1But the Lord replied to Moses, “Now you will see what I will do to Pharaoh: because of a strong hand he will let them go, and because of a strong hand he will drive them from his land.”#Ex 3:19; 12:31,33,39
God Promises Freedom
2Then God spoke to Moses, telling him, “I am the Lord. 3I appeared to Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob as God Almighty, but I was not known to them by my name ‘the Lord.’#6:3 Lord (in small capitals) stands for the personal name of God, which in Hb is Yahweh. There is a long tradition of substituting “Lord” for “Yahweh” out of reverence.#Gn 17:1; Ex 3:14; Ps 68:4; 83:18; Jn 8:58 4I also established my covenant with them to give them the land of Canaan, the land they lived in as aliens.#Gn 15:18; 28:4 5Furthermore, I have heard the groaning of the Israelites, whom the Egyptians are forcing to work as slaves, and I have remembered#Gn 9:15; Ex 2:24; 1Ch 16:15; Ps 105:8; 106:45; 111:4 my covenant.
6“Therefore tell the Israelites: I am the Lord, and I will bring you out from the forced labor of the Egyptians and rescue you from slavery to them. I will redeem you with an outstretched arm#Ex 3:17; Dt 7:8; 26:8; 1Ch 17:21 and great acts of judgment. 7I will take you as my people,#Dt 4:20; 2Sm 7:24 and I will be your God. You will know#Ex 16:12; 29:45; Is 41:20; Rv 21:7 that I am the Lord your God, who brought you out from the forced labor of the Egyptians. 8I will bring you to the land that I swore#6:8 Lit raised my hand#Gn 14:22; 15:18; 26:3 to give to Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, and I will give it to you as a possession. I am the Lord.” 9Moses told this to the Israelites, but they did not listen#Ex 5:21; Ac 7:25 to him because of their broken spirit and hard labor.
10Then the Lord spoke to Moses, 11“Go and tell Pharaoh king of Egypt to let the Israelites go from his land.”
12But Moses said in the Lord’s presence, “If the Israelites will not listen to me, then how will Pharaoh listen to me, since I am such a poor speaker?” #6:12 Lit I have uncircumcised lips, also in v. 30#Ex 4:10; 6:30; Jr 1:6 13Then the Lord spoke to Moses and Aaron and gave them commands concerning both the Israelites and Pharaoh king of Egypt to bring the Israelites out of the land of Egypt.
Genealogy of Moses and Aaron
14These are the heads of their fathers’ families:
The sons of Reuben,#Gn 46:9; 1Ch 5:3 the firstborn of Israel:
Hanoch and Pallu, Hezron and Carmi.
These are the clans of Reuben.
15The sons of Simeon:#Gn 46:10; 1Ch 4:24
Jemuel, Jamin, Ohad, Jachin,
Zohar, and Shaul, the son of a Canaanite woman.
These are the clans of Simeon.
16These are the names of the sons of Levi
according to their family records;
Gershon, Kohath, and Merari.#Gn 46:11; Nm 3:17
Levi lived 137 years.
17The sons of Gershon:
Libni and Shimei, by their clans.
18The sons of Kohath:
Amram, Izhar, Hebron, and Uzziel.
Kohath lived 133 years.
19The sons of Merari:
Mahli and Mushi.
These are the clans of the Levites#Nm 3:18–20; 1Ch 6:17–19; 23:21
according to their family records.
20Amram married his father’s sister Jochebed,
and she bore him Aaron and Moses.#Ex 2:1–2; Nm 26:59
Amram lived 137 years.
21The sons of Izhar:#Nm 16:1; 1Ch 6:37–38
Korah, Nepheg, and Zichri.
22The sons of Uzziel:
Mishael, Elzaphan,#Lv 10:4; Nm 3:30 and Sithri.
23Aaron married Elisheba,
daughter of Amminadab#Ru 4:19–20; 1Ch 2:10; Mt 1:4 and sister of Nahshon.
She bore him Nadab and Abihu, Eleazar and Ithamar.#Lv 10:1; Nm 3:2; 26:60
24The sons of Korah:#Nm 26:11; 1Ch 6:22–23,37
Assir, Elkanah, and Abiasaph.
These are the clans of the Korahites.
25Aaron’s son Eleazar married
one of the daughters of Putiel,
and she bore him Phinehas.#Nm 25:7,11; Jos 24:33; Ps 106:30
These are the heads of the Levite families by their clans.
26It was this Aaron and Moses whom the Lord told, “Bring the Israelites out of the land of Egypt according to their military divisions.”#Ex 7:4; 12:17,51; Nm 33:1 27Moses and Aaron were the ones who spoke to Pharaoh king of Egypt in order to bring the Israelites out of Egypt.
Moses and Aaron before Pharaoh
28On the day the Lord spoke to Moses in the land of Egypt, 29he said to him, “I am the Lord;#Ex 6:11; 7:2 tell Pharaoh king of Egypt everything I am telling you.”
30But Moses replied in the Lord’s presence, “Since I am such a poor speaker,#Ex 4:10; 6:12 how will Pharaoh listen to me?”