Jesus Faces Pilate
1Immediately, #Ps. 2:2; Matt. 27:1; Luke 22:66; 23:1; John 18:28; Acts 3:13; 4:26in the morning, the chief priests held a consultation with the elders and scribes and the whole council; and they bound Jesus, led Him away, and #Luke 18:32; Acts 3:13delivered Him to Pilate. 2#Matt. 27:11–14; Luke 23:2, 3; John 18:29–38Then Pilate asked Him, “Are You the King of the Jews?”
He answered and said to him, “It is as you say.”
3And the chief priests accused Him of many things, but He #Is. 53:7; John 19:9; Acts 8:32answered nothing. 4#Matt. 27:13Then Pilate asked Him again, saying, “Do You answer nothing? See how many things they testify against You!” 5#Ps. 38:13, 14; Is. 53:7; John 19:9But Jesus still answered nothing, so that Pilate marveled.
Taking the Place of Barabbas
6Now #Matt. 27:15–26; Luke 23:18–25; John 18:39—19:16at the feast he was accustomed to releasing one prisoner to them, whomever they requested. 7And there was one named Barabbas, who was chained with his fellow rebels; they had committed murder in the rebellion. 8Then the multitude, crying aloud, began to ask him to do just as he had always done for them. 9But Pilate answered them, saying, “Do you want me to release to you the King of the Jews?” 10For he knew that the chief priests had handed Him over because of envy.
11But #Matt. 27:20; Acts 3:14the chief priests stirred up the crowd, so that he should rather release Barabbas to them. 12Pilate answered and said to them again, “What then do you want me to do with Him whom you call the #Ps. 2:6; (Is. 9:7); Jer. 23:5; 33:15; Mic. 5:2King of the Jews?”
13So they cried out again, “Crucify Him!”
14Then Pilate said to them, “Why, #Is. 53:9; John 8:46; 1 Pet. 2:21–23what evil has He done?”
But they cried out all the more, “Crucify Him!”
15#Is. 50:6; Matt. 27:26; Mark 10:34; John 19:1, 16So Pilate, wanting to gratify the crowd, released Barabbas to them; and he delivered Jesus, after he had scourged Him, to be #(Is. 53:8)crucified.
The Soldiers Mock Jesus
16#Matt. 27:27–31Then the soldiers led Him away into the hall called Praetorium, and they called together the whole garrison. 17And they clothed Him with purple; and they twisted a crown of thorns, put it on His head, 18and began to salute Him, “Hail, King of the Jews!” 19Then they #(Is. 50:6; 52:14; 53:5); Mic. 5:1; Mark 14:65struck Him on the head with a reed and spat on Him; and bowing the knee, they worshiped Him. 20And when they had #Ps. 35:16; 69:19; Is. 53:3; Matt. 20:19; Mark 10:34; Luke 22:63; 23:11mocked Him, they took the purple off Him, put His own clothes on Him, and led Him out to crucify Him.
The King on a Cross
21#Matt. 27:32; Luke 23:26Then they compelled a certain man, Simon a Cyrenian, the father of Alexander and Rufus, as he was coming out of the country and passing by, to bear His cross. 22#Matt. 27:33–44; Luke 23:33–43; John 19:17–24; Heb. 13:12And they brought Him to the place Golgotha, which is translated, Place of a Skull. 23#Ps. 69:21; Matt. 27:34Then they gave Him wine mingled with myrrh to drink, but He did not take it. 24And when they crucified Him, #Ps. 22:18; Luke 23:34; John 19:23they divided His garments, casting lots for them to determine what every man should take.
25Now #Matt. 27:45; Luke 23:44; John 19:14it was the third hour, and they crucified Him. 26And #Matt. 27:37; John 19:19the inscription of His accusation was written above:
THE KING OF THE JEWS.
27#Is. 53:9, 12; Matt. 27:38; Luke 22:37With Him they also crucified two robbers, one on His right and the other on His left. 28So the Scripture was fulfilled which says, #Is. 53:12; Luke 22:37“And He was numbered with the transgressors.”
29And #Ps. 22:6, 7; 69:7those who passed by blasphemed Him, #Ps. 109:25wagging their heads and saying, “Aha! #Mark 14:58; John 2:19–21You who destroy the temple and build it in three days, 30save Yourself, and come down from the cross!”
31Likewise the chief priests also, #Luke 18:32mocking among themselves with the scribes, said, “He saved #Luke 7:14, 15; John 11:43, 44others; Himself He cannot save. 32Let the Christ, the King of Israel, descend now from the cross, that we may see and believe.”
Even #Amos 8:9; Matt. 27:44; Luke 23:39those who were crucified with Him reviled Him.
Jesus Dies on the Cross
33Now #Matt. 27:45–56; Luke 23:44–49when the sixth hour had come, there was darkness over the whole land until the ninth hour. 34And at the ninth hour Jesus cried out with a loud voice, saying, “Eloi, Eloi, lama sabachthani?” which is translated, #Ps. 22:1; Matt. 27:46“My God, My God, why have You forsaken Me?”
35Some of those who stood by, when they heard that, said, “Look, He is calling for Elijah!” 36Then #Matt. 27:48; John 19:29someone ran and filled a sponge full of sour wine, put it on a reed, and #Ps. 69:21offered it to Him to drink, saying, “Let Him alone; let us see if Elijah will come to take Him down.”
37#Dan. 9:26; Zech. 11:10, 11; Matt. 27:50; Mark 8:31; Luke 23:46; John 19:30And Jesus cried out with a loud voice, and breathed His last.
38Then #Ex. 26:31–33; Matt. 27:51; Luke 23:45the veil of the temple was torn in two from top to bottom. 39So #Matt. 27:54; Luke 23:47when the centurion, who stood opposite Him, saw that He cried out like this and breathed His last, he said, “Truly this Man was the Son of God!”
40#Matt. 27:55; Luke 23:49; John 19:25There were also women looking on #Ps. 38:11from afar, among whom were Mary Magdalene, Mary the mother of James the Less and of Joses, and Salome, 41who also #Luke 8:2, 3followed Him and ministered to Him when He was in Galilee, and many other women who came up with Him to Jerusalem.
Jesus Buried in Joseph’s Tomb
42#Matt. 27:57–61; Luke 23:50–56; John 19:38–42Now when evening had come, because it was the Preparation Day, that is, the day before the Sabbath, 43Joseph of Arimathea, a prominent council member, who #Matt. 27:57; Luke 2:25, 38; 23:51; John 19:38was himself waiting for the kingdom of God, coming and taking courage, went in to Pilate and asked for the body of Jesus. 44Pilate marveled that He was already dead; and summoning the centurion, he asked him if He had been dead for some time. 45So when he found out from the centurion, he granted the body to Joseph. 46#Is. 53:9; Matt. 27:59, 60; Luke 23:53; John 19:40Then he bought fine linen, took Him down, and wrapped Him in the linen. And he laid Him in a tomb which had been hewn out of the rock, and rolled a stone against the door of the tomb. 47And Mary Magdalene and Mary the mother of Joses observed where He was laid.
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