The Anointing at Bethany
1Six days before the Passover, Jesus came to Bethany#Mk 11:1 where Lazarus#12:1 Other mss read Lazarus who died was, the one Jesus had raised from the dead.#Jn 11:43-44 2So#Mt 26:6-13; Mk 14:3-9 they gave a dinner for him there; Martha#Jn 11:1 was serving them, and Lazarus was one of those reclining at the table with him. 3Then Mary took a pound of perfume, pure and expensive nard, anointed Jesus’s feet, and wiped his feet with her hair.#Mk 14:3; Jn 11:2 So the house was filled with the fragrance of the perfume.
4Then one of his disciples, Judas Iscariot#Mt 26:14; Mk 3:19 (who was about to betray him), said, 5“Why wasn’t this perfume sold for three hundred denarii#12:5 A denarius = one day’s wage#Mt 18:28 and given to the poor?” 6He didn’t say this because he cared about the poor but because he was a thief.#Jn 10:1 He was in charge of the money-bag and would steal part of what was put in it.
7Jesus answered, “Leave her alone; she has kept it for the day of my burial.#Jn 19:40 8For you always have the poor with you,#Dt 15:11but you do not always have me.”
The Decision to Kill Lazarus
9Then a large crowd of the Jews learned he was there. They came not only because of Jesus but also to see Lazarus, the one he had raised from the dead.#Jn 21:14 10But the chief priests had decided to kill Lazarus also, 11because he was the reason many of the Jews were deserting them#12:11 Lit going away and believing in Jesus.
The Triumphal Entry
12The#Mt 21:1-11; Mk 11:1-11; Lk 19:28-44 next day, when the large crowd that had come to the festival heard that Jesus was coming to Jerusalem, 13they took palm branches#Lv 23:40; Rv 7:9 and went out to meet him. They kept shouting:
“Hosanna! # Lk 1:42
Blessed is he who comes in the name of the Lord # 12:13 Ps 118:25-26 # Ps 118:25-26 — the King of Israel!” # Jn 1:49
14Jesus found a young donkey#Lk 13:15 and sat on it, just as it is written:
15 Do not be afraid, # Jn 6:20
Daughter Zion. Look, your King is coming,
sitting on a donkey’s colt. # 12:15 Zch 9:9 # Zch 9:9
16His disciples did not understand these things at first. However, when Jesus was glorified, then they remembered that these things had been written about him#Jn 2:22; 14:26 and that they had done these things to him.
17Meanwhile, the crowd, which had been with him when he called Lazarus out of the tomb#Jn 5:28 and raised him from the dead, continued to testify.#12:17 Other mss read Meanwhile the crowd, which had been with him, continued to testify that he had called Lazarus out of the tomb and raised him from the dead. 18This is also why the crowd met him, because they heard he had done this sign. 19Then the Pharisees said to one another, “You see? You’ve accomplished nothing. Look, the world has gone after him!” #Mk 15:6-15; Lk 19:39-44; Jn 11:47-48; 12:36-43; 19:15
Jesus Predicts His Crucifixion
20Now some Greeks were among those who went up to worship at the festival. 21So they came to Philip,#Mk 3:18 who was from Bethsaida#Mt 11:21; Mk 6:45; 8:22; Lk 9:10; 10:13; Jn 1:44 in Galilee,#Mt 17:22 and requested of him, “Sir,#Col 3:22 we want to see Jesus.” 22Philip went and told Andrew;#Jn 6:8 then Andrew and Philip went and told Jesus.
23Jesus replied to them, “The hour has come for the Son of Man#Mk 2:10to be glorified. 24Truly I tell you, unless a grain of wheat#Lk 16:7falls to the ground and dies, it remains by itself. But if it dies, it produces much fruit.#1Co 15:36 25The one who loves his life will lose it,#Jn 10:28and the one who hates#Lk 6:27; 19:14his life#Mt 10:39in this world will keep it for eternal life. 26If anyone serves me, he must follow me. Where I am, there my servant#1Co 3:5also will be.#Jn 14:3; 17:24; 2Co 5:8; Php 1:23; 1Th 4:17If anyone serves me, the Father will honor#1Tm 5:3him.
