The Man of Lawlessness Will Be Revealed
1 Now we ask you, brothers, concerning the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ and our assembling to him, 2that you not be easily shaken from your composure, nor be troubled either by a spirit or by a message or by a letter alleged to be from us#Literally “as if by us”, to the effect that the day of the Lord has arrived. 3Do not let anyone deceive you in any way, for that day will not come unless the rebellion comes first, and the man of lawlessness is revealed, the son of destruction, 4who opposes and who exalts himself over every so-called god or object of worship, so that he sits down in the temple of God, proclaiming that he himself is God.
5Do you not remember that while#Here “while” is supplied as a component of the participle (“were”) which is understood as temporal we were still with you, we were saying these things to you? 6And you know that which restrains him now, so that he will be revealed in his own time. 7For the mystery of lawlessness is at work already; only the one who now restrains#Or “restrains it” (referring to the “mystery of lawlessness”; or “restrains him” (referring to the “man of lawlessness” in v. 3) will do so until he is out of the way,#Literally “out of the midst” 8and then the lawless one will be revealed, whom the Lord Jesus will slay with the breath of his mouth, and wipe out by the appearance of his coming, 9whose coming is in accordance with the working of Satan, with all power and signs and lying wonders, 10and with every unrighteous deception against those who are perishing, in place of which they did not accept the love of the truth, so that they would be saved. 11And because of this, God sends them a powerful delusion#Literally “a working of deceit” so that they will believe the lie, 12in order that all may be condemned who did not believe the truth, but delighted in unrighteousness.
Stand Firm and Hold Fast
13But we ought to give thanks to God always concerning you, brothers dearly loved by the Lord, because God has chosen you as first fruits for salvation by the sanctification of the Spirit and faith in the truth, 14for which purpose he called#Some manuscripts have “he also called” you through our gospel for the obtaining of the glory of our Lord Jesus Christ. 15So then, brothers, stand firm and hold fast to the traditions which you were taught, whether by spoken word or by letter from us. 16Now may our Lord Jesus Christ himself and God our Father, who has loved us and given us eternal encouragement and good hope by grace, 17encourage your hearts and strengthen you in every good work and word.