Feasts of the Lord
1The Lord spoke to Moses, saying, 2“Speak to the people of Israel and say to them, #ver. 4, 37; Num. 29:39; See Ex. 23:14-17 These are the appointed feasts of the Lord that you shall #Num. 10:10; Ps. 81:3; Joel 2:15 proclaim as #Ex. 12:16holy convocations; they are my appointed feasts.
3 # ch. 19:3; Ex. 23:12; 31:15; 34:21; Luke 13:14; See Ex. 20:8-11; Deut. 5:12-15 “Six days shall work be done, but on the seventh day is a Sabbath of solemn rest, a holy convocation. You shall do no work. It is a Sabbath to the Lord in all your dwelling places.
4 # [See ver. 2 above] “These are the appointed feasts of the Lord, the #Ex. 12:16holy convocations, which you shall proclaim at the time appointed for them. 5#Ex. 13:3, 10; 23:15; 34:18; Num. 9:2, 3; 28:16, 17; Josh. 5:10; 2 Kgs. 23:21; Ezra 6:19; [Num. 9:10, 11; 2 Chr. 30:2, 13, 15]; See Ex. 12:2-14; Deut. 16:1-8In the first month, on the fourteenth day of the month at twilight,#23:5 Hebrew between the two evenings is the Lord’s Passover. 6And on the fifteenth day of the same month is the Feast of Unleavened Bread to the Lord; for seven days you shall eat unleavened bread. 7#Ex. 12:16; Num. 28:18, 25On the first day you shall have a holy convocation; you shall not do any ordinary work. 8But you shall present a food offering to the Lord for seven days. On the seventh day is a holy convocation; you shall not do any ordinary work.”
The Feast of Firstfruits
9And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying, 10“Speak to the people of Israel and say to them, #Ex. 23:19; 34:26; Num. 15:18, 19; 28:26; Deut. 26:1, 2 When you come into the land that I give you and reap its harvest, you shall bring the sheaf of #ver. 17the firstfruits of your harvest to the priest, 11and he shall #ver. 15, 20; Ex. 29:24wave the sheaf before the Lord, so that you may be accepted. On the day after the Sabbath the priest shall wave it. 12And on the day when you #[See ver. 11 above] wave the sheaf, you shall offer a #ch. 1:10male lamb a year old without blemish as a burnt offering to the Lord. 13#ch. 2:14-16 And the grain offering with it shall be two tenths of an ephah#23:13 An ephah was about 3/5 bushel or 22 liters of fine flour mixed with oil, a food offering to the Lord with a pleasing aroma, #Ex. 29:40and the drink offering with it shall be of wine, a fourth of a hin.#23:13 A hin was about 4 quarts or 3.5 liters 14And you shall eat neither bread nor grain #[ch. 2:14]parched or #[ch. 2:14]fresh until this same day, until you have brought the offering of your God: it is a statute forever throughout your generations in all your dwellings.
The Feast of Weeks
Ex. 34:22; Deut. 16:9 “You shall count seven full weeks from the day after the Sabbath, from the day that you brought the sheaf of the #[See ver. 11 above]wave offering. 16You shall count #Acts 2:1 (Gk.) fifty days to the day after the seventh Sabbath. Then you shall present a grain offering of #Num. 28:26new grain to the Lord. 17You shall bring from your dwelling places two loaves of bread to be waved, made of two tenths of an ephah. They shall be of fine flour, and they shall be baked with leaven, as #See ver. 10firstfruits to the Lord. 18And you shall present with the bread seven lambs a year old without blemish, and one bull from the herd and two rams. They shall be a burnt offering to the Lord, with their grain offering and their drink offerings, a food offering with a pleasing aroma to the Lord. 19And you shall offer one #ch. 4:23, 28; Num. 28:30 male goat for a sin offering, and two male lambs a year old as a sacrifice of #See ch. 3:1peace offerings. 20And the priest shall #[See ver. 11 above] wave them with the bread of the firstfruits as a wave offering before the Lord, with the two lambs. #Num. 18:12; Deut. 18:4They shall be holy to the Lord for the priest. 21And you shall make a proclamation on the same day. You shall hold a holy convocation. You shall not do any ordinary work. It is a statute forever in all your dwelling places throughout your generations.
