Jesus’ Authority Questioned
1Now #Matt. 21:23–27; Mark 11:27–33it happened on one of those days, as He taught the people in the temple and preached the gospel, that the chief priests and the scribes, together with the elders, confronted Him 2and spoke to Him, saying, “Tell us, #Acts 4:7; 7:27by what authority are You doing these things? Or who is he who gave You this authority?”
3But He answered and said to them, “I also will ask you one thing, and answer Me: 4The #John 1:26, 31baptism of John—was it from heaven or from men?”
5And they reasoned among themselves, saying, “If we say, ‘From heaven,’ He will say, ‘Why then did you not believe him?’ 6But if we say, ‘From men,’ all the people will stone us, #Matt. 14:5; 21:26; Mark 6:20; Luke 7:24–30for they are persuaded that John was a prophet.” 7So they answered that they did not know where it was from.
8And Jesus said to them, “Neither will I tell you by what authority I do these things.”
The Parable of the Wicked Vinedressers
9Then He began to tell the people this parable: #Ps. 80:8; Matt. 21:33–46; Mark 12:1–12“A certain man planted a vineyard, leased it to vinedressers, and went into a far country for a long time. 10Now at vintage-time he #2 Kin. 17:13, 14; 2 Chr. 36:15, 16; (Acts 7:52; 1 Thess. 2:15)sent a servant to the vinedressers, that they might give him some of the fruit of the vineyard. But the vinedressers beat him and sent him away empty-handed. 11Again he sent another servant; and they beat him also, treated him shamefully, and sent him away empty-handed. 12And again he sent a third; and they wounded him also and cast him out.
13“Then the owner of the vineyard said, ‘What shall I do? I will send my beloved son. Probably they will respect him when they see him.’ 14But when the vinedressers saw him, they reasoned among themselves, saying, ‘This is the #(Heb. 1:1–3)heir. Come, #Matt. 27:21–23let us kill him, that the inheritance may be #John 11:47, 48ours.’ 15So they cast him out of the vineyard and #Luke 23:33; Acts 2:22, 23; 3:15killed him. Therefore what will the owner of the vineyard do to them? 16He will come and destroy those vinedressers and give the vineyard to #(John 1:11–13); Rom. 11:1, 11; 1 Cor. 6:15; Gal. 2:17; 3:21; 6:14others.”
And when they heard it they said, “Certainly not!”
17Then He looked at them and said, “What then is this that is written:
#Ps. 118:22; Matt. 21:42; 1 Pet. 2:7, 8‘The stone which the builders rejected
Has become the chief cornerstone’?
18Whoever falls on that stone will be #Is. 8:14, 15broken; but #(Dan. 2:34, 35, 44, 45); Matt. 21:44on whomever it falls, it will grind him to powder.”
19And the chief priests and the scribes that very hour sought to lay hands on Him, but they feared the people —for they knew He had spoken this parable against them.
The Pharisees: Is It Lawful to Pay Taxes to Caesar?
20#Matt. 22:15So they watched Him, and sent spies who pretended to be righteous, that they might seize on His words, in order to deliver Him to the power and the authority of the governor.
21Then they asked Him, saying, #Matt. 22:16; Mark 12:14“Teacher, we know that You say and teach rightly, and You do not show personal favoritism, but teach the way of God in truth: 22Is it lawful for us to pay taxes to Caesar or not?”
23But He perceived their craftiness, and said to them, “Why do you test Me? 24Show Me a denarius. Whose image and inscription does it have?”
They answered and said, “Caesar’s.”
25And He said to them, #Matt. 17:24–27; Rom. 13:7; (1 Pet. 2:13–17)“Render therefore to Caesar the things that are Caesar’s, and to God the things that are God’s.”
26But they could not catch Him in His words in the presence of the people. And they marveled at His answer and kept silent.
The Sadducees: What About the Resurrection?
27#Matt. 22:23–33; Mark 12:18–27Then some of the Sadducees, #Acts 23:6, 8who deny that there is a resurrection, came to Him and asked Him, 28saying: “Teacher, Moses wrote to us that if a man’s brother dies, having a wife, and he dies without children, his brother should take his wife and raise up offspring for his brother. 29Now there were seven brothers. And the first took a wife, and died without children. 30And the second took her as wife, and he died childless. 31Then the third took her, and in like manner the seven also; and they left no children, and died. 32Last of all the woman died also. 33Therefore, in the resurrection, whose wife does she become? For all seven had her as wife.”
34Jesus answered and said to them, “The sons of this age marry and are given in marriage. 35But those who are #Phil. 3:11counted worthy to attain that age, and the resurrection from the dead, neither marry nor are given in marriage; 36nor can they die anymore, for #(1 Cor. 15:42, 49, 52; 1 John 3:2)they are equal to the angels and are sons of God, #Rom. 8:23being sons of the resurrection. 37But even Moses showed in the burning bush passage that the dead are raised, when he called the Lord #Ex. 3:1–6, 15; Acts 7:30–32‘the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob.’ 38For He is not the God of the dead but of the living, for #(Rom. 6:10, 11; 14:8, 9; Heb. 11:16)all live to Him.”
39Then some of the scribes answered and said, “Teacher, You have spoken well.” 40But after that they dared not question Him anymore.
Jesus: How Can David Call His Descendant Lord?
41And He said to them, #Matt. 22:41–46; Mark 12:35–37“How can they say that the Christ is the Son of David? 42Now David himself said in the Book of Psalms:
#Ps. 110:1; Acts 2:34, 35‘The Lord said to my Lord,
“Sit at My right hand,
43Till I make Your enemies Your footstool.” ’
44Therefore David calls Him ‘Lord’; #Acts 13:22, 23; Rom. 1:3; 9:4, 5how is He then his Son?”
Beware of the Scribes
45#Matt. 23:1–7; Mark 12:38–40Then, in the hearing of all the people, He said to His disciples, 46#Matt. 23:5“Beware of the scribes, who desire to go around in long robes, #Luke 11:43; 14:7love greetings in the marketplaces, the best seats in the synagogues, and the best places at feasts, 47#Matt. 23:14who devour widows’ houses, and for a #(Matt. 6:5, 6)pretense make long prayers. These will receive greater condemnation.”