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The Leaven of the Pharisees and the Sadducees
1The Pharisees and Sadducees approached,#Mt 12:38-39; Mk 8:11-21; Lk 12:54-56 and tested him, asking him to show them a sign from heaven.#Lk 11:16; 1Co 1:22 2He replied, “When evening comes you say, ‘It will be good weather because the sky is red.’ 3And in the morning, ‘Today will be stormy because the sky is red and threatening.’ You#16:3 Other mss read Hypocrites! You know how to read the appearance of the sky, but you can’t read the signs of the times.#16:2-3 Other mss omit When (v. 2) through end of v. 3 4An evil and adulterous generation demands a sign, but no sign will be given to it except the sign of#16:4 Other mss add the prophet Jonah.”#Mt 4:13; 21:17; Lk 11:29 Then he left them and went away.
5The disciples reached the other shore,#16:5 Lit disciples went to the other side and they had forgotten to take bread. 6Then Jesus told them, “Watch out and beware of the leaven#16:6 Or yeast, also in vv. 11,12 of the Pharisees and Sadducees.”#Mt 3:7; 8:15; Lk 12:1; 1Co 5:6-8; Gl 5:9
7They were discussing among themselves, “We didn’t bring any bread.”
8Aware of this, Jesus said, “You of little faith,#Mt 6:30; 8:26; 14:31; Lk 12:28 why are you discussing among yourselves that you do not have bread? 9Don’t you understand yet? Don’t you remember the five loaves for the five thousand and how many baskets you collected? 10Or the seven loaves for the four thousand and how many large baskets you collected?#Mt 14:17-21; 15:34-38 11Why is it you don’t understand that when I told you, ‘Beware of the leaven of the Pharisees and Sadducees,’ it wasn’t about bread?” #Mt 3:7; 16:6; Mk 8:15; Lk 12:1 12Then they understood that he had not told them to beware of the leaven in bread, but of the teaching of the Pharisees and Sadducees.#Mt 5:20; 17:13; 23:3
Peter’s Confession of the Messiah
13When Jesus came to the region of Caesarea Philippi,#16:13 A town north of Galilee at the base of Mount Hermon#Mk 8:27-29; Lk 9:18-20 he asked his disciples, “Who do people say that the Son of Man is?” #16:13 Other mss read that I, the Son of Man, am
14They replied, “Some say John the Baptist; others, Elijah; still others, Jeremiah or one of the prophets.”#Mt 14:2; 17:10; Mk 6:15; Lk 9:8; Jn 1:21
15 “But you,” he asked them, “who do you say that I am?”
16Simon Peter answered, “You are the Messiah, the Son of the living God.”#Mt 1:16; Jn 11:27
17Jesus responded, “Blessed are you, Simon son of Jonah,#16:17 Or son of John#Jn 1:42; 21:15-17 because flesh and blood did not reveal this to you, but my Father in heaven.#1Co 15:50; Gl 1:16; Eph 6:12; Heb 2:14 18And I also say to you that you are Peter, and on this rock I will build my church,#Mt 18:17; Ac 5:11; 7:38; 8:1,3; 9:31; 11:22,26 and the gates of Hades will not overpower it. 19I will give you the keys of the kingdom of heaven,#Is 22:22; Mt 18:18; Jn 20:23; Rv 1:18; 3:7 and whatever you bind on earth will have been bound#16:19 Or earth will be bound in heaven, and whatever you loose on earth will have been loosed#16:19 Or earth will be loosed in heaven.” 20Then he gave the disciples orders to tell no one that he was#16:20 Other mss add Jesus the Messiah.#Mk 8:30; Lk 9:21
His Death and Resurrection Predicted
21From#Mk 8:31—9:1; Lk 9:22-27 then on Jesus began to point out to his disciples that it was necessary for him to go to Jerusalem and suffer many things from the elders, chief priests, and scribes, be killed, and be raised the third day.#Mt 17:9; 20:18; 27:63; Lk 24:7; Jn 2:19 22Peter took him aside and began to rebuke him, “Oh no,#16:22 Lit “Mercy to you = “May God have mercy on you Lord! This will never happen to you!”
23Jesus turned and told Peter, “Get behind me, Satan! You are a hindrance to me because you’re not thinking about God’s concerns#16:23 Lit about the things of God but human concerns.” #2Sm 19:22; Rm 8:5,7; Php 2:5; 3:19; Col 3:2
Take Up Your Cross
24Then Jesus said to his disciples, “If anyone wants to follow after me, let him deny himself, take up his cross, and follow me.#Mt 10:38; Lk 14:27 25For whoever wants to save his life will lose it, but whoever loses his life because of me will find it.#Mt 10:39; Jn 12:25 26For what will it benefit someone if he gains the whole world yet loses his life? Or what will anyone give in exchange for his life?#Ps 49:7-8; Lk 12:20 27For the Son of Man is going to come with his angels in the glory of his Father,#Mt 26:64; Mk 8:38; Ac 1:11; 1Th 1:10; 4:16; Rv 1:7 and then he will reward each according to what he has done. 28Truly I tell you, there are some standing here who will not taste death until they see the Son of Man coming in his kingdom.”#Mt 4:23; 10:23; Ac 20:25