The original meaning of the Greek word (katalagge) translated as “reconciliation” is to exchange one thing for anotherthing of the same value. It was used, for example, to describe the exchange of coins for others of equal value. I am giving you this much… you have to give me the same value. We still use this meaning of the word “reconciliation” today.
This original meaning of “exchange in equal amount” gave birth to a legal use of the term as “reconciliation” between two disputing parties in court. It was also used for people that simply move from hatred and hostility to harmony. They are now reconciled!
The term contains a strong sense of “being even”. We’re even! Like in You owe me money…I’m gonna confiscate your Or like in You broke the taillight on my car, so I slashed your tires. We’re even!
Paul says: God has reconciled us to Himself… through Jesus Christ.So are we now even? Paul senses that the word he uses can be misleading, so he feels the need to explain…