3. The “Golden Rule” principle had been in existence before Jesus gave the Sermon on the Mount. It was just given in a positive manner rather than a negative. It was given in an active manner rather than a passive one. The “Silver Rule” had been given before.
Hillel, a Jewish Rabbi, "Do not do to your neighbor what is hateful to yourself."
Socrates, "What stirs you to anger when done to you by others, do not do to others."
Aristotle, "We should bear ourselves toward others as we would desire they should bear themselves toward us."
Confucius, "What you do not want done to yourself, do not do to others."