Gardendale First Baptist Church
LEAD - Studying the Word of God
LEAD is a program developed by the leadership at GFBC to equip and develop others. It is designed to focus on three key areas of a leader's life through prayer, studying, and evangelism.
Locations & Times
  • GFBC North Campus
    316 Mountain Crest Pkwy, Gardendale, AL 35071, USA
    Sunday 5:00 PM
February 25 | Pastor Jamin Grubbs & Pastor Madison Terry

Please be in prayer for our Haiti Mission Team. Dates: February 16-23
- Caleb Alford
- Doug Alford
- Mitchell Brown
- Wendy Cantrell
- Frantzcy Ceneus
- Ruth Ceneus
- Ronnie Clement
- Cheri Cunningham
- Rebekah Gregory
- Will Hardman
- Hanna Ray Hardman
- Mark Harrison
- Jan Howell
- Lauren Krehl
- Joseph Labbe
- Angelia Reid
- Michael Smith
- Erinne Weber

Do you have your Watchword for 2018?
Pastor Kevin will be preaching his annual message on his watchword next Sunday, February 25! Ask God for your personal watchword for 2018! You'll be amazed how God will use it to bless you, encourage you and grow you!!

Security Training SeminarSunday, March 4@5:00 p.m. in the Celebration Room
If you serve as a Greeter, Usher, Shuttle Driver, lifegroup Leader or are a member of GFBC's Security or Medical Team, please plan to attend this training.
I have found that my spiritual growth is directly proportionate to the amount of time and effort I put into the study of Scripture.—John MacArthur
Agenda for Tonight
1. How to Study the Bible
1.1 Have a good Bible or Study Bible that works for you.
1.2 Have a journal
1.3 Have a reading plan
1.4. Have a set time
1.5 Study every day
1.6 Use a Bible Study System

Here is the Basics of the Journey Map

Step 1: Grasping the Text in Their Town.

Question: What did the text mean to the biblical audience?

The first part of Step 1 is to read the text carefully and observe it. In Step 1, try to see as much as possible in the text. Look, look, and look again, observing all that you can. Scrutinize the grammar and analyze all significant words. Likewise, study the historical and literary contexts. How does your passage relate to those that precede it and those that follow it?

After completing all of this study, synthesize the meaning of the passage for the biblical audience into one or two sentences. That is, write out what the passage meant for the biblical audience. Use past-tense verbs and refer to the biblical audience.
Step 2: Measuring the Width of the River to Cross

Question: What are the differences between the biblical audience and us?

As mentioned above, the Christian today is separated from the biblical audience by differences in culture, language, situation, time, and often covenant. These differences form a river that hinders us from moving straight from meaning in their context to meaning in ours. The width of the river, however, varies from passage to passage. Sometimes it is extremely wide, requiring a long, substantial bridge for crossing. Other times, however, it is a narrow creek that we can easily hop over. It is obviously important to know just how wide the river is before we start trying to construct a principlizing bridge across it.

In Step 2 you will take a good hard look at the river and determine just how wide it is for the passage you are studying. In this step you look for significant differences between our situation today and the situation of the biblical audience. If you are studying an Old Testament passage, also be sure to identify those significant theological differences that came as a result of the life and work of Jesus Christ.

In addition, whether in the Old Testament or in the New Testament, try to identify any unique aspects of the situation of your passage. For example, in Joshua 1:1–9, the people of Israel are preparing to enter the Promised Land. Moses has just died and Joshua has been appointed to take his place. In this passage God speaks to Joshua to encourage him to be strong and faithful in the upcoming conquest of the land. What are the differences? We are not entering or conquering the Promised Land. We are not the new leaders of the nation of Israel. We are not under the old covenant.
Step 3: Crossing the Principlizing Bridge

Question: What is the theological principle in this text?

This is perhaps the most challenging step. In it you are looking for the theological principle or principles that are reflected in the meaning of the text you identified in Step 1. Remember that this theological principle is part of the meaning. Your task is not to create the meaning but to discover the meaning intended by the author. As God gives specific expressions to specific biblical audiences, he is also giving universal theological teachings for all of his people through these same texts.

To determine the theological principle, first recall the differences you identified in Step 2. Next, try to identify any similarities between the situation of the biblical audience and our situation. For example, consider Joshua 1:1–9 again. Recall, of course, the differences that we identified in Step 2. But then note the similarities between the biblical situation and our own. We are also the people of God, in covenant relationship (new covenant); while we are not the leaders of Israel, nonetheless many of us are in leadership positions in the church; we are not invading the Promised Land, but we are seeking to obey the will of God and to accomplish what he has commanded us to do.

