The Holy Spirit Comes at Pentecost
1On the day Pentecost was being fulfilled, all the disciples were gathered in one place. 2Suddenly they heard the sound of a violent blast of wind rushing into the house from out of the heavenly realm. The roar of the wind was so overpowering it was all anyone could bear! 3Then all at once a pillar of fire appeared before their eyes. It separated into tongues of fire that engulfed each one of them. 4They were all filled and equipped with the Holy Spirit and were inspired to speak in tongues—empowered by the Spirit to speak in languages they had never learned!
5Now, at that time there were Jewish worshipers who had emigrated from many different lands to live in Jerusalem. 6When the people of the city heard the roaring sound, crowds came running to where it was coming from, stunned over what was happening, because each one could hear the disciples speaking in his or her own language. 7Bewildered, they said to one another, “Aren’t these all Galileans? 8So how is it that we hear them speaking in our own languages? 9We are northeastern Iranians, northwestern Iranians, Elamites, and those from Mesopotamia, Judea, east central Turkey, the coastal areas of the Black Sea, Asia, 10north central Turkey, southern Turkey, Egypt, Libyans who are neighbors of Cyrene, visitors from all over the Roman Empire, both Jews and converts to Judaism, Cretans and Arabs. 11Yet we hear them speaking of God’s mighty wonders in our own dialects!” 12They all stood there, dumbfounded and astonished, saying to one another, “What is this phenomenon?”
13But others poked fun at them and said, “They’re just drunk on new wine.”
Peter’s Pentecost Sermon
14Peter stood up with the eleven apostles and shouted to the crowd. “Listen carefully, my fellow Jews and residents of Jerusalem. You need to clearly understand what’s happening here. 15These people are not drunk like you think they are, for it is only nine o’clock in the morning. 16This is the fulfillment of what was prophesied through the prophet Joel, for God says:
17‘This is what I will do in the last days—I will pour out my Spirit on everybody and cause your sons and daughters to prophesy, and your young men will see visions, and your old men will experience dreams from God. 18The Holy Spirit will come upon all my servants, men and women alike, and they will prophesy. 19I will reveal startling signs and wonders in the sky above and mighty miracles on the earth below. Blood and fire and pillars of clouds will appear. 20For the sun will be turned dark and the moon blood-red before that great and awesome appearance of the day of the Lord. 21But everyone who calls on the name of the Lord will be saved.’ ”
22Peter continued, “People of Israel, listen to the facts. Jesus, the Victorious, was a Man on a divine mission whose authority was clearly proven. For you know how God performed many powerful miracles, signs, and wonders through him. 23This Man’s destiny was prearranged, for God knew that Jesus would be handed over to you to be crucified and that you would execute him on a cross by the hands of lawless men. Yet it was all part of his predetermined plan. 24God destroyed the cords of death and raised him up, because it was impossible for death’s power to hold him prisoner. 25This is the very thing David prophesied about him:
‘I continually see the Lord in front of me.
He’s at my right hand, and I am never shaken.
26No wonder my heart is glad and my glory celebrates!
My mouth is filled with his praises,
and I have hope that my body will live
27because you will not leave my soul among the dead,
nor will you allow your sacred one to experience decay.
28For you have revealed to me the pathways to life,
and seeing your face fills me with euphoria!’
29“My fellow Jews, I can tell you there is no doubt that our noted patriarch has both died and been buried in his tomb, which remains to this day. So you can see that he was not referring to himself with those words. 30But as a prophet, he knew God’s faithful promise, made with God’s unbreakable oath, that one of his descendants would take his throne. 31So when peering into the future, David prophesied of the Messiah’s resurrection. And God revealed to him that the Messiah would not be abandoned to the realm of death, nor would his body experience decay.
32“Can’t you see it? God has resurrected Jesus, and we all have seen him!
33“Then God exalted him to his right hand upon the throne of highest honor. And the Father gave him the authority to send the promised Holy Spirit, which is being poured out upon us today. This is what you’re seeing and hearing!
34“David wasn’t the one who ascended into heaven, but the one who prophesied:
‘The Lord Jehovah said to my Lord,
I honor you by enthroning you beside me,
35until I make your enemies
a footstool beneath your feet.’
36“Now everyone in Israel can know for certain that Jesus, whom you crucified, is the one God has made both Lord and the Messiah.”
The Crowd Responds to Peter’s Words
37When they heard this they were crushed and realized what they had done to Jesus. Deeply moved, they said to Peter and the other apostles, “What do we need to do, brothers?”
38Peter replied, “Repent and return to God, and each one of you must be baptized in the name of Jesus, the Anointed One, to have your sins removed. Then you may take hold of the gift of the Holy Spirit. 39For God’s promise of the Holy Spirit is for you and your families, for those yet to be born and for everyone whom the Lord our God calls to himself.”
40Peter preached to them and warned them with these words: “Be rescued from the wayward and perverse culture of this world!”
41Those who believed the word that day numbered three thousand. They were all baptized and added to the church.
The Community of Believers
42Every believer was faithfully devoted to following the teachings of the apostles. Their hearts were mutually linked to one another, sharing communion and coming together regularly for prayer. 43A deep sense of holy awe swept over everyone, and the apostles performed many miraculous signs and wonders. 44All the believers were in fellowship as one body, and they shared with one another whatever they had. 45Out of generosity they even sold their assets to distribute the proceeds to those who were in need among them. 46Daily they met together in the temple courts and in one another’s homes to celebrate communion. They shared meals together with joyful hearts and tender humility. 47They were continually filled with praises to God, enjoying the favor of all the people. And the Lord kept adding to their number daily those who were coming to life.