1 Chronicles 23
ESV

1 Chronicles 23

23
David Organizes the Levites
1 # ch. 29:28 When David was old and full of days, #[ch. 28:5; 29:22, 28]; See 1 Kgs. 1:33-39he made Solomon his son king over Israel.
2David#23:2 Hebrew He assembled all the leaders of Israel and the priests and the Levites. 3The Levites, #Num. 4:3, 47 thirty years old and upward, were numbered, and #ver. 24; Num. 1:2 the total was #[Num. 4:47, 48]38,000 men. 4“Twenty-four thousand of these,” David said,#23:4 Hebrew lacks David said #[2 Chr. 2:2, 18; 34:12; Ezra 3:8, 9] “shall have charge of the work in the house of the Lord, 6,000 shall be #ch. 26:29; [Deut. 16:18; 2 Chr. 19:8]officers and judges, 54,000 gatekeepers, and 4,000 shall offer praises to the Lord with the instruments #2 Chr. 29:25, 26; Neh. 12:36; Amos 6:5that I have made for praise.” 6#[2 Chr. 8:14; 23:18; 35:4; Ezra 6:18] And David organized them in divisions #ch. 6:1, 16; Ex. 6:16; Num. 26:57corresponding to the sons of Levi: Gershon, Kohath, and Merari.
7 # ch. 26:21 The sons of Gershon#23:7 Vulgate (compare Septuagint, Syriac); Hebrew to the Gershonite were Ladan and Shimei. 8The sons of Ladan: #ch. 15:18; 29:8; [ch. 26:21]Jehiel the chief, and Zetham, and Joel, three. 9The sons of Shimei: Shelomoth, Haziel, and Haran, three. These were the heads of the fathers’ houses of Ladan. 10And the sons of Shimei: Jahath, Zina, and Jeush and Beriah. These four were the sons of Shimei. 11Jahath was the chief, and Zizah the second; but Jeush and Beriah did not have many sons, therefore they became counted as a single father’s house.
12 # ch. 6:18; 26:23; Ex. 6:18; Num. 3:19 The sons of Kohath: Amram, Izhar, Hebron, and Uzziel, four. 13#Ex. 6:20 The sons of Amram: Aaron and Moses. #Ex. 28:1; [Heb. 5:4] Aaron was set apart to dedicate the most holy things, that he and his sons forever should #Ex. 30:7; Num. 16:40; 1 Sam. 2:28 make offerings before the Lord and #Deut. 21:5 minister to him and #Num. 6:23pronounce blessings in his name forever. 14But the sons of Moses the #[ch. 26:23-25] man of God were named among the #Deut. 33:1tribe of Levi. 15The #Ex. 2:22; 18:3, 4sons of Moses: Gershom and Eliezer. 16The sons of Gershom: #ch. 26:24Shebuel the chief. 17The sons of Eliezer: Rehabiah the chief. Eliezer had no other sons, but the sons of Rehabiah were very many. 18The sons of Izhar: Shelomith the chief. 19The #ch. 24:23; [ch. 26:31]sons of Hebron: Jeriah the chief, Amariah the second, Jahaziel the third, and Jekameam the fourth. 20#ch. 24:24, 25The sons of Uzziel: Micah the chief and Isshiah the second.
21 # ch. 6:19, 29; 24:26; Ex. 6:19; [Num. 26:58] The sons of Merari: Mahli and Mushi. The sons of Mahli: Eleazar and #ch. 24:29Kish. 22Eleazar died #ch. 24:28 having no sons, but only daughters; their #[Num. 36:6, 8]kinsmen, the sons of Kish, married them. 23#ch. 24:30The sons of Mushi: Mahli, Eder, and Jeremoth, three.
24 # [Num. 10:17, 21] These were the sons of Levi by their fathers’ houses, the heads of fathers’ houses #ver. 3 as they were listed according to the number of the names of the individuals from #2 Chr. 31:17; Ezra 3:8; [ver. 3; Num. 4:3; 8:24]twenty years old and upward who were to do the work for the service of the house of the Lord. 25For David said, “The Lord, the God of Israel, #See ch. 22:18has given rest to his people, and he dwells in Jerusalem forever. 26And so the Levites no longer need #See Num. 4:5-15to carry the tabernacle or any of the things for its service.” 27For by the last words of David the sons of Levi were numbered from #[See ver. 24 above]twenty years old and upward. 28For their duty was to assist the sons of Aaron for the service of the house of the Lord, having the care of the courts and the chambers, the cleansing of all that is holy, and any work for the service of the house of God. 29Their duty was also to assist with the #See Lev. 24:5-8 showbread, the #ch. 9:29; Lev. 6:20, 21 flour for the grain offering, the wafers of unleavened bread, the #ch. 9:31 baked offering, the #Lev. 6:21; 7:12 offering mixed with oil, and all #[Lev. 19:35]measures of quantity or size. 30And they were to stand every morning, thanking and praising the Lord, and likewise at evening, 31and whenever burnt offerings were offered to the Lord #Isa. 1:13 on Sabbaths, #See Num. 28:11 new moons, and feast days, #See Lev. 23:2, 4according to the number required of them, regularly before the Lord. 32Thus #Num. 1:53 they were to keep charge of the tent of meeting and the sanctuary, and to attend the sons of Aaron, their brothers, for the #See Num. 3:6-9service of the house of the Lord.

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