After reviewing the differences and identifying the similarities, return to the meaning for the biblical audience that you described in Step 1 and try to identify a broader theological principle reflected in the text, but also one that relates to the similarities between us and the biblical audience. In essence, the theological principle is the same as the “theological message” or the “main theological point” of the passage. (We will discuss in more detail how to develop theological principles in chapter 10.) We will use this theological principle as the principlizing bridge by which we can cross over the river of differences.

We can summarize the criteria for formulating the theological principle with the following:
- The principle should be reflected in the text.
- The principle should be timeless and not tied to a specific situation.
- The principle should not be culturally bound.
- The principle should correspond to the teaching of the rest of Scripture.
- The principle should be relevant to both the biblical and the contemporary audience.

Write out the theological principle (or principles) in one or two sentences. Use present-tense verbs.
Step 4: Consult the Biblical Map

Question: How does our theological principle fit with the rest of the Bible?

During this step you must enter the parts-whole spiral. That is, you reflect back and forth between the text and the teachings of the rest of Scripture. Is your principle consistent with the rest of Scripture? Do other portions of Scripture add insight or qualification to the principle? If your principle is valid, it ought to “fit” or “correlate” with the rest of the Bible.

If you are studying an Old Testament passage, consulting the biblical map (Step 4) is especially important, for here you will run your theological principle through the grid of the New Testament, looking for what the New Testament adds to that principle or how the New Testament modifies it. Keep in mind that we read and interpret the Old Testament as Christians. That is, although we believe that the Old Testament is part of God’s inspired Word to us, we do not want to ignore the cross and thus interpret and apply this literature as if we were Old Testament Hebrews. We affirm that we are New Testament Christians, and we will interpret the Old Testament from that vantage point.

Thus at the end of this step, sometimes you will need to reword your theological principle slightly to ensure that it fits with the rest of Scripture. Don’t ignore the elements you initially drew on in Step 3, but now fine-tune your principle if it needs it.
Step 5: Grasping the Text in Our Town

Question: How should individual Christians today live out the theological principles?

In Step 5 we apply the theological principle to the specific situation of individual Christians in the church today. We cannot leave the meaning of the text stranded in an abstract theological principle. We must now grapple with how we should respond to that principle in our town. How does it apply in real-life situations today?

While for each passage there will usually be only a few (and often only one) theological principles relevant for all Christians today, there will be numerous applicational possibilities. This is because Christians today find themselves in many different specific situations. Each of us will grasp and apply the same theological principle in slightly different ways, depending on our current life situation and where we are in our relationship with God. In our illustration, we have tried to show the different applications possible by showing different individuals traveling on different streets.

The Interpretive Journey - 1 Timothy 6:10a

Look at how the Interpretive Method applies to 1 Timothy 6:10a.
The articles below may help you as well.

Bible Translations and Context

This is an article that I wrote about Bible Translations and Bible Context.

Observation: What do I see?

Below is an article from Dr. Daniel Akin, President, Southeastern Baptist Theological Seminary
Below is a 4 Day Bible Reading Plan that will get you started in reading God's Word
Below are some resources that you may find helpful.

Blue Letter Bible

Blue Letter Bible provides powerful tools for an in-depth study of God’s Word through our free online reference library, with study tools that are grounded in the historical, conservative Christian faith.

Bible Hub

Bible Hub Online Parallel Bible, search and study tools including parallel texts, cross references, Treasury of Scripture, and commentaries. This site provides quick access to topical studies, interlinears, sermons, Strong's and many more resources.


Sonic Light began in 1996 when a church member at Plano Bible Chapel realized that there was an enormous treasure of Bible study lessons on audio tapes that were not widely used, nor were they easily accessible in series form. These tapes were converted to a computer format where they could be easily accessed by others on the internet.

Lumina Study Bible

Dig into God’s Word Deeper..No matter how you study, the Lumina Bible Study Suite is here to help you

Precept Austin

This site has a lot of commentaries and study helps.
“When you improve a little each day, eventually big things occur. When you improve conditioning a little each day, eventually you have a big improvement in conditioning. Not tomorrow, not the next day, but eventually a big gain is made. Don’t look for the big, quick improvement. Seek the small improvement one day at a time. That’s the only way it happens – and when it happens, it lasts.”-- Coach John Wooden