Hosea 13

Hosea 13

1When Ephraim spoke,#Jb 29:21–22 there was trembling;
he was exalted in Israel.#Jdg 8:1; 12:1
But he incurred guilt through Baal#Hs 2:8–17; 11:2 and died.
2Now they continue to sin
and make themselves a cast image,#Is 46:6; Jr 10:4; Hs 2:8
idols skillfully made from their silver,#Is 44:17–20
all of them the work of craftsmen.#Hs 8:6
People say about them,
“Let the men who sacrifice#13:2 Or “Those who make human sacrifices kiss the calves.”#Hs 8:5–6; 10:5
3Therefore, they will be like the morning mist,#Hs 6:4
like the early dew that vanishes,
like chaff blown from a threshing floor,#Ps 1:4; Is 17:13; Dn 2:35
or like smoke from a window.#Ps 68:2
Death and Resurrection
4I have been the Lord your God#Hs 12:9
ever since#13:4 DSS, LXX read God who brought you out of the land of Egypt;
you know no God but me,#Ex 20:3; 2Kg 18:35
and no Savior exists besides me.#Is 43:11; 45:21–22
5I knew#13:5 LXX, Syr read fed you in the wilderness,#Dt 32:10
in the land of drought.
6When they had pasture,
they became satisfied;#Dt 8:12,14; 32:13–15; Jr 5:7
they were satisfied,
and their hearts became proud.#Hs 7:14
Therefore they forgot me.#Hs 2:13; 4:6; 8:14
7So I will be like a lion#Hs 5:14 to them;
I will lurk like a leopard#Jr 5:6 on the path.
8I will attack them
like a bear robbed of her cubs
and tear open the rib cage over their hearts.
I will devour them there like a lioness,#Ps 50:22
like a wild beast that would rip them open.
9I will destroy you, Israel;
you have no help but me.#13:9 LXX reads At your destruction, Israel, who will help you?#Jr 2:17,19; Hs 6:1–2; Mal 1:12–13
10Where now is your king,#13:10 LXX, Syr, Vg; MT reads I will be your king#2Kg 17:4; Hs 8:4
that he may save you in all your cities,
and the#13:10 Lit your rulers#13:10 Or judges#Hs 7:7 you demanded, saying,
“Give me a king and leaders”?
11I give you a king in my anger#1Sm 8:7
and take away a king in my wrath.#1Kg 14:7–10; Hs 10:7
12Ephraim’s guilt is preserved;
his sin is stored up.#Dt 32:34–35; Jb 14:17; Rm 2:5
13Labor pains come on him.#Mc 4:9–10
He is not a wise son;#Dt 32:6; Hs 5:4
when the time comes,
he will not be born.#13:13 Lit he will not present himself at the opening of the womb for sons#Is 37:3; 66:9
14I will ransom them from the power of Sheol.
I will redeem#13:14 Or Should I ransom...? Should I redeem...? them from death.#Hs 6:1–2
Death, where are your barbs?
Sheol, where is your sting?#1Co 15:55
Compassion is hidden from my eyes.#Jr 20:16; 31:35–37
The Coming Judgment
15Although he flourishes among his brothers,#13:15 Or among reeds#Gn 49:22; Hs 10:1
an east wind will come,#Gn 41:6; Jr 4:11–12; Ezk 17:10; 19:12
a wind from the Lord rising up from the desert.
His water source will fail,
and his spring will run dry.#Jr 51:36
The wind#13:15 Probably the Assyrian king will plunder the treasury#Jr 20:5
of every precious item.
16Samaria#Hs 7:1 will bear her guilt#Hs 10:2
because she has rebelled against her God.#Hs 7:14
They will fall by the sword;#Hs 11:6
their children will be dashed to pieces,#Hs 10:14
and their pregnant women ripped open.#2Kg 15:16

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