Nehemiah cared about what was happening in his hometown.
You might think that here’s a guy that lived all his life in Babylon / Persia really didn’t know much about Judah. He’s living a pretty good life, has a good job, highly respected, why would he care about a country that was over 1000 miles away?
Because he cared about something more than himself.
For God to be able to use us for great things, we need to be able to care about things other than ourselves. We have to be willing to go out on a limb.
Not to remain comfortable where we are, not be afraid to rock the boat.
So he hears about the sad shape of Judah and Jerusalem.
It sounds like he is more disturbed about the walls and gates, but his question was about people, not the structure of the city.