1. The Jew's Reaction.
It included 4 important things:
• Sackcloth & ashes are outward signs of inward turmoil or repentance.
• Fasting is a voluntary abstinence from food and fluids for spiritual reasons.
• Weeping is a visible sign of mourning.
• Wailing is an audible sign of mourning.
2. Mordecai's Request.