassar? 13#ch. 18:34Where is the king of Hamath, the king of Arpad, the king of the city of Sepharvaim, the king of Hena, or the king of Ivvah?’”
14Hezekiah received #[2 Chr. 32:17]the letter from the hand of the messengers and read it; and Hezekiah went up to the house of the Lord and spread it before the Lord. 15And Hezekiah prayed before the Lord and said: “O Lord, the God of Israel, #See Ex. 25:22 enthroned above the cherubim, #1 Kgs. 18:39; Neh. 9:6; Ps. 86:10; Isa. 37:16, 20; 44:6; Jer. 10:10, 12you are the God, you alone, of all the kingdoms of the earth; you have made heaven and earth. 16#Ps. 31:2; 71:2; Dan. 9:18 Incline your ear, O Lord, and hear; #2 Chr. 6:40; Dan. 9:18 open your eyes, O Lord, and see; and hear the words of Sennacherib, which he has sent #ver. 4to mock the living God. 17Truly, O Lord, the kings of Assyria have laid waste the nations and their lands 18and have cast their gods into the fire, for they were not gods, #2 Chr. 32:19; Ps. 115:4but the work of men’s hands, wood and stone. Therefore they were destroyed. 19So now, O Lord our God, save us, please, from his hand, #Josh. 4:24; Ps. 83:18 that all the kingdoms of the earth may know that #[See ver. 15 above]you, O Lord, are God alone.”
Isaiah Prophesies Sennacherib’s Fall
20Then Isaiah the son of Amoz sent to Hezekiah, saying, “Thus says the Lord, the God of Israel: Your prayer to me about Sennacherib king of Assyria #[ch. 20:5]I have heard. 21This is the word that the Lord has spoken concerning him:
“She despises you, she scorns you—
Lam. 2:13 the virgin daughter of Zion;
she #Job 16:4; Ps. 22:7; 109:25; Lam. 2:15wags her head behind you—
the daughter of Jerusalem.
22“Whom have you #ver. 4 mocked and #ver. 6 reviled?
Against whom have you raised your voice
and lifted your eyes to the heights?
Against #Ps. 71:22; Isa. 5:24; 60:9; Jer. 51:5the Holy One of Israel!
23 # ch. 18:17 By your messengers you have mocked the Lord,
and you have said, #Ps. 20:7 ‘With my many chariots
I have gone up the heights of the mountains,
to the far recesses of #See Judg. 9:15 Lebanon;
I felled its tallest cedars,
its choicest cypresses;
I entered its farthest lodging place,
its most #2 Chr. 26:10; [Isa. 10:18]fruitful forest.
24I dug wells
and drank foreign waters,
and I dried up with the sole of my foot
all the streams #Isa. 19:6of Egypt.’
25“Have you not heard
that #[Isa. 45:7] I determined it long ago?
I planned from days of old
what #[Isa. 10:5]now I bring to pass,
that you should turn fortified cities
into heaps of ruins,
26while their inhabitants, shorn of strength,
are dismayed and confounded,
and have become #Ps. 129:6like plants of the field
and like tender grass,
like grass on the housetops,
blighted before it is grown.
27“But I know your sitting down
# [1 Sam. 29:6] and your going out and coming in,
and your raging against me.
28Because you have raged against me
and your complacency has come into my ears,
I will #Ezek. 29:4; 38:4; [Job 41:2; Isa. 30:28; Amos 4:2] put my hook in your nose
and my bit in your mouth,
and #ver. 33, 36I will turn you back on the way
by which you came.
29“And this shall be #ch. 20:8, 9; 1 Sam. 2:34; Isa. 7:11, 14the sign for you: this year eat what grows of itself, and in the second year what springs of the same. Then in the third year sow and reap and plant vineyards, and eat their fruit. 30#[2 Chr. 32:22, 23]And the surviving remnant of the house of Judah shall again take root downward and bear fruit upward. 31For out of Jerusalem shall go a remnant, and out of Mount Zion #[Isa. 10:20] a band of survivors. #Isa. 9:7The zeal of the Lord will do this.
32“Therefore thus says the Lord concerning the king of Assyria: He shall not come into this city or shoot an arrow there, or come before it with a shield or #2 Sam. 20:15cast up a siege mound against it. 33#ver. 28By the way that he came, by the same he shall return, and he shall not come into this city, declares the Lord. 34#ch. 20:6; [Isa. 31:5] For I will defend this city to save it, for my own sake #1 Kgs. 11:13and for the sake of my servant David.”
35And that night #[Ex. 12:23; 2 Sam. 24:16]the angel of the Lord went out and struck down 185,000 in the camp of the Assyrians. And when people arose early in the morning, behold, these were all dead bodies. 36Then Sennacherib king of Assyria departed and went home and lived at #Gen. 10:11; Jonah 1:2Nineveh. 37And as he was worshiping in the house of Nisroch his god, #[ch. 17:31]Adrammelech and Sharezer, his sons, struck him down with the sword and escaped into the land of Ararat. And Esarhaddon his son reigned in his place.