1Dinah, Leah’s daughter # Gn 30:21 whom she bore to Jacob, went out to see some of the young women of the area. 2When Shechem son of Hamor the Hivite, a prince of the region, saw her, he took her and raped her. 3He became infatuated with Dinah, daughter of Jacob. He loved the young girl and spoke tenderly to her. # Lit spoke to her heart 4“Get me this girl as a wife,” # Jdg 14:2 he told his father Hamor.
5Jacob heard that Shechem had defiled his daughter Dinah, but since his sons were with his livestock in the field, he remained silent until they returned. 6Meanwhile, Shechem’s father Hamor came to speak with Jacob. 7Jacob’s sons returned from the field when they heard about the incident and were deeply grieved and angry. For Shechem had committed an outrage against Israel by raping Jacob’s daughter, # Dt 22:20-30; Jdg 20:6; 2Sm 13:12 and such a thing should not be done.
8Hamor said to Jacob’s sons, “My son Shechem is strongly attracted to your # The Hb word for “your” is pl, showing that Hamor is speaking to Jacob and his sons. daughter. Please give her to him as a wife. 9Intermarry with us; give your daughters to us, and take our daughters for yourselves. 10Live with us. The land is before you. Settle here, move about, and acquire property in it.”
11Then Shechem said to Dinah’s father and brothers, “Grant me this favor, # Lit May I find favor in your eyes and I’ll give you whatever you say. 12Demand of me a high compensation # Or bride-price, or betrothal present and gift; I’ll give you whatever you ask me. Just give the girl to be my wife! ”
13But Jacob’s sons answered Shechem and his father Hamor deceitfully because he had defiled their sister Dinah. 14“We cannot do this thing,” they said to them. “Giving our sister to an uncircumcised man is a disgrace to us. 15We will agree with you only on this condition: if all your males are circumcised as we are. # Gn 17:23-27 16Then we will give you our daughters, take your daughters for ourselves, live with you, and become one people. 17But if you will not listen to us and be circumcised, then we will take our daughter and go.”
18Their words seemed good to Hamor and his son Shechem. 19The young man did not delay doing this, because he was delighted with Jacob’s daughter. Now he was the most important in all his father’s house. 20So Hamor and his son Shechem went to the gate of their city # Ru 4:1; 2Sm 15:2 and spoke to the men there.
21“These men are peaceful toward us,” they said. “Let them live in our land and move about in it, for indeed, the region is large enough for them. Let us take their daughters as our wives and give our daughters to them. 22But the men will agree to live with us and be one people only on this condition: if all our men are circumcised as they are. 23Won’t their livestock, their possessions, and all their animals become ours? Only let us agree with them, and they will live with us.”
24All the able-bodied men # Lit All who went out of the city gate # Gn 23:10 listened to Hamor and his son Shechem, and all the able-bodied men # Lit all the males who went out of the city gate were circumcised. 25On the third day, when they were still in pain, two of Jacob’s sons, Simeon and Levi, # Gn 49:5-7 Dinah’s brothers, took their swords, went into the unsuspecting city, and killed every male. 26They killed Hamor and his son Shechem with their swords, took Dinah from Shechem’s house, and went away. 27Jacob’s other sons came to the slaughter and plundered the city because their sister had been defiled. 28They took their sheep, cattle, donkeys, and whatever was in the city and in the field. 29They captured all their possessions, children, and wives and plundered everything in the houses.
30Then Jacob said to Simeon and Levi, “You have brought trouble on me, # Jos 7:25 making me odious to the inhabitants of the land, # Ex 5:21; 1Sm 13:4; 2Sm 10:6 the Canaanites and the Perizzites. # Gn 13:7; 34:2 We are few in number; if they unite against me and attack me, I and my household will be destroyed.” # Gn 46:26-27; Dt 4:27; 1Ch 16:19; Ps 105:12
31But they answered, “Should he have treated our sister like a prostitute? ”
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1And Dinah, daughter of Leah, whom she hath borne to Jacob, goeth out to look on the daughters of the land,
2and Shechem, son of Hamor the Hivite, a prince of the land, seeth her, and taketh her, and lieth with her, and humbleth her;
3and his soul cleaveth to Dinah, daughter of Jacob, and he loveth the young person, and speaketh unto the heart of the young person.
4And Shechem speaketh unto Hamor his father, saying, ‘Take for me this damsel for a wife.’
5And Jacob hath heard that he hath defiled Dinah his daughter, and his sons were with his cattle in the field, and Jacob kept silent till their coming.
6And Hamor, father of Shechem, goeth out unto Jacob to speak with him;
7and the sons of Jacob came in from the field when they heard, and the men grieve themselves, and it [is] very displeasing to them, for folly he hath done against Israel, to lie with the daughter of Jacob — and so it is not done.
8And Hamor speaketh with them, saying, ‘Shechem, my son, his soul hath cleaved to your daughter; give her, I pray you, to him for a wife,
9and join ye in marriage with us; your daughters ye give to us, and our daughters ye take to yourselves,
10and with us ye dwell, and the land is before you; dwell ye and trade [in] it, and have possessions in it.’
11And Shechem saith unto her father, and unto her brethren, ‘Let me find grace in your eyes, and that which ye say unto me, I give;
12multiply on me exceedingly dowry and gift, and I give as ye say unto me, and give to me the young person for a wife.’
13And the sons of Jacob answer Shechem and Hamor his father deceitfully, and they speak (because he defiled Dinah their sister),
14and say unto them, ‘We are not able to do this thing, to give our sister to one who hath a foreskin: for it [is] a reproach to us.
15‘Only for this we consent to you; if ye be as we, to have every male of you circumcised,
16then we have given our daughters to you, and your daughters we take to ourselves, and we have dwelt with you, and have become one people;
17and if ye hearken not unto us to be circumcised, then we have taken our daughter, and have gone.’
18And their words are good in the eyes of Hamor, and in the eyes of Shechem, Hamor's son;
19and the young man delayed not to do the thing, for he had delight in Jacob's daughter, and he is honourable above all the house of his father.
20And Hamor cometh — Shechem his son also — unto the gate of their city, and they speak unto the men of their city, saying,
21‘These men are peaceable with us; then let them dwell in the land, and trade [in] it; and the land, lo, [is] wide before them; their daughters let us take to ourselves for wives, and our daughters give to them.
22‘Only for this do the men consent to us, to dwell with us, to become one people, in every male of us being circumcised, as they are circumcised;
23their cattle, and their substance, and all their beasts — are they not ours? only let us consent to them, and they dwell with us.’
24And unto Hamor, and unto Shechem his son, hearken do all those going out of the gate of his city, and every male is circumcised, all those going out of the gate of his city.
25And it cometh to pass, on the third day, in their being pained, that two of the sons of Jacob, Simeon and Levi, Dinah's brethren, take each his sword, and come in against the city confidently, and slay every male;
26and Hamor, and Shechem his son, they have slain by the mouth of the sword, and they take Dinah out of Shechem's house, and go out.
27Jacob's sons have come in upon the wounded, and they spoil the city, because they had defiled their sister;
28their flock and their herd, and their asses, and that which [is] in the city, and that which [is] in the field, have they taken;
29and all their wealth, and all their infants, and their wives they have taken captive, and they spoil also all that [is] in the house.
30And Jacob saith unto Simeon and unto Levi, ‘Ye have troubled me, by causing me to stink among the inhabitants of the land, among the Canaanite, and among the Perizzite: and I [am] few in number, and they have been gathered against me, and have smitten me, and I have been destroyed, I and my house.’
31And they say, ‘As a harlot doth he make our sister?’
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