David Anointed King
1 # For ver. 1-9, see 2 Sam. 5:1-3, 6-10 Then all Israel gathered together to David at Hebron and said, “Behold, we are your bone and flesh. 2In times past, even when Saul was king, it was you who led out and brought in Israel. And the Lord your God said to you, #Ezek. 34:23‘You shall be shepherd of my people Israel, and you shall be prince over my people Israel.’” 3So all the elders of Israel came to the king at Hebron, and David made a covenant with them at Hebron before the Lord. And they anointed David king over Israel, #ver. 10; ch. 12:23; 1 Sam. 16:1, 3, 12, 13according to the word of the Lord by Samuel.
David Takes Jerusalem
4And David and all Israel went to Jerusalem, #See Josh. 15:8 that is, Jebus, where the Jebusites were, #Judg. 1:21the inhabitants of the land. 5The inhabitants of Jebus said to David, “You will not come in here.” Nevertheless, David took the stronghold of Zion, that is, the city of David. 6David said, “Whoever strikes the Jebusites first #2 Sam. 8:16shall be chief and commander.” And Joab the son of Zeruiah went up first, so he became chief. 7And David lived in the stronghold; therefore it was called the city of David. 8And he built the city all around from the Millo in complete circuit, and Joab repaired the rest of the city. 9And David #Esth. 9:4became greater and greater, for the Lord of hosts was with him.
David’s Mighty Men
10 # For ver. 10-41, see 2 Sam. 23:8-39 Now these are the chiefs of David’s mighty men, who gave him strong support in his kingdom, together with all Israel, to make him king, #ver. 3according to the word of the Lord concerning Israel. 11This is an account of David’s mighty men: #[2 Sam. 23:8] Jashobeam, a #[2 Sam. 23:8] Hachmonite, was #[ch. 12:18]chief of the three.#11:11 Compare 2 Samuel 23:8; Hebrew thirty, or captains He wielded his spear against 300 whom he killed at one time.
12And next to him among the three mighty men was Eleazar the son of #[ch. 27:4]Dodo, the Ahohite. 13He was with David at Pas-dammim #[2 Sam. 23:11, 12]when the Philistines were gathered there for battle. There was a plot of ground full of barley, and the men fled from the Philistines. 14But he took his#11:14 Compare 2 Samuel 23:12; Hebrew they . . . their stand in the midst of the plot and defended it and killed the Philistines. And the Lord saved them by a great victory.
15Three of the thirty chief men went down to the rock to David at the cave of Adullam, when the army of Philistines was encamped in the #ch. 14:8Valley of Rephaim. 16David was then in the stronghold, and the #[1 Sam. 10:5]garrison of the Philistines was then at Bethlehem. 17And David said longingly, “Oh that someone would give me water to drink from the well of Bethlehem that is by the gate!” 18Then the three mighty men broke through the camp of the Philistines and drew water out of the well of Bethlehem that was by the gate and took it and brought it to David. But David would not drink it. He poured it out to the Lord 19and said, “Far be it from me before my God that I should do this. Shall I drink the lifeblood of these men? For at the risk of their lives they brought it.” Therefore he would not drink it. These things did the three mighty men.
20Now Abishai, the brother of Joab, was chief of the thirty.#11:20 Syriac; Hebrew three And he wielded his spear against 300 men and killed them and won a name beside the three. 21He was the most renowned#11:21 Compare 2 Samuel 23:19; Hebrew more renowned among the two of the thirty#11:21 Syriac; Hebrew three and became their commander, but he did not attain to the three.
22And Benaiah the son of Jehoiada was a valiant man#11:22 Syriac; Hebrew the son of a valiant man of Kabzeel, a doer of great deeds. He struck down two heroes of Moab. He also went down and struck down a lion in a pit on a day when snow had fallen. 23And he struck down an Egyptian, a man of great stature, five cubits#11:23 A cubit was about 18 inches or 45 centimeters tall. The Egyptian had in his hand a spear #1 Sam. 17:7like a weaver’s beam, but Benaiah went down to him with a staff and snatched the spear out of the Egyptian’s hand and killed him with his own spear. 24These things did Benaiah the son of Jehoiada and won a name beside the three mighty men. 25He was renowned among the thirty, but he did not attain to the three. And David set him over his bodyguard.
26The mighty men were #ch. 27:7Asahel the brother of Joab, Elhanan the son of Dodo of Bethlehem, 27Shammoth of Harod,#11:27 Compare 2 Samuel 23:25; Hebrew the Harorite Helez the Pelonite, 28Ira the son of Ikkesh of Tekoa, Abiezer of Anathoth, 29Sibbecai the Hushathite, Ilai the Ahohite, 30Maharai of Netophah, Heled the son of Baanah of Netophah, 31Ithai the son of Ribai of Gibeah of the people of Benjamin, Benaiah of Pirathon, 32Hurai of the brooks of Gaash, Abiel the Arbathite, 33Azmaveth of Baharum, Eliahba the Shaalbonite, 34Hashem#11:34 Compare Septuagint and 2 Samuel 23:32; Hebrew the sons of Hashem the Gizonite, Jonathan the son of Shagee the Hararite, 35Ahiam the son of Sachar the Hararite, Eliphal the son of Ur, 36Hepher the Mecherathite, Ahijah the Pelonite, 37Hezro of Carmel, Naarai the son of Ezbai, 38Joel the brother of Nathan, Mibhar the son of #[ch. 5:10]Hagri, 39Zelek the Ammonite, Naharai of Beeroth, the armor-bearer of Joab the son of Zeruiah, 40Ira the Ithrite, Gareb the Ithrite, 41Uriah the Hittite, #[ch. 2:36]Zabad the son of Ahlai, 42Adina the son of Shiza the Reubenite, a leader of the Reubenites, and thirty with him, 43Hanan the son of Maacah, and Joshaphat the Mithnite, 44Uzzia the Ashterathite, Shama and Jeiel the sons of Hotham the Aroerite, 45Jediael the son of Shimri, and Joha his brother, the Tizite, 46Eliel the Mahavite, and Jeribai, and Joshaviah, the sons of Elnaam, and Ithmah the Moabite, 47Eliel, and Obed, and Jaasiel the Mezobaite.