Deuteronomy 28
1 “And it will happen that if you indeed listen to the voice of Yahweh your God, to diligently observe#Literally “to observe to do” all his commandments that I am commanding you today,#Literally “the day” then Yahweh your God will set you above all the nations of the earth. 2And all of these blessings shall come upon you, and they shall have an effect on you#Literally “they shall overtake you” if you listen to the voice of Yahweh your God:
3“You will be blessed in the city, and you will be blessed in the field.
4“Blessed will be the fruit of your womb and the fruit of your ground and the fruit of your livestock, the calf of your cattle and the lambs of your flock.#Literally “what is dropped of your cattle and the offspring of your flocks”
5“Blessed will be your basket and your kneading trough.
6“Blessed will you be when you come in and blessed will you be when you go out.#Literally “in/at your coming and you will be blessed in/at your going out”
7“Yahweh will cause your enemies who rise up against you to be defeated before you;#Literally “the ones rising against you being defeated to the face of you” on one road#Or “way” they shall come out against you, but on seven roads#Or “ways” they shall flee before you.#Literally “to the face of you” 8Yahweh will command concerning you#Literally “with you” the blessing to be in your barns and in all your endeavors;#Literally “in all of the sending forth of your hand” and he will bless you in the land that Yahweh your God is giving to you. 9Yahweh will establish you for himself#Literally “to/for him” as a holy people as he has sworn to you, if you keep the commandments of Yahweh your God and you walk in his ways. 10And all of the peoples of the earth shall see that by the name of Yahweh you are called,#Literally “that the name of Yahweh is called/assigned upon you” and they shall fear you.#Literally “they shall be afraid/fearful from you” 11And Yahweh will make you successful and prosperous,#Literally “Yahweh will cause for you goodness” in the fruit of your womb and on the land that Yahweh swore to your ancestors#Or “fathers” to give to you. 12Yahweh shall open for you his rich#Literally “good” storehouse, even the heavens, to give the rain for#Hebrew “of” your land in its time and to bless all of the work of your hand, and you will lend to many nations; you will not borrow from them. 13And Yahweh shall make you#Literally “place/set you up” as head and not the tail, and you shall be only at the top of the nations, and you shall not be at the bottom, if you listen to the commandments of Yahweh your God that I am commanding you today#Literally “the day” and diligently observe them.#Literally “to observe them and to do them” 14And you shall not turn aside from any of#Literally “all of” the words that I am commanding you today#Literally “the day” to the right or left by going after other gods to serve them.
15“And then#Literally “and it will happen” if you do not listen to the voice of Yahweh your God by diligently observing#Literally “to observe and to do” all of his commandments and his statutes that I am commanding you today,#Literally “the day” then all of these curses shall come upon you, and they shall overtake you:
16“You shall#All of these curses have a future orientation that points to Israel in the land of Canaan be cursed in the city, and you shall be cursed in the field.
17“Your basket shall be cursed and your kneading trough.
18“The fruit of your womb shall be cursed and the fruit of you ground, the calves of your cattle and the lambs of your flock.
