David Becomes King of Israel
(2 Samuel 5.1-3)
1Israel's leaders met with David at Hebron and said, “We are your relatives, 2and we know that you have led our army into battle, even when Saul was still our king. The Lord God has promised that you would rule our country and take care of us like a shepherd. 3So we have come to crown you king of Israel.”
David made an agreement with the leaders and asked the Lord to be their witness. Then the leaders poured olive oil on David's head to show that he was now king of Israel. This happened just as the Lord's prophet Samuel had said.
David Captures Jerusalem
(2 Samuel 5.6-10)
Js 15.63; Jg 1.21. Jerusalem was called Jebus at the time, and David led Israel's army to attack the town. 5The Jebusites said, “You won't be able to get in here!” But David captured the fortress of Mount Zion, which is now called the City of David.
6David had told his troops, “The first soldier to kill a Jebusite will become my army commander.” And since Joab son of Zeruiah attacked first, he became commander.
7Later, David moved to the fortress—that's why it's called the City of David. 8He had the city rebuilt, starting at the landfill on the east side.#11.8 the landfill on the east side: The Hebrew text has “the Millo,” which probably refers to a landfill to strengthen and extend the hill where the city was built. Meanwhile, Joab supervised the repairs to the rest of the city.
9David became a great and strong ruler, because the Lord All-Powerful was on his side.
The Three Warriors
(2 Samuel 23.8-17)
10The Lord had promised that David would become king, and so everyone in Israel gave David their support. Certain warriors also helped keep his kingdom strong.
11The first of these warriors was Jashobeam the son of Hachmoni, the leader of the Three Warriors.#11.11 the Three Warriors: One ancient translation and 2 Samuel 23.8; Hebrew “the Thirty Warriors.” The “Three Warriors” was the most honored group of warriors and may have been part of the “Thirty Warriors.” “Three” and “thirty” are spelled almost the same in Hebrew, so there is some confusion in the manuscripts as to which group is being talked about in some places in the following lists. In one battle he killed 300 men with his spear.
12Another one of the Three Warriors was Eleazar son of Dodo the Ahohite. 13During a battle against the Philistines at Pas-Dammim, all the Israelite soldiers ran away, 14except Eleazar, who stayed with David. They took their positions in a nearby barley field and defeated the Philistines! The Lord gave Israel a great victory that day.
15One time the Three Warriors#11.15 the Three Warriors: Hebrew “three of the thirty most important warriors.” went to meet David among the rocks at Adullam Cave. The Philistine army had set up camp in Rephaim Valley 16and had taken over Bethlehem. David was in a fortress, 17and he said, “I'm very thirsty. I wish I had a drink of water from the well by the gate to Bethlehem.”
18The Three Warriors sneaked through the Philistine camp and got some water from the well near Bethlehem's gate. They took it back to David, but he refused to drink it. Instead, he poured out the water as a sacrifice to the Lord 19and said, “Drinking this water would be like drinking the blood of these men who risked their lives to get it for me.”
The Three Warriors did these brave deeds.
The Thirty Warriors
(2 Samuel 23.18-39)
20Joab's brother Abishai was the leader of the Thirty Warriors,#11.20 the Thirty Warriors: One ancient translation; Hebrew “the Three Warriors.” The “Thirty Warriors” was the second most honored group of warriors and may have also been officers in the army. and in one battle he killed 300 men with his spear. He was just as famous as the Three Warriors 21and was more famous than the rest of the Thirty Warriors. He was their commander, but he never became one of the Three Warriors.#11.20,21 Warriors: One possible meaning for the difficult Hebrew text of these verses.
22Benaiah the son of Jehoiada was a brave man from Kabzeel who did some amazing things. One time he killed two of Moab's best fighters, and one snowy day he went into a pit and killed a lion. 23Another time he killed an Egyptian who was over two meters tall and was armed with a spear. Benaiah only had a club, so he grabbed the spear from the Egyptian and killed him with it. 24Benaiah did things like that; he was just as brave as the Three Warriors, 25even though he never became one of them. And he was certainly as famous as the rest of the Thirty Warriors. So David made him the leader of his own bodyguard.
26-47Here is a list of the other famous warriors:
Asahel the brother of Joab; Elhanan the son of Dodo from Bethlehem; Shammoth from Haror; Helez from Pelon; Ira the son of Ikkesh from Tekoa; Abiezer from Anathoth; Sibbecai the Hushathite; Ilai#11.26-47 Ilai: Or “Zalmon” (see 2 Samuel 23.24-39). the Ahohite; Maharai from Netophah; Heled the son of Baanah from Netophah; Ithai the son of Ribai from Gibeah in Benjamin; Benaiah from Pirathon; Hurai#11.26-47 Hurai: Or “Hiddai” (see 2 Samuel 23.24-39). from near the streams on Mount Gaash; Abiel from Arbah; Azmaveth from Baharum; Eliahba from Shaalbon; Hashem#11.26-47 Hashem: One ancient translation; Hebrew “the sons of Hashem.” the Gizonite; Jonathan the son of Shagee from Harar; Ahiam the son of Sachar the Hararite; Eliphal the son of Ur; Hepher from Mecherah; Ahijah from Pelon; Hezro from Carmel; Naarai the son of Ezbai; Joel the brother of Nathan; Mibhar the son of Hagri; Zelek from Ammon; Naharai from Beeroth who carried Joab's weapons; Ira the Ithrite; Gareb the Ithrite; Uriah the Hittite; Zabad the son of Ahlai; Adina the son of Shiza, a leader in the Reuben tribe, and 30 of his soldiers; Hanan the son of Maacah; Joshaphat from Mithan; Uzzia from Ashterah; Shama and Jeiel the sons of Hotham from Aroer; Jediael and Joha the sons of Shimri from Tiz; Eliel from Mahavah; Jeribai and Joshaviah the sons of Elnaam; Ithmah from Moab; Eliel, Obed, and Jaasiel from Mezobah.