Nehemiah’s Final Reforms
1On that day #ch. 8:3, 8, 9, 18; 9:3; [Deut. 31:11, 12; 2 Kgs. 23:2] they read from the Book of Moses in the hearing of the people. And in it was found written #See Deut. 23:3-5that no Ammonite or Moabite should ever enter the assembly of God, 2for they did not meet the people of Israel with bread and water, but hired Balaam against them to curse them—yet our God turned the curse into a blessing. 3As soon as the people heard the law, #See ch. 9:2 they separated from Israel all #[Ex. 12:38; Num. 11:4]those of foreign descent.
4Now before this, #ver. 28; ch. 3:1 Eliashib the priest, who #[ch. 12:44] was appointed over the chambers of the house of our God, and who was related to #ch. 2:10Tobiah, 5prepared for Tobiah a large chamber where they had previously put the grain offering, the frankincense, the vessels, and the tithes of grain, wine, and oil, #Num. 18:21, 24which were given by commandment to the Levites, singers, and gatekeepers, and the contributions for the priests. 6While this was taking place, I was not in Jerusalem, for #ch. 5:14 in the thirty-second year of Artaxerxes #Ezra 6:22king of Babylon I went to the king. And after some time I asked leave of the king 7and came to Jerusalem, and I then discovered the evil that Eliashib had done for Tobiah, #ver. 5preparing for him a chamber in the courts of the house of God. 8And I was very angry, and I threw all the household furniture of Tobiah out of the chamber. 9Then I gave orders, and they #2 Chr. 29:15, 16, 18cleansed the chambers, and I brought back there the vessels of the house of God, with the grain offering and the frankincense.
10I also found out that #2 Chr. 31:4; [Mal. 3:8] the portions of the Levites had not been given to them, so that the Levites and the singers, who did the work, had fled each #ch. 12:28, 29to his field. 11#ver. 17, 25 So I confronted the officials and said, #[ch. 10:39]“Why is the house of God forsaken?” And I gathered them together and set them in their stations. 12Then all Judah brought #[ch. 10:38, 39; 12:44]the tithe of the grain, wine, and oil into the storehouses. 13And #[2 Chr. 31:12, 13] I appointed as treasurers over the storehouses Shelemiah the priest, Zadok the scribe, and Pedaiah of the Levites, and as their assistant Hanan the son of Zaccur, son of Mattaniah, #ch. 7:2; [1 Cor. 4:2]for they were considered reliable, and their duty was to distribute to their brothers. 14#ver. 22, 31; ch. 5:19Remember me, O my God, concerning this, and do not wipe out my good deeds that I have done for the house of my God and for his service.
15In those days I saw in Judah people treading winepresses #[Ex. 20:10] on the Sabbath, and bringing in heaps of grain and loading them on donkeys, and also wine, grapes, figs, and all kinds of loads, #See ch. 10:31 which they brought into Jerusalem on the Sabbath day. And #ver. 21I warned them on the day when they sold food. 16Tyrians also, who lived in the city, brought in fish and all kinds of goods and sold them on the Sabbath to the people of Judah, in Jerusalem itself! 17#ver. 11 Then I confronted the nobles of Judah and said to them, “What is this evil thing that you are doing, #[Matt. 12:5]profaning the Sabbath day? 18#See Jer. 17:19-23Did not your fathers act in this way, and did not our God bring all this disaster#13:18 The Hebrew word can mean evil, harm, or disaster, depending on the context on us and on this city? Now you are bringing more wrath on Israel by profaning the Sabbath.”
19As soon as it #Lev. 23:32began to grow dark at the gates of Jerusalem before the Sabbath, I commanded that the doors should be shut and gave orders that they should not be opened until after the Sabbath. And I stationed some of my servants at the gates, that no load might be brought in on the Sabbath day. 20Then the merchants and sellers of all kinds of wares lodged outside Jerusalem once or twice. 21#ver. 15But I warned them and said to them, “Why do you lodge outside the wall? If you do so again, I will lay hands on you.” From that time on they did not come on the Sabbath. 22Then I commanded the Levites #ch. 12:30 that they should purify themselves and come and guard the gates, to keep the Sabbath day holy. #[ver. 14, 31]Remember this also in my favor, O my God, and spare me according to the greatness of your steadfast love.
23In those days also I saw the Jews #Ezra 9:2; 10:10 who had married women #[ch. 4:7] of Ashdod, #[ver. 1; Ezra 9:1]Ammon, and #[ver. 1; Ezra 9:1]Moab. 24And half of their children spoke the language of Ashdod, and they could not speak the language of Judah, but only the language of each people. 25#[See ver. 17 above] And I confronted them and cursed them and beat some of them and pulled out their hair. #Ezra 10:5; [ch. 10:29, 30]And I made them take an oath in the name of God, saying, “You shall not give your daughters to their sons, or take their daughters for your sons or for yourselves. 26#See 1 Kgs. 11:1-8 Did not Solomon king of Israel sin on account of such women? #1 Kgs. 3:13; 2 Chr. 1:12 Among the many nations there was no king like him, and he was #[2 Sam. 12:24]beloved by his God, and God made him king over all Israel. Nevertheless, foreign women made even him to sin. 27Shall we then listen to you and do all this great evil and #Ezra 10:2act treacherously against our God by marrying foreign women?”
28And one of the sons of #ch. 12:10, 11, 22 Jehoiada, the son of #ver. 4, 7; ch. 3:1 Eliashib the high priest, was the son-in-law of #ch. 2:10, 19Sanballat the Horonite. Therefore I chased him from me. 29#[ch. 6:14] Remember them, O my God, because they have desecrated the priesthood #Mal. 2:4and the covenant of the priesthood and the Levites.
30 # ch. 10:30 Thus I cleansed them from everything foreign, and I established the duties of the priests and Levites, each in his work; 31and I provided #ch. 10:34 for the wood offering #Ezra 10:14 at appointed times, and for the firstfruits.
# ver. 14, 22 Remember me, O my God, for good.