19“You shall be cursed when you come in,#Literally “at/in your coming” and you shall be cursed when you go out.#Literally “at/in your going out”
20“Yahweh will send upon you#Others translate as a wish: “may Yahweh send upon you …” the curse,#These words are translated variously, e.g., “starvation,” “thirst,” “rebuke/dysentery” (NEB) or “curses,” “confusion,” “frustration” (NLT) the panic,#Or “confusion” and the threat#Or “rebuke” in everything that you undertake,#Literally “in all the sending out of your hand that you do” until you are destroyed and until you perish quickly#Literally “until your to be destroyed and until your to perish quickly” because of#Literally “from the face of the evil of your deeds” the evil of your deeds in that#Literally “which” you have forsaken me. 21Yahweh will cause the plague to cling to you until it consumes you#Literally “it to consume to” from the land that you are going to,#Hebrew “to there” to take possession of it. 22Yahweh will afflict you with the wasting diseases and with the fever and with the inflammation and with the scorching heat and with the sword#Others translate “drought” (NLT, NEB) and with the blight and with the mildew, and they shall pursue you until you perish.#Literally “until your/you to perish” 23And your heavens that are over your heads shall be like bronze, and the earth that is under you shall be like iron. 24Yahweh will change the rain of your land to fine dust and to sand; from the heaven it shall come down upon you until you are destroyed.#Literally “until your being destroyed”
25“Yahweh shall cause you to be defeated before#Literally “to the face of” your enemies; on one road you shall go against#Literally “to/toward” them,#Hebrew “him” but you will flee on seven roads before#Literally “to the face of” them,#Hebrew “him” and you shall become a thing of horror to all of the kingdoms of the earth. 26And your dead bodies shall be as food for all of the birds of the heaven and to the animals of the earth, and there shall not be anyone to frighten them away.#Literally “one causing fright to them”
27“Yahweh shall afflict you with the boils of Egypt and with tumors and with the scurvy and with the skin rash that cannot be healed.#Literally “the skin rash that not it is able it to be healed” 28Yahweh shall afflict you with madness and with blindness and with confusion of heart. 29And you shall be groping at noon just as the blind person gropes in the dark, and you shall not succeed in finding your way, and you shall only be abused and robbed all the time,#Literally “all the days” and there will not be anyone who will rescue you. #Literally “one who delivers/rescues you” 30You shall become engaged to a woman, but another man shall sleep#Or “ravish/violate” with her; you shall build a house, but you shall not live in it; a vineyard you shall plant, but you shall not enjoy it. 31Your ox shall be slaughtered before your eyes, and you shall not eat it; your donkey shall be stolen right before you,#Literally “to the face of you” and it shall not be returned to you; your sheep and your goats shall be given to your enemies, and there shall not be anyone who rescues you.#Literally “there shall not be for you one who rescues” 32Your sons and your daughters shall be given to other people, and you will be looking on#Literally “your eyes will see/look” longingly#Literally “wearing out” for#Hebrew “to” them all day, but you will be powerless to do anything.#Literally “but there will not be for power of your hand” 33A people that you do not know shall consume the harvest of your land and all your labor, and you will be only oppressed and crushed for the rest of your lives.#Literally “all of the days” 34You shall become mad because of what your eyes shall see.#Literally “from/by the sight of your eyes” 35Yahweh shall strike you with grievous boils on the knees and on the upper thighs from which you will not be able to be healed,#Literally “which not you are able to heal” from the sole of your foot and up to your crown. 36Yahweh will bring you and your king whom you set up over you to a nation that you or your ancestors#Or “fathers” have not known, and there you will serve other gods of wood and stone. 37And you will become a horror and a proverb and ridicule among all the peoples where Yahweh drives you there.
38“You shall carry out much seed to the field, but you shall gather little produce, for the locust shall devour it. 39You shall plant vineyards and you shall dress#Or “cultivate” them, but you shall not drink wine and you shall not gather grapes, for the worm shall eat it.#That is, the produce 40There shall be olive trees for you in all of your territory, but you shall not anoint yourself, for your olives#Hebrew “olive” shall drop off. 41You shall bear sons and daughters, but they shall not be yours,#Literally “for you” for they shall go into captivity. 42The cricket shall take possession of all your trees and the fruit of your ground. 43The alien that is in your midst shall ascend over you, higher and higher, but you shall go down lower and lower. 44He shall lend to you, but you shall not lend to him; he shall be the head, but you shall be the tail.
