1 John 4:10
“In this is love, not that we have loved God but that he loved us and sent his Son to be the propitiation for our sins.”
The Declaration of Creation! (v. 33)
“And when the sixth hour had come, there was darkness over the whole land until the ninth hour.”
Darkness is a symbol of judgement.
“ ‘And on that day,’ declares the Lord God, ‘I will make the sun go down at noon and darken the earth in broad daylight. I will turn your feasts into mourning and all your songs into lamentation; I will bring sackcloth on every waist and baldness on every head; I will make it like the mourning for an only son and the end of it like a bitter day.’ ”
Why is darkness significant at the cross?
Because it reminds us that the whole world stands guilty before God.
Romans 3:9-12, 18-20
“…both Jews and Greeks, are under sin, as it is written: ‘None is righteous, no, not one; no one understands; no one seeks for God. All have turned aside; together they have become worthless; no one does good, not even one.’…There is no fear of God before their eyes. Now we know that whatever the law says it speaks to those who are under the law, so that every mouth may be stopped, and the whole world may be held accountable to God.”
Is there a remedy for our guilt?
Not without dealing with the real problem of sin. Good news! God is the answer for it all.
Forgiveness is the only answer to guilt—God’s forgiveness.
The Declaration of Redemption (v. 34-37)
“And at the ninth hour Jesus cried with a loud voice, ‘Eloi, Eloi, lema sabachthani?’ which means, ‘My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?’ And some of the bystanders hearing it said, ‘Behold, he is calling Elijah.’And someone ran and filled a sponge with sour wine, put it on a reed and gave it to him to drink, saying, ‘Wait, let us see whether Elijah will come to take him down.’ And Jesus uttered a loud cry and breathed his last.”
When Jesus said those words he had not come to a breaking point and lost his mind. Jesus still knew what he was talking about because he is quoting Psalm 22.
Psalm 22:1, 14-18
“My God, my God, why have you forsaken me? Why are you so far from saving me, from the words of my groaning?
I am poured out like water, and all my bones are out of joint; my heart is like wax; it is melted within my breast; my strength is dried up like a potsherd, and my tongue sticks to my jaws; you lay me in the dust of death. For dogs encompass me; a company of evildoers encircles me; they have pierced my hands and feet—I can count all my bones—they stare and gloat over me; they divide my garments among them, and for my clothing they cast lots.”
David was not sharing about something that had happened to him as he often does in the Psalms— this is a prophecy of a death by crucifixion—Jesus’ crucifixion.
Charles Haddon Spurgeon
“This is beyond all others the psalm of the cross... We should read reverently, putting off our shoes from off our feet, as Moses did at the burning bush, for if there be holy ground anywhere in Scripture it is in this Psalm.”
If God the Father didn’t turn away from Jesus at the cross how did he forsake him?
The Father forsook the Son to his death, at the hands of these sinful people, for us and our salvation.
The Declaration of Salvation (v.37-39)
“And Jesus uttered a loud cry and breathed his last. And the curtain of the temple was torn in two, from top to bottom. And when the centurion, who stood facing him, saw that in this way he breathed his last, he said, ‘Truly this man was the Son of God!’ ”
“And he took bread, and when he had given thanks, he broke it and gave it to them, saying, ‘This is my body, which is given for you. Do this in remembrance of me.’ And likewise the cup after they had eaten, saying, ‘This cup that is poured out for you is the new covenant in my blood. But behold, the hand of him who betrays me is with me on the table. For the Son of Man goes as it has been determined, but woe to that man by whom he is betrayed!’ ”
2 Corinthians 5:21
“For our sake he made him to be sin who knew no sin, so that in him we might become the righteousness of God.”