27 “Now my soul is troubled. What should I say — Father, save me # Ps 3:7 from this hour? But that is why I came to this hour. 28Father, glorify your name.”#12:28 Other mss read your Son#Jn 10:25; Ac 15:14; Rv 14:1
Then a voice # Jn 5:37 came from heaven: # Rv 14:13 “I have glorified it, and I will glorify it again.” # Jn 11:4; 17:1; 1Pt 2:12
29The crowd standing there heard it and said it was thunder. Others said, “An angel has spoken to him.”
30Jesus responded, “This voice came, not for me, but for you.#Jn 11:42 31Now is the judgment of this world.#Lk 4:6Now the ruler of this world#Jn 3:16; 14:30; 16:11will be cast out.#Col 2:15; 1Jn 3:8 32As for me, if I am lifted up#12:32 Or exalted, also in v. 34from the earth I will draw all people to myself.”#Jn 11:51 33He said this to indicate what kind of death he was about to die.#Jn 18:32
34Then the crowd replied to him, “We have heard from the law that the Messiah will remain forever.#Ps 89:36; Jn 15:4; 1Jn 2:17 So how can you say, ‘The Son of Man#Mk 2:10 must be lifted up’? Who is this Son of Man?”
35Jesus answered, “The light will be with you only a little longer.#Ps 118:27; Jn 7:33; 9:4Walk while you have the light#Ps 36:9; Jn 12:46; 1Jn 2:8so that darkness doesn’t overtake you.#Php 3:12The one who walks in darkness doesn’t know where he’s going.#Jn 7:28; 8:14; 1Jn 2:11 36While you have the light,#Jn 7:33; 1Th 5:5believe in the light so that you may become children of light.” Jesus said this, then went away and hid from them.#Lk 4:30
Isaiah’s Prophecies Fulfilled
37Even though he had performed so many signs in their presence, they did not believe in him. 38This was to fulfill#Mt 1:22 the word of Isaiah#Mt 3:3; 4:14; 12:17 the prophet, who said:#12:38 Lit which he said
Lord, who has believed our message?
And to whom has the arm # Ex 15:16 of the Lord been revealed?#12:38Is 53:1#Is 53:1
39This is why they were unable to believe, because Isaiah also said:
40 He has blinded # Jn 8:59 their eyes
and hardened their hearts, # Heb 3:8
so that they would not see with their eyes
or understand with their hearts,
and turn, # Is 56:3,6; Mt 18:3; 23:15; Ac 15:3; 28:27; Rm 16:5; 1Tm 3:6
and I would heal them. # 12:40 Is 6:10 # Is 6:10; 1Pt 2:24
41Isaiah said these things because#12:41 Other mss read when he saw his glory#Mk 10:37; Jn 17:24 and spoke about him.
42Nevertheless, many did believe in him even among the rulers,#Lk 8:41 but because of the Pharisees they did not confess him, so that they would not be banned from the synagogue. 43For they loved human praise#Php 3:19 more than praise from God.#Lk 9:32; 2Co 3:18; 1Th 2:4; 2Pt 3:18
A Summary of Jesus’s Mission
44Jesus cried out, “The one who believes in me#Jn 6:35believes not in me, but in him who sent me. 45And the one who sees me sees him#Jn 14:9who sent me. 46I have come as light into the world, so that everyone who believes in me would not remain in darkness. 47If anyone hears my words and doesn’t keep#Lk 11:28; 2Tm 1:14; 2Pt 3:17them, I do not judge him; for I did not come to judge the world#Lk 6:37; Jn 3:18; 8:15; Rv 6:10but to save the world.#Jn 3:17; Ac 16:30; Eph 2:8 48The one who rejects me#Lk 10:16and doesn’t receive my sayings has this as his judge: #12:48 Lit has the one judging himThe word I have spoken will judge him on the last day.#Jn 2:4; 6:39; 1Pt 1:5; 3:3; 2Pt 3:3; Jd 18 49For I have not spoken on my own, but the Father#Mt 11:27himself who sent me has given me a command to say everything I have said. 50I know that his command is eternal life.#Jn 5:26; 12:25; Ac 13:48; 1Jn 2:25So the things that I speak, I speak just as the Father has told me.”#Jn 5:19; 14:24