The First Bowl
1Then I heard a loud voice from the temple saying to the seven angels,#Rv 8:2,6; 15:1,6–8 “Go and pour out the seven#16:1 Other mss omit seven bowls#Rv 17:1; 21:9 of God’s wrath on the earth.” 2The first went and poured out his bowl on the earth, and severely painful sores#Ex 9:9–11; Dt 28:27,35; Jb 2:7; Is 1:6; Jr 30:12–17 broke out on the people who had the mark of the beast and who worshiped its image.
The Second Bowl
3The second#16:3 Other mss add angel poured out his bowl into the sea. It turned to blood like that of a dead person, and all life in the sea died.#Rv 8:8–9
The Third Bowl
4The third#16:4 Other mss add angel poured out his bowl into the rivers and the springs of water, and they became blood.#Ex 7:17–21 5I heard the angel of the waters say,
You are just,
the Holy One,#Is 5:19; 41:20; 45:11 who is and who was,#Rv 11:17
because you have passed judgment on these things.
6Because they poured out
the blood of the saints and the prophets,#2Kg 9:7; Mt 23:30; Lk 11:50; Rv 17:6; 18:24
you have given them blood to drink;
they deserve it!#Is 49:26
7I heard the altar say,
Yes, Lord God, the Almighty,
true and just are your judgments.#Ps 19:9; Rv 19:2
The Fourth Bowl
8The fourth#16:8 Other mss add angel poured out his bowl on the sun. It was allowed to scorch people with fire, 9and people were scorched by the intense heat. So they blasphemed the name of God,#Lv 24:11; Is 52:5; Rm 2:24; 1Tm 6:1; Rv 13:6 who has the power#16:9 Or authority over these plagues, and they did not repent and give him glory.#Rv 9:20–21
The Fifth Bowl
10The fifth#16:10 Other mss add angel poured out his bowl on the throne of the beast,#Rv 2:13; 13:2 and its kingdom was plunged into darkness.#Ex 10:21 People#16:10 Lit They gnawed their tongues because of their pain 11and blasphemed the God of heaven#Rv 13:6 because of their pains and their sores, but they did not repent of their works.
The Sixth Bowl
12The sixth#16:12 Other mss add angel poured out his bowl on the great river Euphrates,#Gn 2:14; 15:18; Dt 11:24; 1Kg 4:21; Rv 9:14 and its water was dried up#Ex 14:21–22,29; 15:19; Jos 2:10; 4:23; 5:1; 2Kg 2:8; Neh 9:11; Is 51:10 to prepare the way for the kings from the east. 13Then I saw three unclean spirits like frogs#Ex 8:2–14; Lv 11:9–12,41–47 coming from the dragon’s mouth,#Rv 12:9 from the beast’s mouth,#Rv 13:1 and from the mouth of the false prophet.#Rv 13:11–17 14For they are demonic spirits performing signs,#2Th 2:9–10 who travel to the kings of the whole world to assemble them#1Kg 22:20–23; Mt 24:24; 2Th 2:10 for the battle on the great day of God, the Almighty.#Ezk 38–39; Jl 2:11; 3:2; Zch 14:2; Rv 19:11–21 15“Look, I am coming like a thief. Blessed#Rv 1:3; 14:13; 19:9; 20:6; 22:7,14 is the one who is alert and remains clothed#16:15 Or and guards his clothes#Lk 12:35–40; 1Th 5:2,6–8 so that he may not go around naked and people see his shame.”#Rv 3:18 16So they assembled the kings at the place called in Hebrew, Armageddon.#16:16 Some mss read Armagedon; other mss read Harmegedon; other mss read Mageddon; other mss read Magedon#Jdg 5:19; 2Kg 9:27; Ezk 38:8
The Seventh Bowl
17Then the seventh#16:17 Other mss add angel poured out his bowl into the air,#16:17 Or bowl on the air and a loud voice came out of the temple#16:17 Other mss add of heaven#Is 66:6 from the throne, saying, “It is done!” 18There were flashes of lightning, rumblings, and peals of thunder. And a severe earthquake occurred like no other since people have been on the earth, so great was the quake.#Ex 19:16–19; Rv 4:5; 8:5; 11:19 19The great city#Rv 18:10,16,18–19,21 split into three parts, and the cities of the nations#16:19 Or the Gentile cities fell. Babylon the Great was remembered in God’s presence; he gave her the cup filled with the wine of his fierce anger.#Rv 14:19; 19:15 20Every island fled, and the mountains disappeared.#Ezk 38:20; Rv 6:14 21Enormous hailstones, each weighing about a hundred pounds,#16:21 Lit about a talent; talents varied in weight upwards from 75 pounds fell from the sky on people, and they blasphemed God#Rv 16:9,11 for the plague of hail because that plague was extremely severe.#Jos 10:11; Ezk 38:22