Judgment of the Nations
1Yes, in those days and at that time,
when I restore the fortunes of Judah and Jerusalem, # Jr 32:44; 33:7,11; Ezk 39:25
2I will gather all the nations # Is 66:18; Mc 4:12
and take them to the Valley of Jehoshaphat. # = The Lord Will Judge # Jl 3:12,14
I will enter into judgment with them there # Is 66:16; Jr 25:31
because of My people, My inheritance Israel.
The nations have scattered the Israelites
in foreign countries # Jr 50:17; Ezk 34:6
and divided up My land. # Ezk 35:10; 36:1-5
3They cast lots for My people; # Ob 11; Nah 3:10
they bartered a boy for a prostitute
and sold a girl for wine to drink. # Am 2:6
4And also: Tyre, # Am 1:9; Zch 9:2-4 Sidon, and all the territories of Philistia # Am 1:6-8; Zch 9:5-7 — what are you to Me? Are you paying Me back or trying to get even with Me? I will quickly bring retribution on your heads. # Ps 28:4 5For you took My silver and gold and carried My finest treasures # 1Kg 20:6; 2Ch 36:19; Lm 1:10-11 to your temples. 6You sold the people of Judah and Jerusalem to the Greeks # Is 66:19; Ezk 27:13 to remove them far from their own territory. 7Look, I am about to rouse them up from the place where you sold them; # Zch 9:13 I will bring retribution on your heads. 8I will sell your sons and daughters into the hands of the people of Judah, # Is 14:2; 60:14 and they will sell them to the Sabeans, # Probably the south Arabian kingdom of Sheba (modern Yemen) # Jb 1:15; Ps 72:10; Ezk 38:13 to a distant nation, for the Lord has spoken.
9Proclaim this among the nations: # Jr 51:27-28
Prepare for holy war; # Jr 6:4; Mc 3:5
rouse the warriors; # Is 8:9-10; Jr 46:3-4; Zch 14:2-3
let all the men of war advance and attack!
10Beat your plows into swords
and your pruning knives into spears. # Is 2:4; Mc 4:3
Let even the weakling say, “I am a warrior.”
11Come quickly, # LXX, Syr, Tg read Gather yourselves and come ; Hb obscure all you surrounding nations;
gather yourselves. # Ezk 38:15-16
Bring down Your warriors there, Lord. # Is 13:3
12Let the nations be roused
and come to the Valley of Jehoshaphat,
for there I will sit down
to judge all the surrounding nations. # Ps 7:6; 98:9; Is 3:13
13Swing the sickle
because the harvest is ripe. # Jr 51:33; Hs 6:11
Come and trample the grapes
because the winepress is full; # Is 63:3; Lm 1:15
the wine vats overflow
because the wickedness of the nations is great. # Gn 18:20; Rv 19:14-16
14Multitudes, multitudes # Is 34:2-8
in the valley of decision!
For the Day of the Lord is near # Jl 1:15; 2:1,11
in the valley of decision.
15The sun and moon will grow dark,
and the stars will cease their shining. # Jl 2:10,31
16The Lord will roar from Zion # Hs 11:10; Am 1:2
and raise His voice from Jerusalem; # Jr 25:30; Am 1:2
heaven and earth will shake. # Ezk 38:19; Jl 2:10; Hg 2:6
But the Lord will be a refuge for His people, # Ps 46:1; 62:8; Pr 14:26
a stronghold for the Israelites. # Jr 16:19; Nah 1:7
17Then you will know
that I am Yahweh your God, # Ex 6:7; 29:46; Ezk 20:20
who dwells in Zion, My holy mountain. # Is 11:9; 56:7; Ezk 20:40
Jerusalem will be holy, # Is 4:3; Ob 17
and foreigners will never overrun it again. # Is 52:1; Nah 1:15
18In that day
the mountains will drip with sweet wine, # Am 9:13
and the hills will flow with milk. # Ex 3:8
All the streams of Judah will flow with water, # Is 30:25; 35:6
and a spring will issue from the Lord’s house, # Ezk 47:1-12
watering the Valley of Acacias. # Or Shittim # Nm 25:1; Ezk 47:8
19Egypt will become desolate,
and Edom a desert wasteland,
because of the violence done to the people of Judah # Ob 10
in whose land they shed innocent blood.
20But Judah will be inhabited forever, # Ezk 37:25; Am 9:15
and Jerusalem from generation to generation.
21I will pardon their bloodguilt, # LXX, Syr read I will avenge their blood # Is 4:4
which I have not pardoned,
for the Lord dwells in Zion.