1Paul, an apostle of Christ Jesus by God’s will,#1Co 1:1; Eph 1:1; Col 1:1; 2Tm 1:1 and Timothy#1Th 3:2; 1Tm 1:2 our#1:1 Lit the brother:
To the church of God at Corinth,#1Co 1:2 with all the saints who are throughout Achaia.#Ac 18:12; Php 1:1
2Grace to you and peace#Lk 12:51; Rm 1:7; 2Tm 1:2; 3Jn 14 from God our Father#Mt 5:16; 11:27; Lk 11:13; Jn 8:42; Eph 5:20 and the Lord Jesus Christ.
The God of Comfort
3Blessed be#Mk 14:61 the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of mercies#Heb 10:28 and the God of all comfort.#Lk 2:25 4He comforts us in all our affliction,#1:4 Or trouble, or tribulation, or trials, or oppression so that we may be able to comfort those who are in any kind of affliction, through the comfort we ourselves receive from God. 5For just as the sufferings#Gl 5:24; Php 3:10 of Christ#Rm 8:17; 2Co 4:10; Gl 6:17; Php 3:10; Col 1:24 overflow to us, so also through Christ our comfort overflows.#Php 1:29 6If we are afflicted,#Heb 11:37 it is for your comfort and salvation. If we are comforted, it is for your comfort, which produces in you patient endurance of the same sufferings that we suffer.#Php 1:29 7And our hope#1Th 1:3 for you is firm, because we know that as you share#Phm 17 in the sufferings, so you will also share in the comfort.
8We don’t want you to be unaware, brothers and sisters, of our affliction that took place in Asia.#Ac 6:9 We were completely overwhelmed — beyond our strength#Ac 8:10; 1Co 15:24; Eph 1:21; 1Pt 3:22 — so that we even despaired#2Co 4:8 of life itself. 9Indeed, we felt that we had received the sentence of death, so that we would not trust in ourselves but in God#Ps 25:2; 26:1; Jr 17:5–7; Lk 18:9 who raises#Mk 9:27; Jn 2:19 the dead. 10He has delivered#Mt 27:43 us from such a terrible death,#Mt 10:21; Jn 8:51; Php 3:10 and he will deliver us. We have put our hope in him that he will deliver us again 11while you join in helping us by your prayers. Then many will give thanks on our#1:11 Other mss read your behalf for the gift that came to us through the prayers of many.
A Clear Conscience
12Indeed, this is our boast: The testimony#1Tm 2:6 of our conscience#Heb 13:18 is that we have conducted ourselves in the world, and especially toward you, with godly sincerity and purity, not by human wisdom#Pr 3:19; 1Co 1:21 but by God’s grace.#Ac 23:1; 2Co 4:2; 5:12; 1Th 2:10 13For we are writing nothing to you other than what you can read and also understand. I hope you will understand completely — 14just as you have partially understood us — that we are your reason for pride,#Rm 2:17; Gl 6:4 just as you also are ours#2Co 9:3; Php 2:16; 4:1; 1Th 2:19–20 in the day of our#1:14 Other mss omit our Lord Jesus.#Php 1:6
A Visit Postponed
15Because of this confidence, I planned to come to you first,#Ac 18:1–18; 1Co 4:19 so that you could have a second benefit,#1:15 Other mss read a second joy 16and to visit you on my way to Macedonia,#Ac 16:9 and then come to you again from Macedonia and be helped by you#Ac 20:38 on my journey#Ac 19:21; 1Co 16:5–7 to Judea.#Lk 1:5 17Now when I planned this, was I of two minds? Or what I plan, do I plan in a purely human#1:17 Or a worldly, or a fleshly, or a selfish#Php 3:3; Col 3:22 way so that I say “Yes, yes” and “No, no” at the same time? 18As God is faithful,#Nm 23:19 our message to you is not “Yes and no.” 19For the Son of God,#Jn 5:19; Heb 1:2 Jesus Christ, whom we proclaimed among you — Silvanus,#1:19 Or Silas; Ac 15:22–32; 16:19–40; 17:1–16#1Th 1:1 Timothy, and I — did not become “Yes and no.” On the contrary, in him it is always “Yes.”#Heb 13:8 20For every one of God’s promises#Gn 12:7 is “Yes” in him. Therefore, through him we also say “Amen”#Ps 72:19; Rv 22:21 to the glory of God.#Mk 10:37; Lk 9:32; Jn 17:24; 2Co 3:18; 2Pt 3:18 21Now it is God who strengthens us together with you in Christ, and who has anointed#Lk 4:18; 1Jn 2:20 us. 22He has also put his seal on us and given us the Spirit in our hearts#Jms 4:5 as a down payment.#Eph 1:14
23I call on God as a witness,#Rm 1:9; Php 1:8; Heb 12:1 on my life, that it was to spare you that I did not come to Corinth.#1Co 4:21; 2Co 13:2,10 24I do not mean that we lord it over your faith, but we are workers with you for your joy, because you stand firm in your#Pr 24:16 faith.