The people are unfaithful
The Israelites worship Baal
1While the Israelites were camped at Acacia, some of the men had sex with Moabite women. 2These women then invited the men to ceremonies where sacrifices were offered to their gods. The men ate the meat from the sacrifices and worshipped the Moabite gods.
3The LORD was angry with Israel because they had worshipped the god Baal-Peor. 4So he said to Moses, “Take the Israelite leaders who are responsible for this and have them killed in front of my sacred tent where everyone can see. Perhaps then I will stop being angry with the Israelites.”
5Moses told Israel's officials,#25.5 officials: These were special leaders who were probably responsible for an entire tribe or part of a tribe. “Each of you must put to death any of your men who worshipped Baal.”
6Later, Moses and the people were at the sacred tent, crying, when one of the Israelite men brought a Midianite#25.6 Midianite: Used here as a general term for various peoples who lived east of the River Jordan. Some of these people were probably ruled by the Moabite king (see Genesis 36.35). woman to meet his family. 7Phinehas, the grandson of Aaron#25.7 Phinehas…Aaron: Hebrew “Phinehas, son of Eleazar and grandson of Aaron”. the priest, saw the couple and left the crowd. He found a spear 8and followed the man into his tent, where he ran the spear through the man and into the woman's stomach. The LORD immediately stopped punishing Israel with a deadly disease, 9but twenty-four thousand Israelites had already died.
10The LORD said to Moses, 11“In my anger, I would have wiped out the Israelites if Phinehas had not been faithful to me. 12-13But instead of punishing them, I forgave them. So because of the loyalty that Phinehas showed, I solemnly promise that he and his descendants will always be my priests.”
14The Israelite man that was killed was Zimri son of Salu, who was one of the leaders of the Simeon tribe. 15And the Midianite woman killed with him was Cozbi, the daughter of a Midianite clan leader named Zur.
16The LORD told Moses, 17-18“The Midianites are now enemies of Israel, so attack and defeat them! They tricked the people of Israel into worshipping their god at Peor, and they are responsible for the death of Cozbi, the daughter of one of their own leaders.”