1From Paul, an apostle in Christ Jesus, for it was Jesus himself, our living hope, who sent me as his servant by the command of God, our life-giver. # 1:1 Or “Savior.”
2Timothy, you are my true spiritual son in the faith. May abundant grace, mercy, and total well-being # 1:2 The Hebrew concept of peace includes health, prosperity, and peace of mind. from God the Father and the Anointed One, our Lord Jesus, be yours!
Timothy’s Ministry in Ephesus
3As I urged you when I left for Macedonia, # 1:3 As translated from the Aramaic. I’m asking that you remain in Ephesus to instruct them not to teach or follow the error of deceptive doctrines, 4nor pay any attention to cultural myths, traditions, or the endless study of genealogies. # 1:4 The Jewish people have always been diligent to carefully record their genealogies; yet, the reference to genealogies here may also include the apocryphal writings of Jewish mysticism, detailing the origins of angelic beings involved in creation. Those digressions only breed controversies and debates. They are devoid of power that builds up and strengthens the church in the faith of God.
5For we reach the goal of fulfilling all the commandments when we love others deeply with a pure heart, a clean conscience, and sincere faith. 6Some believers have been led astray by teachings and speculations that emphasize nothing more than the empty words of men. 7They presume to be expert teachers of the law, # 1:7 Or “Torah.” but they don’t have the slightest idea of what they’re talking about and they simply love to argue!
Paul’s Use of the Law
8We know that the moral code of the law is beautiful when applied as God intended, 9but actually, the law was not established for righteous people, but to bring conviction of sin to the unrighteous. The law was established to bring the revelation of sin to the evildoers and rebellious, the sinners without God, those who are vicious and perverse, and to those who strike their father or their mother, # 1:9 As translated from the Aramaic. The Greek reads “those who murder their father or murder their mother.” sinners, murderers, 10rapists, those who are sexually impure, homosexuals, # 1:10 The Aramaic can be translated “molesters of male children.” kidnappers, liars, those who break their oaths, and all those who oppose the teaching of godliness and purity in the church! They are the ones the law is for.
11I have been commissioned to preach the wonderful news of the glory of the exalted God. 12My heart spills over with thanks to God for the way he continually empowers me, and to our Lord Jesus, the Anointed One, who found me trustworthy and who authorized me to be his partner in this ministry.
13Mercy kissed me, even though I used to be a blasphemer, a persecutor of believers, and a scorner of what turned out to be true. I was ignorant and didn’t know what I was doing. 14I was flooded with such incredible grace, like a river overflowing its banks, # 1:14 Paul uses the Greek word pleonazō, which means “superabounding grace.” until I was full of faith and love for Jesus, the Anointed One!
15I can testify that the Word is true and deserves to be received by all, for Jesus Christ came into the world to bring sinners back to life—even me, the worst sinner of all! 16Yet I was captured by grace, so that Jesus Christ could display through me the outpouring of his Spirit # 1:16 As translated from the Aramaic. The Greek text reads “that Jesus would demonstrate his perfect patience.” as a pattern to be seen for all those who would believe # 1:16 Or “destined to believe.” in him for eternal life.
17Because of this my praises rise to the King of all the universe # 1:17 Or “King of the ages.” who is indestructible, # 1:17 The Aramaic word used here is a direct reference to the physical body of Christ that did not decompose in the tomb, but was raised in resurrection. invisible, and full of glory, the only God # 1:17 As translated from the Aramaic. Some Greek texts have “the only wise God.” who is worthy of the highest honors throughout all of time and throughout the eternity of eternities! Amen!
Paul Encourages Timothy to Remain Faithful
18-19So Timothy, my son, I am entrusting you with this responsibility, in keeping with the very first prophecies that were spoken over your life, and are now in the process of fulfillment in this great work of ministry, in keeping with the prophecies spoken over you. With this encouragement use your prophecies as weapons as you wage spiritual warfare by faith and with a clean conscience. For there are many who reject these virtues and are now destitute of the true faith, 20such as Hymenaeus # 1:20 The name Hymenaeus is also the name of the pagan god of the bridal song sung by the attendants of the bride during the ceremony. He was invoked by the bride’s friends in hope that he would come and manifest himself. Perhaps Hymenaeus was attempting to mix the worship of false gods into the church. See also 2 Tim. 2:17. and Alexander # 1:20 Alexander’s name means “protector of men,” or “man pleaser.” When the church attempts to please men, we can quickly fail to please God. who have fallen away. I have delivered them both over to Satan to be rid of them and to teach them to no longer blaspheme!