Conquests in Northern Canaan
1When Jabin, king of Hazor, heard of this, he #ch. 10:3sent to Jobab king of Madon, and to the king of Shimron, and to the king of Achshaph, 2and to the kings who were in the northern hill country, and in the #ch. 3:16; Deut. 1:1 Arabah south of #ch. 12:3; 13:27; 19:35; Num. 34:11 Chinneroth, and in the lowland, and #ch. 12:23 in Naphoth-dor on the #ch. 17:11; Judg. 1:27west, 3to the Canaanites in the east and the west, the Amorites, the Hittites, the Perizzites, and the #ch. 15:63 Jebusites in the hill country, and the #Judg. 3:3 Hivites under #See Deut. 3:8 Hermon in the land of #ver. 8; Gen. 31:49Mizpah. 4And they came out with all their troops, a great horde, in number #Gen. 22:17; 32:12; Judg. 7:12; 1 Sam. 13:5like the sand that is on the seashore, with very many horses and chariots. 5And all these kings joined their forces and came and encamped together at the waters of Merom to fight against Israel.
6And the Lord said to Joshua, #[ch. 10:8] “Do not be afraid of them, for tomorrow at this time I will give over all of them, slain, to Israel. You shall #ver. 9; 2 Sam. 8:4; 1 Chr. 18:4; [Gen. 49:6] hamstring their horses and burn their #ch. 17:16-18; Deut. 20:1; Judg. 1:19; 4:3chariots with fire.” 7So Joshua and all his warriors came #ch. 10:9suddenly against them by the waters of Merom and fell upon them. 8And the Lord gave them into the hand of Israel, who struck them and chased them as far as #ch. 19:28 Great Sidon and #ch. 13:6 Misrephoth-maim, and eastward as far as the Valley of #ver. 3Mizpeh. And they struck them until he left none remaining. 9And Joshua did to them #ver. 6just as the Lord said to him: he hamstrung their horses and burned their chariots with fire.
10And Joshua turned back at that time and captured #[Judg. 4:2]Hazor and struck its king with the sword, for Hazor formerly was the head of all those kingdoms. 11And they struck with the sword all who were in it, devoting them to destruction;#11:11 That is, setting apart (devoting) as an offering to the Lord (for destruction); also verses 12, 20, 21 #ch. 10:40there was none left that breathed. And he burned Hazor with fire. 12And all the cities of those kings, and all their kings, Joshua captured, and struck them with the edge of the sword, devoting them to destruction, #Deut. 20:16, 17just as Moses the servant of the Lord had commanded. 13But none of the cities that stood on mounds did Israel burn, except Hazor alone; that Joshua burned. 14And all the spoil of these cities and the livestock, the people of Israel took for their plunder. But every person they struck with the edge of the sword until they had destroyed them, and they did not leave any who breathed. 15#Ex. 34:11, 12 Just as the Lord had commanded Moses his servant, #Deut. 7:2 so Moses commanded Joshua, #ch. 1:7and so Joshua did. He left nothing undone of all that the Lord had commanded Moses.
16So Joshua took all that land, #ch. 12:8 the hill country and all the Negeb and #ch. 10:41; 15:51 all the land of Goshen #ver. 2 and the lowland #ver. 2 and the Arabah #ver. 21and the hill country of Israel and its lowland 17#ch. 12:7 from Mount Halak, which rises toward Seir, as far as #ch. 12:7; 13:5 Baal-gad in the Valley of Lebanon below #See ver. 3 Mount Hermon. And he captured #ch. 12:7; Deut. 7:24all their kings and struck them and put them to death. 18Joshua made war #[ch. 14:7, 10]a long time with all those kings. 19There was not a city that made peace with the people of Israel except #ch. 9:3, 7the Hivites, the inhabitants of Gibeon. They took them all in battle. 20For it was the Lord’s doing #See Ex. 4:21 to harden their hearts that they should come against Israel in battle, in order that they should be devoted to destruction and should receive no mercy but be destroyed, #Deut. 20:16, 17just as the Lord commanded Moses.
21And Joshua came at that time and cut off #ch. 15:13, 14; Num. 13:22, 23; Deut. 1:28the Anakim from the hill country, from Hebron, from Debir, from Anab, and from all the hill country of Judah, and from all the hill country of Israel. Joshua devoted them to destruction with their cities. 22There was none of the Anakim left in the land of the people of Israel. Only in Gaza, #[1 Sam. 17:4]in Gath, and in Ashdod did some remain. 23So Joshua took the whole land, #See Num. 34:2-12 according to all that the Lord had spoken to Moses. #See ch. 14–19; Num. 26:52-56 And Joshua gave it for an inheritance to Israel #ch. 12:7; 18:10according to their tribal allotments. And the land had rest from war.