45“And all of these curses shall come over you, and they shall pursue you, and they shall overtake you until you are destroyed,#Literally “until you to be destroyed” because you did not listen#Literally “not you listened” to the voice of Yahweh your God, by observing#Literally “to observe” his commandments and his statutes that he commanded you. 46And they shall be among you as a sign and as a wonder and among your offspring forever.#Literally “until eternity,” but not in a timeless, philosophic sense
47“Because#Literally “Under” of the fact that you did not serve Yahweh your God with joy and with gladness of heart for the abundance of everything, 48then you shall serve your enemies, whom Yahweh will send against you under conditions of famine, in thirst, in nakedness, and in a lack of everything; and he shall place#Literally “give” a yoke of iron on your neck until he has destroyed you.#Literally “until his destroying of you” 49Yahweh will raise up against you a nation from far off, from the end of the earth, attacking as the eagle swoops down, a nation whose language you will not understand,#Literally “a nation who not you will understand its language” 50a grim-faced nation#Literally “a nation fierce/determined of face” who does not show respect#Literally “who not lifts up faces” to the old and the young and does not show pity. 51And it#That is, the invading nation shall consume the fruit of your livestock and the fruit of your ground until you are destroyed,#Literally “until your destroying” and who will not leave for you any grain, wine, and olive oil, calves of your herds,#Literally “what is dropped of your herds” and lambs of#Literally “the offspring of small animals” your flock until it has destroyed you.#Literally “until his to destroy you” 52And it shall besiege you in all your towns until your high and fortified walls fall,#Literally “until the coming down of your walls, high and fortified” which you are trusting in#Hebrew “in them,” which is redundant throughout your land;#Literally “in all of your land” and it shall besiege you in all of your towns in all of your land that Yahweh your God has given to you. 53And you shall eat the fruit of your womb, the flesh of your sons and your daughters, whom Yahweh your God gave to you, during the siege and during the distress#Literally “in siege and in distress” your enemy inflicts upon you. 54The most refined and the very sensitive#Or “kindly disposed” man among you shall be mean with his brother#Literally “shall be bad/evil his eye against his brother” and against his beloved wife#Literally “against the wife of his lap” and against the rest#Or “remainder” of his children that he has left over, 55by refraining from giving#Literally “from giving” to even one of them any of the meat of his children that he eats, because there is not anything that is left over for him during the siege and distress#Literally “in the siege and distress” that your enemy inflicts upon you. 56The most refined and the most delicate woman among you, who shall#Or “would” not venture to put the sole of her foot on the ground from being so delicate and from such gentleness, shall be mean to her beloved husband#Literally “shall be bad her eye against the husband of her lap” and against her son and against her daughter, 57and even concerning her afterbirth that goes out#Literally “the going out” from between her feet and also concerning her children that she bears, because she eats them for lack of anything in secret during the siege and during the distress#Literally “in the siege and in the distress” that your enemy inflicts upon her in your towns.#Literally “gates”
58“If you do not diligently observe#Literally “you observe to do” all the words of this law written in this scroll by revering this glorious and awesome name, Yahweh your God, 59then Yahweh shall overwhelm you with your plagues and the plagues of your offspring, severe plagues and lasting illnesses, grievous and enduring. 60And he shall bring back upon you all the diseases of Egypt concerning which you were in dread#Literally “you dreaded” because of them.#Literally “from their presence” 61Also any illness and any plague#Or “each illness and each plague” that is not written in the scroll of this law, he shall bring them, Yahweh, upon you until you are destroyed. 62And you shall remain only a few people#Literally “with people of few” in place of the fact you were formerly as the stars of heaven as far as number is concerned, because you did not listen to the voice of Yahweh your God. 63And then#Literally “And it will happen” as Yahweh delighted over you to make you prosperous#Literally “to do good with you” to make you numerous, so Yahweh shall delight over you to exterminate you#Or “to cause you to perish” and to destroy you, and so you shall be plucked from the land that you are going there to take possession of it. 64And Yahweh shall scatter you among all the nations from one end of the earth up to the other end of the earth, and there you shall serve other gods that you have not known nor#Hebrew “and” your ancestors,#Or “your fathers” gods of wood and stone. 65And among these nations you shall not find rest, and there shall not be a resting place for the sole of your foot, and Yahweh shall give you there an anxious heart and a weakening of eyes#Or “a failure of eyes” and a languishing of your inner self.#Or “soul” 66And your life shall hang in doubt before you,#Literally “they shall be your life hanging for you in front” and you shall be startled#Or “in fear” night and day, and you shall not be confident of your life. 67In the morning you shall say, ‘If only it was evening!’#Literally “Who shall give evening?” and in the evening you shall say ‘If only it was morning!’#Literally “Who shall give morning?” because of the dread of your heart that you shall feel, and because of the sight of your eyes that you shall see. 68And Yahweh shall bring you back to Egypt in ships by the route that I promised#Literally “spoke” to you that ‘You shall not see it again!’#Literally “you shall not do again further to see it/her” And you shall sell yourself there to your enemies as slaves and as female slaves, but there will not be a buyer.”
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