Christ’s Eternal Sacrifice
1The old system of living under the law presented us with only a faint shadow, a crude outline of the reality of the wonderful blessings to come. Even with its steady stream of sacrifices offered year after year, there still was nothing that could make our hearts perfect before God. 2-3For if animal sacrifices could once and for all eliminate sin, they would have ceased to be offered and the worshipers would have clean consciences. Instead, once was not enough so by the repetitive sacrifices year after year, the worshipers were continually reminded of their sins, with their hearts still impure. 4For what power does the blood of bulls and goats # 10:4 The Aramaic can be translated “bulls and birds.” have to remove sin’s guilt?
5So when Jesus the Messiah came into the world he said,
“Since your ultimate desire was not another animal sacrifice,
you have clothed me with a body # 10:5 As translated from the Aramaic. See also Ps. 40:6–8. The Hebrew of Ps. 40:6 has, “My ears you have pierced.” The Clementine Septuagint has “My ears you have prepared.”
that I might offer myself instead!
6Multiple burnt offerings and sin-offerings
cannot satisfy your justice.
7So I said to you, ‘God—
I will be the One to go and do your will,
to fulfill all that is written of me in your Word!’ ” # 10:7 Or “in the scroll of the Book.” The Aramaic can be translated “from the beginning of your writings [the Torah] it is spoken of me.”
8First he said, “Multiple burnt-offerings and sin-offerings cannot satisfy your justice” (even though the law required them to be offered).
9And then he said, “God, I will be the One to go and do your will.” So by being the sacrifice that removes sin, he abolishes animal sacrifices # 10:9 Or “he abolishes the first.” and replaces that entire system with the new covenant. # 10:9 Or “the second” (covenant). 10By God’s will we have been purified and made holy once and for all # 10:10 Or “made holy through the offering up of the body of Jesus Christ once and for all.” through the sacrifice of the body of Jesus, the Messiah!
11Yet every day priests still serve, ritually offering the same sacrifices again and again—sacrifices that can never take away sin’s guilt. 12But when this Priest had offered the one supreme sacrifice for sin for all time he sat down on a throne at the right hand of God, 13waiting until all his whispering enemies are subdued and turn into his footstool. 14And by his one perfect sacrifice he made us perfectly holy # 10:14 Or “we are being made holy.” and complete for all time!
15The Holy Spirit confirms this to us by this Scripture, for the Lord says,
16“Afterwards, I will give them this covenant: I will embed my laws into their hearts and fasten my Word to their thoughts.”
17And then he says,
“I will not ever again remember their sins and lawless deeds!” # 10:17 See Jer. 31:33–34.
18So if our sins have been forgiven and forgotten, why would we ever need to offer another sacrifice for sin?
Our Confidence before God
19And now we are brothers and sisters in God’s family because of the blood of Jesus, and he welcomes us to come into the most holy sanctuary in the heavenly realm—boldly and without hesitation. 20For he has dedicated a new, # 10:20 Or “newly slain.” life-giving way for us to approach God. For just as the veil was torn in two, Jesus’ body was torn open to give us free and fresh access to him!
21And since we now have a magnificent High Priest to welcome us into God’s house, 22we come closer to God and approach him # 10:22 Or “draw near to God,” or “offer a true sacrifice.” The Hebrew verbs “to draw near” (lehitkarev) and “to offer a sacrifice” (lehakriv) are nearly identical and both are taken from the same root word. with an open heart, fully convinced that nothing will keep us at a distance from him. For our hearts have been sprinkled with blood to remove impurity, and we have been freed from an accusing conscience. Now we are clean, unstained, and presentable to God inside and out! # 10:22 Or “our bodies washed with pure water.”
23So now wrap your heart tightly around the hope that lives within us, knowing that God always keeps his promises! # 10:23 The Aramaic can be translated “Faithful is the One who sent us this message of hope.” 24Discover creative ways to encourage others # 10:24 The Aramaic can be translated “Let us look on one another with the excitement of love.” and to motivate them toward acts of compassion, doing beautiful works as expressions of love. 25This is not the time to pull away and neglect # 10:25 Or “abandon.” The Greek implies a person who is extremely discouraged. meeting together, as some have formed the habit of doing. In fact, we should come together even more frequently, eager to encourage and urge each other onward as we anticipate that day dawning.
26For if we continue to persist in deliberate sin after we have known and received the truth, there is not another sacrifice for sin to be made for us. 27But this would qualify one for the certain, terrifying expectation of judgment and the raging fire ready to burn up his enemies! # 10:27 See Isa. 26:11. 28Anyone who disobeyed Moses’ law died without mercy on the simple evidence of two or three witnesses. 29How much more severely do you suppose a person deserves to be judged who has contempt for God’s Son, # 10:29 Or “who tramples the Son of God under his feet.” and who scorns the blood of the new covenant that made him holy, and has outraged the Spirit of grace? # 10:29 Or “insults the Spirit of grace.” One of the names of the Holy Spirit is “the Spirit of Grace.” The Holy Spirit is the dispenser and Lord of Grace. To be filled with the Holy Spirit means that you are filled with grace (spiritual power) to live pure, holy, and undefiled.
30For we know him who said,
“I have the right to take revenge
and pay them back for their evil!”
“The Lord God will judge his own people!” # 10:30 See Deut. 32:35–36.
31It is the most terrifying thing of all to come under the judgment # 10:31 Or “to fall into the hands.” of the Living God!
32Don’t you remember those days right after the Light shined in your hearts? # 10:32 The Aramaic can be translated “after you were baptized.” You endured a great marathon season of suffering hardships, yet you stood your ground. 33And at times you were publicly and shamefully mistreated, being persecuted for your faith; # 10:33 The Aramaic can be translated “so that you would become seers” or “develop vision.” then at other times you stood side by side with those who preach the message of hope. # 10:33 As translated from the Aramaic. The Greek is “partners with those who were similarly abused.”
34You sympathized with those in prison # 10:34 Or “my [Paul’s] imprisonment.” and when all your belongings were confiscated you accepted that violation with joy; convinced that you possess a treasure growing in heaven # 10:34 As translated from the Aramaic. The Greek is “you possess greater heavenly things.” that could never be taken from you. 35So don’t lose your bold, courageous faith, for you are destined for a great reward! # 10:35 As translated from the Aramaic. The Greek is “your faith yields a great reward.”
36You need the strength of endurance to reveal the poetry # 10:36 Or “to do God’s will.” The Greek word for “do” is taken from the Greek word poeima (poem or poetry). of God’s will and then you receive the promise in full. 37For soon and very soon,
“The One who is appearing will come without delay!” # 10:37 That is, time is not relevant in the realm of the Spirit. See Isa. 26:20; Hab. 2:3–4.
38And he also says, # 10:38 Supplied for clarity of the English narrative.
“My righteous ones will live from my faith. # 10:38 As translated from the Aramaic, and the Septuagint of Hab. 2:4.
But if fear holds them back, # 10:38 The Greek word hupostello (aroist subjunctive middle, used absolutely), does not mean “to draw back” but “to cower in fear.”
my soul is not content with them!”
39But we are certainly not those who are held back by fear and perish; we are among those who have faith and experience true life! # 10:39 Or “faith to the preservation of the soul.” The Aramaic can be translated “faith that fulfills our soul.”
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