Woe to the Complacent
1Woe to those who are at ease in Zion#Is 32:9–11; Zph 1:12
and to those who feel secure on the hill of Samaria —
the notable people in this first of the nations,
those the house of Israel comes to.
2Cross over to Calneh#Gn 10:10; Is 10:9 and see;
go from there to great Hamath;#1Kg 8:65; 2Kg 18:34; Is 10:9
then go down to Gath#1Sm 5:8; 2Ch 26:6 of the Philistines.
Are you better than these kingdoms?
Is their territory larger than yours?
3You dismiss any thought of the evil day#Am 9:10
and bring in a reign of violence.#Am 3:10
4They lie on beds inlaid with ivory,#Am 3:15
sprawled out on their couches,#Am 3:12
and dine on lambs from the flock#Ezk 34:2–3
and calves from the stall.
5They improvise songs#6:5 Hb obscure to the sound of the harp#Am 5:23; 8:10
and invent#6:5 Or compose on their own musical instruments like David.#1Ch 15:16
6They drink wine by the bowlful#Am 2:8; 4:1
and anoint themselves with the finest oils
but do not grieve over the ruin of Joseph.#Jr 8:21; Lm 2:11
7Therefore, they will now go into exile
as the first of the captives,#Am 7:11,17
and the feasting#1Kg 20:16–21; Dn 5:4–6,30 of those who sprawl out
will come to an end.
Israel’s Pride Judged
8The Lord God has sworn by himself#Gn 22:16; Jr 22:5; 51:14 — this is the declaration of the Lord, the God of Armies:
I loathe Jacob’s pride#Lv 26:30; Dt 32:19; Ps 106:40
and hate his citadels,#Am 3:10–11
so I will hand over the city#Hs 11:6 and everything in it.
9And if there are ten men left in one house, they will die.#Am 5:3 10A close relative#6:10 Lit His uncle and burner#6:10 A burner of incense, a memorial fire, or a body; Hb obscure#1Sm 31:12; 2Ch 16:14; Jr 34:5 will remove his corpse#6:10 Lit remove bones from the house. He will call to someone in the inner recesses of the house, “Any more with you?”
That person will reply, “None.”
Then he will say, “Silence, because the Lord’s name must not be invoked.”#Is 48:1; Jr 44:26; Hs 4:15
11For the Lord commands:
The large house will be smashed to pieces,
and the small house to rubble.#Am 1:1; 9:9
12Do horses gallop on the cliffs?
Does anyone plow there with oxen?#6:12 Some emend to plow the sea
Yet you have turned justice into poison#1Kg 21:7–13; Is 59:13–14
and the fruit of righteousness into wormwood#Is 5:20; Am 5:7; Rv 8:11 —
13you who rejoice over Lo-debar#Jb 8:14–15; Ps 2:2–4; Lk 12:19–20
and say, “Didn’t we capture Karnaim
for ourselves by our own strength?” #Ps 75:4; Is 28:14–15
14But look, I am raising up a nation
against you, house of Israel#Am 3:11 —
this is the declaration of the Lord,
the God of Armies —
and they will oppress you
from the entrance of Hamath#6:14 Or from Lebo-hamath#Nm 34:7–8; 2Kg 14:25
to the Brook of the Arabah.#6:14 Probably the Valley of Zared at the southeast end of the Dead Sea
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