First Seal: The Conqueror
1Now #Is. 53:7; (John 1:29; Rev. 5:5–7, 12; 13:8)I saw when the Lamb opened one of the seals; and I heard #Rev. 4:7one of the four living creatures saying with a voice like thunder, “Come and see.” 2And I looked, and behold, #Zech. 1:8; 6:3a white horse. #Ps. 45:4, 5, LXXHe who sat on it had a bow; #Zech. 6:11; Rev. 9:7; 14:14; 19:12and a crown was given to him, and he went out #Matt. 24:5; Rev. 3:21conquering and to conquer.
Second Seal: Conflict on Earth
3When He opened the second seal, #Rev. 4:7I heard the second living creature saying, “Come and see.” 4#Zech. 1:8; 6:2Another horse, fiery red, went out. And it was granted to the one who sat on it to #Matt. 24:6, 7take peace from the earth, and that people should kill one another; and there was given to him a great sword.
Third Seal: Scarcity on Earth
5When He opened the third seal, #Rev. 4:7I heard the third living creature say, “Come and see.” So I looked, and behold, #Zech. 6:2, 6a black horse, and he who sat on it had a pair of #Matt. 24:7scales in his hand. 6And I heard a voice in the midst of the four living creatures saying, “A quart of wheat for a denarius, and three quarts of barley for a denarius; and #Rev. 7:3; 9:4do not harm the oil and the wine.”
Fourth Seal: Widespread Death on Earth
7When He opened the fourth seal, #Rev. 4:7I heard the voice of the fourth living creature saying, “Come and see.” 8#Zech. 6:3So I looked, and behold, a pale horse. And the name of him who sat on it was Death, and Hades followed with him. And power was given to them over a fourth of the earth, #Jer. 14:12; 15:2; 24:10; 29:17; Ezek. 5:12, 17; 14:21; 29:5; Matt. 24:9to kill with sword, with hunger, with death, #Lev. 26:22and by the beasts of the earth.
Fifth Seal: The Cry of the Martyrs
9When He opened the fifth seal, I saw under #Rev. 8:3the altar #(Rev. 20:4)the souls of those who had been slain #Rev. 1:2, 9for the word of God and for #2 Tim. 1:8the testimony which they held. 10And they cried with a loud voice, saying, #Ps. 13:1–6; Zech. 1:12“How long, O Lord, #Rev. 3:7holy and true, #Rev. 11:18until You judge and avenge our blood on those who dwell on the earth?” 11Then a #Rev. 3:4, 5; 7:9white robe was given to each of them; and it was said to them #Heb. 11:40that they should rest a little while longer, until both the number of their fellow servants and their brethren, who would be killed as they were, was completed.
Sixth Seal: Cosmic Disturbances
12I looked when He opened the sixth seal, #Matt. 24:7; Rev. 8:5; 11:13; 16:18and behold, there was a great earthquake; and #Is. 13:10; Joel 2:10, 31; 3:15; Matt. 24:29; Mark 13:24the sun became black as sackcloth of hair, and the moon became like blood. 13#Matt. 24:29; Mark 13:25; Rev. 8:10; 9:1And the stars of heaven fell to the earth, as a fig tree drops its late figs when it is shaken by a mighty wind. 14#Ps. 102:26; Is. 34:4; (2 Pet. 3:10); Rev. 20:11; 21:1Then the sky receded as a scroll when it is rolled up, and #Jer. 3:23; Rev. 16:20every mountain and island was moved out of its place. 15And the #Ps. 2:2–4kings of the earth, the great men, the rich men, the commanders, the mighty men, every slave and every free man, #Is. 2:10, 19, 21; 24:21; Rev. 19:18hid themselves in the caves and in the rocks of the mountains, 16#Hos. 10:8; Luke 23:29, 30; Rev. 9:6and said to the mountains and rocks, “Fall on us and hide us from the face of Him who #Rev. 20:11sits on the throne and from the wrath of the Lamb! 17For the great day of His wrath has come, #Is. 63:4; Jer. 30:7; Joel 1:15; 2:1, 11, 31; Zeph. 1:14; Rev. 16:14and who is able to stand?”