Hebrews 11
Examples of Faith in Action
1 Now faith is the realization of what is hoped for, the proof of things not seen. 2For by this the people of old were approved. 3By faith we understand the worlds were created by the word of God, in order that what is seen did not come into existence from what is visible.
4By faith Abel offered to God a greater sacrifice than Cain, by which he was approved that he was righteous, because#*Here “when” is supplied as a component of the temporal participle (“was”) God approved him for his gifts, and through it#I.e., his faith he still speaks, although he#*Here “although” is supplied as a component of the participle (“is dead”) which is understood as concessive is dead. 5By faith Enoch was taken up, so that he did not experience death, and he was not found, because God took him up. For before his removal, he had been approved as having been pleasing#Literally “to be pleasing” to God. 6Now without faith it is impossible to please him, for the one who approaches God must believe that he exists and is a rewarder of those who seek him. 7By faith Noah, having been warned about things not yet seen, out of reverence constructed an ark for the deliverance of his family, by which he pronounced sentence on the world and became an heir of the righteousness that comes by faith.
8By faith Abraham, when he#*Here “when” is supplied as a component of the temporal participle (“was called”) was called, obeyed to go out to a place that he was going to receive for an inheritance, and he went out, not knowing where he was going. 9By faith he lived in the land of promise as a stranger, living in tents with Isaac and Jacob, the fellow heirs of the same promise. 10For he was expecting the city that has foundations, whose architect and builder is God. 11By faith also, with Sarah#Literally “with her, Sarah”,#Some manuscripts have “even though Sarah herself was barren” he received the ability to procreate#Literally “power to deposit seed” even past the normal age#Literally “beyond the time of maturity”, because he regarded the one who had promised to be faithful. 12And therefore these were fathered from one man, and he being as good as dead, as the stars of heaven in number and like the innumerable sand by the shore of the sea.
13These all died in faith without receiving the promises, but seeing them from a distance and welcoming them, and admitting that they were strangers and temporary residents on the earth. 14For those who say such things make clear that they are seeking a homeland. 15And if they remember#Some manuscripts have “they had been remembering” that land from which they went out, they would have had opportunity to return. 16But now they aspire to a better land, that is, a heavenly one. Therefore God is not ashamed of them, to be called their God, for he has prepared for them a city.
17By faith Abraham, when he was tested, offered Isaac, and the one who received the promises was ready to offer his one and only son, 18with reference to whom it was said, “In Isaac your descendants will be named,”#A quotation from Gen 21:12 19having reasoned that God was able even to raise him from the dead, from which he received him back also as a symbol. 20By faith also Isaac blessed Jacob and Esau concerning things that were going to happen. 21By faith Jacob, as he#*Here “as” is supplied as a component of the temporal participle (“was dying”) was dying, blessed each of the sons of Joseph and worshiped, leaning on the top of his staff. 22By faith Joseph, as he#*Here “as” is supplied as a component of the temporal participle (“was dying”) was dying, mentioned about the exodus of the sons of Israel and gave instructions about his bones.
23By faith Moses, when he#*Here “when” is supplied as a component of the temporal participle (“afraid of”) was born, was hidden for three months by his parents, because they saw the child was handsome, and they were not afraid of the edict of the king. 24By faith Moses, when he#*Here “when” is supplied as a component of the temporal participle (“was”) was grown up, refused to be called the son of Pharaoh’s daughter, 25choosing instead to be mistreated with the people of God rather than to experience the transitory enjoyment of sin, 26considering reproach endured for the sake of Christ#Literally “the reproach of Christ” greater wealth than the treasures of Egypt, for he was looking to the reward. 27By faith he left Egypt, not fearing the anger of the king, for he persevered as if he#*Here “if” is supplied as a component of the participle (“saw”) which is understood as conditional saw the invisible one. 28By faith he kept the Passover and the sprinkling of blood, in order that the one who destroyed the firstborn would not touch them. 29By faith they crossed the Red Sea as if on dry land; the Egyptians, when they made the attempt#Literally “of which attempt making”, were drowned. 30By faith the walls of Jericho fell down after they#*Here “after” is supplied as a component of the temporal participle (“had been marched around”) had been marched around for seven days. 31By faith Rahab the prostitute did not perish with those who were disobedient, because she#*Here “because” is supplied as a component of the participle (“welcomed”) which is understood as causal welcomed the spies in peace.
32And what more shall I say? For time would fail me to tell about Gideon, Barak, Samson, Jephthah, David, and Samuel and the prophets, 33who through faith conquered kingdoms, accomplished justice, obtained what was promised, shut the mouths of lions, 34extinguished the effectiveness of fire, escaped the edge of the sword, were made strong from weakness, became mighty in battle, put to flight enemy battle lines. 35Women received back their dead by resurrection. But others were tortured, not accepting release, in order that they might gain a better resurrection. 36And others experienced mocking and flogging#Literally “received experience of mocking and flogging”, and in addition bonds and imprisonment. 37They were stoned, they were sawed in two, they died by murder with a sword, they wandered about in sheepskins, in goatskins, impoverished, afflicted, mistreated, 38of whom the world was not worthy, wandering about on deserts and mountains and in caves and in holes in the ground. 39And although they#*Here “although” is supplied as a component of the participle (“were approved”) which is understood as concessive all were approved#Some manuscripts have “And all these, although they were approved” through their faith, they did not receive what was promised, 40because#*Here “because” is supplied as a component of the causal genitive absolute participle (“had provided”) God had provided something better for us, so that they would not be made perfect without us.
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