Sending Away Foreign Wives
1While Ezra prayed and confessed, weeping and falling facedown # Ezr 9:3,5; Neh 1:4; Dn 9:3-4,20 before the house of God, an extremely large assembly of Israelite men, women, and children gathered around him. The people also wept bitterly. # Ezr 3:12-13 2Then Shecaniah son of Jehiel, # Ezr 10:26 an Elamite, responded to Ezra: “We have been unfaithful to our God by marrying foreign women from the surrounding peoples, # Ezr 9:1-2; 10:18,44; Neh 13:23-28 but there is still hope for Israel in spite of this. 3Let us therefore make a covenant before our God # 2Ch 34:31 to send away all the foreign wives and their children, according to the counsel of my lord and of those who tremble at the command of our God. # Ezr 9:4 Let it be done according to the law. 4Get up, for this matter is your responsibility, # Ezr 7:25-26 and we support you. Be strong and take action! ” # Jos 1:6-9
5Then Ezra got up and made the leading priests, Levites, and all Israel take an oath to do what had been said; so they took the oath. # Neh 10:29-30; 13:25 6Ezra then went from the house of God and walked to the chamber of Jehohanan son of Eliashib, where he spent the night. # 1 Esdras 9:2, Syr; MT, Vg read he went He did not eat food or drink water, because he was mourning over the unfaithfulness of the exiles. # Dt 9:18-19
7They circulated a proclamation throughout Judah and Jerusalem that all the exiles should gather at Jerusalem. 8Whoever did not come within three days would forfeit all his possessions, # Lit would set apart all his possessions for destruction according to the decision of the leaders and elders, and would be excluded # Ezr 7:26 from the assembly of the exiles.
9So all the men of Judah and Benjamin gathered in Jerusalem within the three days. On the twentieth day of the ninth month, all the people sat in the square at the house of God, # Neh 8:1 trembling because of this matter and because of the heavy rain. 10Then Ezra the priest stood up and said to them, “You have been unfaithful by marrying foreign women, adding to Israel’s guilt. # Ezr 9:1-2; Neh 13:23-27 11Therefore, make a confession to Yahweh the God of your fathers and do His will. Separate yourselves from the surrounding peoples and your foreign wives.”
12Then all the assembly responded with a loud voice: “Yes, we will do as you say! 13But there are many people, and it is the rainy season. We don’t have the stamina to stay out in the open. This isn’t something that can be done in a day or two, for we have rebelled terribly in this matter. 14Let our leaders represent the entire assembly. Then let all those in our towns who have married foreign women come at appointed times, together with the elders and judges of each town, in order to avert the fierce anger of our God # 2Ch 29:10; 30:8 concerning # Some Hb mss, LXX, Vg; other Hb mss read until this matter.” 15Only Jonathan son of Asahel and Jahzeiah son of Tikvah opposed this, with Meshullam # Ezr 8:16 and Shabbethai the Levite supporting them.
16The exiles did what had been proposed. Ezra the priest selected men # 1 Esdras 9:16, Syr; MT, Vg read priest and men were selected who were family leaders, all identified by name, to represent # Lit name, for their ancestral houses. They convened on the first day of the tenth month to investigate the matter, 17and by the first day of the first month they had dealt with all the men who had married foreign women.
Those Married to Foreign Wives
18The following were found to have married foreign women from the descendants of the priests:
from the descendants of Jeshua son of Jozadak and his brothers: Maaseiah, Eliezer, Jarib, and Gedaliah. 19They pledged # Lit gave their hand to send their wives away, and being guilty, they offered a ram from the flock for their guilt; # Lv 5:14–6:7
20Hanani and Zebadiah from Immer’s # 1Ch 24:14 descendants;
21Maaseiah, Elijah, Shemaiah, Jehiel, and Uzziah from Harim’s # 1Ch 24:8 descendants;
22Elioenai, Maaseiah, Ishmael, Nethanel, Jozabad, and Elasah from Pashhur’s # 1Ch 9:12 descendants.
23The Levites: # Ezr 2:40
Jozabad, Shimei, Kelaiah (that is Kelita), Pethahiah, Judah, and Eliezer.
24The singers: # Ezr 2:41
The gatekeepers: # Ezr 2:42
Shallum, Telem, and Uri.
25The Israelites: # Ezr 2:3-35; Neh 7:8-38
Parosh’s descendants: # Ezr 2:3 Ramiah, Izziah, Malchijah, Mijamin, Eleazar, Malchijah, # Some LXX mss, 1 Esdras 9:26 read Hashabiah and Benaiah;
26Elam’s descendants: # Ezr 2:7; 10:2 Mattaniah, Zechariah, Jehiel, Abdi, Jeremoth, and Elijah;
27Zattu’s descendants: # Ezr 2:8 Elioenai, Eliashib, Mattaniah, Jeremoth, Zabad, and Aziza;
28Bebai’s descendants: # Ezr 2:11 Jehohanan, Hananiah, Zabbai, and Athlai;
29Bani’s descendants: # Ezr 2:10 Meshullam, Malluch, Adaiah, Jashub, Sheal, and Jeremoth;
30Pahath-moab’s descendants: # Ezr 2:6 Adna, Chelal, Benaiah, Maaseiah, Mattaniah, Bezalel, Binnui, and Manasseh;
31Harim’s descendants: # Ezr 2:32 Eliezer, Isshijah, Malchijah, Shemaiah, Shimeon, 32Benjamin, Malluch, and Shemariah;
33Hashum’s descendants: # Ezr 2:19 Mattenai, Mattattah, Zabad, Eliphelet, Jeremai, Manasseh, and Shimei;
34Bani’s descendants: # Ezr 2:10 Maadai, Amram, Uel, 35Benaiah, Bedeiah, Cheluhi, 36Vaniah, Meremoth, Eliashib, 37Mattaniah, Mattenai, Jaasu, 38Bani, Binnui, Shimei, 39Shelemiah, Nathan, Adaiah, 40Machnadebai, Shashai, Sharai, 41Azarel, Shelemiah, Shemariah, 42Shallum, Amariah, and Joseph;
43Nebo’s descendants: # Ezr 2:29 Jeiel, Mattithiah, Zabad, Zebina, Jaddai, Joel, and Benaiah.
44All of these # Ezr 10:18-43 had married foreign women, and some of the wives had given birth to children. # Neh 13:24