Equal justice for all
The LORD said:
1Don't spread harmful rumours or help a criminal by giving false evidence.#Ex 20.16; Lv 19.11,12; Dt 5.20.
2Always tell the truth in court, even if everyone else is#23.2 everyone else is: Or “the authorities are”. dishonest and stands in the way of justice. 3And don't favour the poor, simply because they are poor.#Lv 19.15.
4If you find an ox or a donkey that has wandered off, take it back where it belongs, even if the owner is your enemy.#Dt 22.1-4.
5If a donkey is overloaded and falls down, you must do what you can to help, even if it belongs to someone who doesn't like you.#23.5 you: One possible meaning for the difficult Hebrew text of verse 5.
6Make sure that the poor are given equal justice in court.#Lv 19.15; Dt 16.19. 7Don't bring false charges against anyone or sentence an innocent person to death. I won't forgive you if you do.
8Don't accept bribes. Judges are blinded and justice is twisted by bribes.
9Don't ill-treat foreigners. You were foreigners in Egypt, and you know what it is like.#Ex 22.21; Lv 19.33,34; Dt 24.17,18; 27.19.
Laws for the Sabbath
The LORD said:
10Plant and harvest your crops for six years,#Lv 25.1-7. 11but let the land rest during the seventh year. The poor are to eat what they want from your fields, vineyards, and olive trees during that year, and when they have all they want from your fields, leave the rest for wild animals.
12Work the first six days of the week, but rest and relax on the seventh day. This law is not only for you, but for your oxen, donkeys, and slaves, as well as for any foreigners among you.#Ex 20.9-11; 31.15; 34.21; 35.2; Lv 23.3; Dt 5.13-14.
13Make certain that you obey everything I have said. Don't pray to other gods or even mention their names.
Three annual festivals
(Exodus 34.18-26; Deuteronomy 16.1-17)
The LORD said:
14Celebrate three festivals each year in my honour.
15Celebrate the Festival of Thin Bread by eating bread made without yeast, just as I have commanded.#23.15 as I have commanded: See 12.14-20. Do this at the proper time during the month of Abib,#23.15 Abib: See the note at 12.2. because it is the month when you left Egypt. And make certain that everyone brings the proper offerings.#Ex 12.14-20; Lv 23.6-8; Nu 28.17-25.
16Celebrate the Harvest Festival#23.16 Harvest Festival: Traditionally called the “Festival of Weeks” and known in New Testament times as “Pentecost”. each spring when you start harvesting your wheat, and celebrate the Festival of Shelters#23.16 Festival of Shelters: The Hebrew text has “Festival of Ingathering” (so also in 34.22), which was the final harvesting of crops and fruits before the autumn rains began. But the usual name was “Festival of Shelters”. each autumn when you pick your fruit.#Lv 23.15-21; Nu 28.26-31; Lv 23.39-43.
17Your men must come to these three festivals each year to worship me.
18Do not offer bread made with yeast when you sacrifice an animal to me. And make sure that the fat of the animal is burnt that same day.
19Each year bring the best part of your first harvest to the place of worship.#Dt 26.2; Ex 34.26; Dt 14.21.
Don't boil a young goat in its mother's milk.
A promise and a warning
The LORD said:
20I am sending an angel to protect you and to lead you into the land I have ready for you. 21Carefully obey everything the angel says, because I am giving him complete authority, and he won't tolerate rebellion. 22If you faithfully obey him, I will be a fierce enemy of your enemies. 23My angel will lead you into the land of the Amorites, Hittites, Perizzites, Canaanites, Hivites, and Jebusites, and I will wipe them out. 24Don't worship their gods or follow their customs. Instead, destroy their idols and shatter their stone images.
25Worship only me, the LORD your God! I will bless you with plenty of food and water and keep you strong. 26Your women will give birth to healthy children, and everyone will live a long life.
27I will terrify those nations and make your enemies so confused that they will run from you. 28I will make the Hivites, Canaanites, and Hittites panic as you approach. 29But I won't do all this in the first year, because the land would become poor, and wild animals would be everywhere. 30Instead, I will force out your enemies little by little and give your nation time to grow strong enough to take over the land.
31I will see that your borders reach from the Red Sea#23.31 Red Sea: Hebrew yam suph, here referring to the Gulf of Aqaba, since the term is extended to include the north-eastern arm of the Red Sea (see also the note at 13.18). to the River Euphrates and from the Mediterranean Sea to the desert. I will let you defeat the people who live there, and you will force them out of the land. 32But you must not make any agreements with them or with their gods. 33Don't let them stay in your land. They will trap you into sinning against me and worshipping their gods.