22“And #ch. 19:9, 10; Deut. 24:19; [Ruth 2:2, 3]when you reap the harvest of your land, you shall not reap your field right up to its edge, nor shall you gather the gleanings after your harvest. You shall leave them for the poor and for the sojourner: I am the Lord your God.”
The Feast of Trumpets
23And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying, 24“Speak to the people of Israel, saying, In #Num. 29:1 the seventh month, on the first day of the month, you shall observe a day of solemn rest, #ch. 25:9a memorial proclaimed with blast of trumpets, a holy convocation. 25You shall not do any ordinary work, and you shall present a food offering to the Lord.”
The Day of Atonement
26And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying, 27“Now #ch. 16:29, 30; Num. 29:7on the tenth day of this seventh month is the Day of Atonement. It shall be for you a time of holy convocation, and you shall afflict yourselves#23:27 Or shall fast; also verse 32 and present a food offering to the Lord. 28And you shall not do any work on that very day, for it is a Day of Atonement, to make atonement for you before the Lord your God. 29For whoever is not afflicted#23:29 Or is not fasting on that very day #See Ex. 30:33shall be cut off from his people. 30And whoever does any work on that very day, that person I will destroy from among his people. 31You shall not do any work. It is a statute forever throughout your generations in all your dwelling places. 32It shall be to you a Sabbath of solemn rest, and you shall afflict yourselves. On the ninth day of the month beginning at evening, from evening to evening shall you keep your Sabbath.”
The Feast of Booths
33And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying, 34“Speak to the people of Israel, saying, #Num. 29:12; Deut. 16:13; Ezra 3:4; Neh. 8:14; Ezek. 45:25; Hos. 12:9; Zech. 14:16; John 7:2On the fifteenth day of this seventh month and for seven days is the Feast of Booths#23:34 Or Tabernacles to the Lord. 35On the first day shall be a holy convocation; you shall not do any ordinary work. 36For seven days you shall present food offerings to the Lord. #Num. 29:35; Neh. 8:18; John 7:37 On the eighth day you shall hold a holy convocation and present a food offering to the Lord. It is a #Num. 29:35; Deut. 16:8; 2 Kgs. 10:20; 2 Chr. 7:9; Neh. 8:18; Isa. 1:13; Joel 1:14; 2:15; Amos 5:21solemn assembly; you shall not do any ordinary work.
37 # ver. 2, 4 “These are the appointed feasts of the Lord, which you shall proclaim as times of holy convocation, for presenting to the Lord food offerings, burnt offerings and grain offerings, sacrifices and drink offerings, each on its proper day, 38#Num. 29:39besides the Lord’s Sabbaths and besides your gifts and besides all your vow offerings and besides all your freewill offerings, which you give to the Lord.
39“On the fifteenth day of the seventh month, when you have #Ex. 23:16; Deut. 16:13gathered in the produce of the land, you shall celebrate the feast of the Lord seven days. On the first day shall be a solemn rest, and on the eighth day shall be a solemn rest. 40And #See Neh. 8:14-18 you shall take on the first day the fruit of splendid trees, branches of palm trees and boughs of leafy trees and willows of the brook, and #Deut. 16:14, 15you shall rejoice before the Lord your God seven days. 41#See Num. 29:12-38You shall celebrate it as a feast to the Lord for seven days in the year. It is a statute forever throughout your generations; you shall celebrate it in the seventh month. 42#See Neh. 8:14-18You shall dwell in booths for seven days. All native Israelites shall dwell in booths, 43that #See Deut. 31:10-13your generations may know that I made the people of Israel dwell in booths when I brought them out of the land of Egypt: I am the Lord your God.”
44Thus Moses #ver. 2declared to the people of Israel the appointed feasts of the Lord.